HMS Recruit (1896)

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HMS Recruit
HMS Recruit
Career Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Recruit
Ordered: 1895 – 1896 Naval Estimates
Builder: J & G Thompson, Clydebank
Laid down: 18 October 1895
Launched: 22 August 1896
Commissioned: October 1900
Fate: 1 May 1915 sunk by German submarine UB-6 in the southern North Sea
General characteristics
Class & type: Clydebank three funnel - 30 knot destroyer[1][2]
Displacement:

345 t (340 long tons) standard
485 t (477 long tons) full load
214 ft (65 m) o/a
20 ft (6.1 m) Beam

8 ft 6 in (2.59 m) Draught
Propulsion:

4 × Thornycroft water tube boiler

2 × Vertical Triple Expansion (VTE) steam engines driving 2 shafts producing 5,800 shp (4,300 kW)
Speed: 30 kn (56 km/h)
Range: 80 tons coal
1,465 nmi (2,713 km) at 11 kn (20 km/h)
Complement: 63 officers and men
Armament:
Service record
Operations: World War I 1914 - 1918

HMS Recruit was a Clydebank three funnel - 30 knot destroyer ordered by the Royal Navy under the 1895 – 1896 Naval Estimates. She was the fifth ship to carry this name since it was introduced in 1806 for an 18-gun brig-sloop, sold in 1822.[3][4]

Construction[edit]

She was laid down as Yard Number 290 on 18 October 1895 at J & G Thompson shipyard in Clydebank. Prior to launching she had her hull lengthened by 4 feet. She was launched on 22 August 1896. During her trials she had problems making her contract speed of 30 knots and was the last of this group to be completed. In 1899 during the construction of these ships, steelmaker John Brown and Company of Sheffield bought J&G Thomson's Clydebank yard for £923,255 3s 3d. She was completed and accepted by the Royal Navy in October 1900.[3][4]

Pre-War[edit]

After commissioning she was assigned to the Chatham Division of the Harwich Flotilla. She was deployed in Home waters for her entire service life.

On 30 August 1912 the Admiralty directed all destroyer classes were to be designated by alpha characters starting with the letter 'A'. Since her design speed was 30-knots and she had three funnels she was assigned to the C Class. After 30 September 1913, she was known as an C Class destroyer and had the letter ‘C’ painted on the hull below the bridge area and on either the fore or aft funnel.[5]

World War I[edit]

In 1914 she was in active commission at the Nore based at Shearness tendered to HMS Actaeon, a Royal Navy training establishment. With the outbreak of hostilities in August 1914 she was assigned to the Nore Local Flotilla. Her duties included anti-submarine and counter mining patrols in the Thames Estuary.

Loss[edit]

On 1 May 1915 while patrolling with HMS Brazen, she was sunk by German submarine UB-6 of the newly formed Flanders Flotilla in the southern North Sea, 30 miles south-west of the Galloper Light Vessel off the Thames Estuary, England. She broke in two and sank with the loss of 39 men, 4 officers and 22 crewmen were rescued.[6][7]

NOTE: Many authors have a tendency to combine the facts about the loss of the R Class HMS Recruit and the C Class HMS Recruit. The C Class vessel was sunk by UB-6 30 miles south-west of the Galloper Light Vessel with the loss of 39 lives on 1 May 1915, whereas the R Class vessel was lost on 9 August 1917 in the North Sea either by mine or torpedo from UB-16 and went down with the loss of 54 officers and men.

She was not awarded a Battle Honour for her service.

Pennant Numbers[edit]

Pennant Number[7] From To
N13 6 Dec 1914 1 Sep 1915
D49 1 Sep 1915 1 May 1915

References[edit]

NOTE: All tabular data under General Characteristics only from the listed Jane's Fighting Ships volume unless otherwise specified

  1. ^ Jane, Fred T. (1905, Reprinted 1969). Jane’s Fighting Ships 1905. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1905, Reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. p. 77. 
  2. ^ Jane, Fred T. (reprinted © 1990). Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Jane’s Publishing © 1919. p. 77. ISBN 1 85170 378 0. 
  3. ^ a b Jane, Fred T. (1898, Reprinted 1969). Jane’s All The Worlds Fighting Ships 1898. New York: first published by Sampson Low Marston, London 1898, Reprinted ARCO Publishing Company. p. 84 to 85. 
  4. ^ a b Jane, Fred T. (reprinted © 1990). Jane’s Fighting Ships of World War I. Jane’s Publishing © 1919. p. 76. ISBN 1 85170 378 0. 
  5. ^ Conway’s All the World’s Fighting Ships 1906 to 1922. Conway Maritime Press. 1985, Reprinted 1986, 1997, 2002, 2006. p. Page 17 to 19. ISBN 0 85177 245 5. 
  6. ^ "Loss Data from U-Boat.net". 
  7. ^ a b ""Arrowsmith" List – Part 1 Destroyer Prototypes through "River" Class". Retrieved 1 Jun 2013. 
  • Manning, Captain T.D. The British Destroyer. Godfrey Cave Associates. ISBN 0-906223-13-X. 

External links[edit]