HMS Resource (1778)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Resource.
Career (Great Britain) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Resource
Ordered: 30 September 1777
Builder: John Randall & Co, Rotherhithe
Laid down: November 1777
Launched: 10 August 1778
Completed: 2 October 1778 (at Deptford Dockyard)
Commissioned: July 1778
Renamed: Enterprise 17 April 1806
Honours and
awards:
Naval General Service Medal with clasp "Egypt"[1]
Fate: Sold to break up 28 August 1816
General characteristics
Class and type: 28-gun Enterprise-class sixth-rate frigate
Tons burthen: 603 3494 (bm)
Length: 120 ft 8 in (36.78 m) (overall)
99 ft 7 in (30.35 m) (keel)
Beam: 33 ft 9 in (10.3 m)
Depth of hold: 11 ft 0 12 in (3.366 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Complement: 200 officers and men
Armament: Upper deck: 24 ×  9-pounder guns

QD: 4 x  6-pounder guns + 4 x  18-pounder carronades
Fc: 2 x  18-pounder carronades

Also: 12 x  swivel guns

HMS Resource was a 28-gun Enterprise-class sixth-rate frigate of the Royal Navy. She was launched in 1778 and sold for breaking up in 1816.

Career[edit]

Resource was first commissioned in July 1778 under the command of Captain Patrick Fotheringham.

On 19 April 1781 Resource recaptured the 20-gun post ship Unicorn, which the French frigate Andromaque had captured on 4 September 1780. Resource had reached Cape Blaise by noon and at 2pm spotted a strange sail. By 4:30 Resource was close enough that both vessels began to exchange fire. After an hour and a half, the French vessel struck. She turned out to be the Unicorn, and armed with twenty 9-pounder guns and eight 12-pounder carronades. She had a crew of 181 men under the command of Chevalier de St. Ture. In the engagement, Resource lost 15 men killed and 30 wounded; Unicorn lost eight men killed and 30 wounded, four of whom died later.[2]

Ten crew members were drowned in October 1799 when the ship's boat foundered in The Downs while returning to Resource after a journey to the shore. The dead included the captain of marines and the ship's purser.[3]

Because Resource served in the navy's Egyptian campaign (8 March to 2 September 1801), her officers and crew qualified for the clasp "Egypt" to the Naval General Service Medal that the Admiralty authorised in 1850 for all surviving claimants.[Note 1]

Notes and citations[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A first-class share of the prize money awarded in April 1823 was worth £34 2s 4d; a fifth-class share, that of an able seaman, was worth 3s 11½d. The amount was small as the total had to be shared between 79 vessels and the entire army contingent.[4]
Citations
  1. ^ The London Gazette: no. 21077. pp. 791–792. 15 March 1850.
  2. ^ The London Gazette: no. 12212. p. 5. 31 July 1781.
  3. ^ Grocott 1997, p.79
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 17915. p. 633. 3 April 1823.

References[edit]

  • Gardiner, Robert (1992). The First Frigates. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0851776019. 
  • Grocott, Terence (1997). Shipwrecks of the Revolutionary and Napoleonic Eras. Chatham Publishing. ISBN 1861760302. 
  • Lyon, David (1993). The Sailing Navy List. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0851776175. 
  • Winfield, Rif (2007). British Warships of the Age of Sail 1714–1792: Design, Construction, Careers and Fates. Seaforth. ISBN 9781844157006.