HMS Romney (1694)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Romney.
Career (Great Britain) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Romney
Builder: Johnson, Blackwall Yard
Launched: 1694
Fate: Wrecked, 26 October 1707
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: 50-gun fourth rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 683 bm
Length: 130 ft 0.5 in (39.6 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 34 ft 4 in (10.5 m)
Depth of hold: 13 ft 7 in (4.1 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 50 guns of various weights of shot

HMS Romney was a 50-gun fourth rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, launched at Blackwall Yard in 1694.[1]

Commanded by Captain William Coney,[2] Romney was wrecked on the Scilly Isles on 26 October 1707[1][3] when a disastrous navigational error sent Admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell's fleet through dangerous reefs while on their way from Gibraltar to Portsmouth. Four ships (Romney, Association, Firebrand and Eagle) were lost, with nearly 2,000[4] sailors. Romney hit Bishop Rock and went down with all but one of her crew. The sole survivor was George Lawrence, who had worked as a butcher before joining the crew of Romney as quartermaster.[5] The Scilly naval disaster was one of the greatest maritime disasters in British history. It was largely as a result of this disaster that the Board of the Admiralty instituted a competition for a more precise method to determine longitude.

Notes[edit]

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.
  • Michael Phillips. Romney (54) (1694). Michael Phillips' Ships of the Old Navy. Retrieved 7 November 2008.