HMS Salisbury (F32)
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HMS Salisbury while serving as a harbour training ship in 1983. Radar antennae have been removed from the foremast and mainmast
|Name:||HMS Salisbury (F32)|
|Laid down:||23 January 1952|
|Launched:||25 June 1953|
|Completed:||27 February 1957|
|Fate:||Sunk as a target 30 September 1985|
|Class and type:||Salisbury class frigate|
|Displacement:||2,170 tons standard
2,400 tons full load
|Length:||340 ft (100 m) o/a|
|Beam:||40 ft (12 m)|
|Draught:||15 ft 6 in (4.72 m)|
|Propulsion:||8 × ASR1 diesels, 12,400 shp, 2 shafts|
|Speed:||24 kn (44 km/h)|
|Range:||7,500 nmi (13,900 km) at 16 kn (30 km/h)|
|Type 960 air search radar, later Type 965 AKE-2
Type 293Q target indication radar, later Type 993 and Antenna AKD
Type 982 aircraft direction radar, laterType 986 and Antenna AKR
Type 277Q height finding radar, later Type 278 and Antenna ANU(3)
Type 974 navigation radarlater Type 978 and Antenna ATZ
Type 275 fire control radar on director Mark 6M
Type 262 fire control on STAAG mount
Type 944/954 later Type 1010/1011 Cossor Mark 10 IFF
Type 174 search sonar
Type 170 attack sonar
|Armament:||1 × twin 4.5 in gun Mark 6
1 × twin 40 mm Bofors gun STAAG Mark 2, later 1 × Sea Cat GWS-20 SAM
1 × Squid A/S mortar
|Operations:||Beira Patrol (1975)
Cod Wars (1976)
HMS Salisbury (F32) was a Salisbury-class or Type 61 aircraft direction frigate of the British Royal Navy. Completed in the late 1950s, Salisbury served through the 1960s and 1970s, participating in the Beira Patrol, blockading against Rhodesia and the confrontation with Iceland over fishing rights that was known as the Cod Wars. Salisbury became a harbour training ship in 1980, before being sunk as a target in 1985.
Design and construction
The Type 61 class were aircraft direction frigates, fitted with a sophisticated battery of radar equipment which was intended to provide guidance to carrier and shore-based aircraft against aerial targets. They shared a common hull design with the Leopard class frigates, and like the Leopards, were powered by eight Admiralty Standard Range diesel engines driving two shafts, giving a total of 14,400 shaft horsepower (10,700 kW) and propelling the ship to a speed of 24 knots (44 km/h; 28 mph).
In 1959 Salisbury visited Cleveland, Ohio and was first RN warship on Lake Erie since 1812. At that time she was part the 5th Frigate Squadron, serving in home water, in the Mediterranean and in the Far East until August 1961. From 1961 to 1962 she was modernised with an improved radar suite, with Type 965 long-range radar fitted on a plated in Mack aft, replacing the previous Type 960 radar, and with the Type 293 target designation radar moved forward to a new foremast, while improved ESM equipment was also fitted.
Following her refit, Salisbury again served in home waters and in the Far East. On 25 June 1964, she sustained a collision with HMS Diamond in the English Channel while returning from exercise. Attended opening of Forth Road Bridge by H.M. Queen. Far East (Borneo Insurgency Xmas 1963 Ferrying Gurkhas into War Zone and supplying Naval manpower to patrol rivers in ship's boats) and East Africa duties (Socotra patrols) on return to Far East. Found both propellers split - in floating dock Singapore for 30 days to fix. In 1967 she stood by during disturbances in the West Indies, being tasked to ferry the local police from St. Kitts and Nevis to the island of Anguilla where there was unrest. In the event the police forces failed to materialise and the ship landed her IS Platoon to restore order. Whilst returning from the West Indies she sank the abandoned German tanker Essenberger Chemist which was still afloat following an unsuccessful attempt by the nuclear submarine HMS Dreadnought.
During 1967–70 Salisbury again underwent a major modernisation, with a launcher for Sea Cat surface-to-air missiles replacing the twin Bofors 40 mm gun mount aft. In 1975 she completed the last Beira Patrol. She undertook Cod War patrols in 1976 and was slightly damaged in a collision with the Icelandic gunboat Týr on 1 April 1976, and was involved in two collisions with the Ægir on 20 May 1976.
In 1977 she was part of the 1st Frigate Squadron and took part in the Fleet Review to celebrate HM Queen Elizabeth II's Silver Jubilee. In 1978 she sailed to the Mediterranean Sea during negotiations for her sale to Egypt, but eventually returned to UK, the sale having fallen through. From 1980-85 she was a harbour training ship at Devonport, before being replaced in that role by HMS Ajax. On 30 September 1985, HMS Salisbury was towed out and sunk as a target.
|1956||1958||Commander W A E Hall RN|
|1957||1959||Commander A G Watson RN|
|1959||1961+||Commander J K Stevens RN|
|1964||1966||Commander R D Johnson RN|
|1975||1977||Commander Hugo White RN|
|1977||1977||Commander J T Saunders RN|
- Gardiner and Chumbley 1995, p. 517.
- Blackman 1971, p. 358.
- Critchley 1986, p. 81.
- Marriot 1983, pp. 47, 50.
- Mason, Geoffrey B. (2007). "Royal Navy post-World War 2: CHRONOLOGY, Part 3 - 1961-70". Naval-History.net. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
- Marriot 1983, p. 50.
- Official Souvenir Programme, 1977. Silver Jubilee Fleet Review, HMSO
- Blackman, Raymond V. B. (1971). Jane's Fighting Ships 1971–72. London: Sampson Low, Marston & Co. ISBN 0-354-00096-9.
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Critchley, Mike (1986). British Warships Since 1945: Part 5: Frigates. Liskeard, UK: Maritime Books. ISBN 0-907771-13-0.
- Gardiner, Robert; Chumbley, Stephen (1995). Conway's All The World's Fighting Ships 1947–1995. Annapolis, Maryland, USA: Naval Institute Press. ISBN 1-55750-132-7.
- Marriot, Leo (1983). Royal Navy Frigates 1945–1983. Shepperton, UK: Ian Allen. ISBN 0-7110-1322-5.