HMS Salisbury (1707)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Salisbury.
Career (Great Britain) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Salisbury
Builder: Rosewell, Chatham Dockyard
Launched: 3 July 1707
Fate: Sold, 1749
General characteristics as built[1]
Class & type: 1706 Establishment 50-gun fourth rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 703 long tons (714.3 t)
Length: 130 ft (39.6 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 35 ft (10.7 m)
Depth of hold: 14 ft (4.3 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:

50 guns:

  • Gundeck: 22 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 22 × 9 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 4 × 6 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 6 pdrs
General characteristics after 1717 rebuild[1]
Class & type: 1706 Establishment 50-gun fourth rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 710 long tons (721.4 t)
Length: 130 ft (39.6 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 35 ft (10.7 m)
Depth of hold: 14 ft (4.3 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:

50 guns:

  • Gundeck: 22 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 22 × 9 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 4 × 6 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 6 pdrs
General characteristics after 1726 rebuild[2]
Class & type: 1719 Establishment 50-gun fourth rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 756 long tons (768.1 t)
Length: 134 ft (40.8 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 36 ft (11.0 m)
Depth of hold: 15 ft 2 in (4.6 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament:

50 guns:

  • Gundeck: 22 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 22 × 9 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 4 × 6 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 6 pdrs

HMS Salisbury was a 50-gun fourth rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at Chatham Dockyard to the dimensions of the 1706 Establishment, and launched on 3 July 1707.[1] In autumn of 1707, she brought the body of admiral Sir Cloudesley Shovell (who had been killed in a disastrous shipwreck in the Isles of Scilly) from St Mary's to Plymouth prior to his burial in Westminster Abbey.[3]

Salisbury was rebuilt for the first time by Stacey of Woolwich Dockyard. Unusually, as she was undergoing her rebuild just 10 years after her original launch, she was reconstructed to the same design specifications, and was relaunched on 10 October 1717.[1] Salisbury was the only ship to have been built twice to the same design.[4] She was ordered to be taken to pieces for her second rebuild in orders dated 9 April 1725, and was rebuilt at Portsmouth to the 1719 Establishment. Salisbury was relaunched on 30 October 1726.[2]

She was converted to a hulk in 1744, and was sold out of the navy in 1749.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p168.
  2. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p170.
  3. ^ www.kenthistoryforum.co.uk - The legacy of Sir Cloudsley Shovel
  4. ^ Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p79.

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.