HMS Raglan

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HMS Raglan
HMS Raglan
Career (UK)
Name: HMS Raglan
Operator:  Royal Navy
Builder: Harland and Wolff, Govan
Laid down: 1 December 1914
Launched: 29 April 1915
Commissioned: May 1915
Fate: Sunk, 20 January 1918
General characteristics
Class & type: Abercrombie-class monitor
Displacement: 6,150 long tons (6,250 t)
Length: 334.5 ft (102.0 m)
Beam: 90 ft (27 m)
Draught: 10.2 ft (3.1 m)
Propulsion: 2 × triple-expansion reciprocating steam engines
2 × shafts
Speed: kn (6.9 mph; 11 km/h)
Complement: 198
Armament:
Armour:
Aircraft carried:
Aviation facilities: Fitted to carry a seaplane

HMS Raglan was a First World War Royal Navy Abercrombie-class monitor, which was sunk during the Battle of Imbros in January 1918.

Design[edit]

On 3 November 1914, Charles M. Schwab of Bethlehem Steel offered Winston Churchill, then First Lord of the Admiralty, the use of eight 14-inch (360 mm)/45 cal BL MK II guns in twin gun turrets, originally destined for the Greek battleship Salamis. These turrets could not be delivered to the German builders, due to the British blockade. The Royal Navy immediately designed a class of monitors, designed for shore bombardment, to use the turrets.

Construction[edit]

Raglan was laid down at the Harland and Wolff Ltd shipyard at Govan on 1 December 1914. The ship was named Robert E Lee in honour of the CS General Robert E Lee, however as the United States was still neutral, the ship was hurriedly renamed HMS M3 on 31 May 1915. She was then named HMS Lord Raglan on 20 June 1915 and again renamed HMS Raglan on 23 June 1915.

Career[edit]

Raglan leaving Malta for Brindisi during the First World War.

Raglan sailed for the Dardanelles in June 1915. She remained in the Eastern Mediterranean, based at Imbros. On 20 January 1918,[1] while the battleships Agamemnon and Lord Nelson were absent, Raglan and other members of the Detached Squadron of the Aegean Squadron were attacked by the Turkish battlecruiser Yavuz Sultan Selim (formerly German battlecruiser SMS Goeben), the light cruiser Midilli (formerly German light cruiser SMS Breslau) and four destroyers. Raglan was sunk with the loss of 127 lives. The monitor M28 was also sunk in the same battle. Midilli and Yavuz Sultan Selim ran into a minefield; Midilli sank and Yavuz Sultan Selim was badly damaged.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "HMS Raglan at Battleships-Cruisers website". Retrieved 2008-09-23. 
  • Dittmar, F. J. & Colledge, J. J., "British Warships 1914-1919", (Ian Allan, London, 1972), ISBN 0-7110-0380-7
  • Gray, Randal (ed), "Conway's All The Worlds Fighting Ships, 1906-1921", (Conway Maritime Press, London, 1985), ISBN 0-85177-245-5

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 40°14′N 25°58′E / 40.233°N 25.967°E / 40.233; 25.967