HMS Severn (1913)
|Class and type:||Humber-class monitor|
|Laid down:||24 August 1912|
|Launched:||19 August 1913|
|Acquired:||8 August 1914|
|Fate:||Sold 9 May 1921 for scrapping|
|Displacement:||1,260 long tons (1,280 t)|
|Length:||266 ft 9 in (81.3 m)|
|Beam:||49 ft (14.9 m)|
|Draught:||5 ft 7.2 in (1.7 m)|
|Draft:||1,450 ihp (1,080 kW)|
|Propulsion:||2 × triple expansion engines
2 × Yarrow boilers
2 × screws
|Speed:||12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph) (design)
9.5 kn (18 km/h; 11 mph) (in service)
|Armament:||2 × 6 in (152 mm) guns
2 × 4.7 in (119 mm) dual-purpose guns
4 × 3-pounder guns
1 × 3-pounder anti-aircraft gun
|Armour:||Belt: 3–1.5 in (76–38 mm)
Bulkheads: 1.5 in (38 mm)
Barbette: 3.5 in (89 mm)
Turret Face: 4 inches (102 mm)
HMS Severn was a Humber-class monitor of the Royal Navy. Originally built by Vickers for Brazil, she was purchased by the Royal Navy in 1914 on the outbreak of the First World War along with her sister ships Humber and Mersey. She had been christened Solimoes by the Brazilians, but was renamed by the British. The three ships were the first of a new type of specialized shore-bombardment warships. As a result of her shallow draught, she was very un-manoeuvrable and unseaworthy in open waters in anything more than a Force 5 wind.
She had a relatively successful career during the First World War with at least three engagements. At the Battle of the Yser in 1914, off the coast of Belgium, she bombarded German troops as well as artillery positions. On 10 October 1914, she survived an attack by the submarine U-8 when a torpedo passed under the shallow draught vessel. In early 1915, the twin turret was removed and replaced by two shielded single 6 inch guns fore and aft. In July 1915, she was towed to the Rufiji River delta in German East Africa where she and Mersey then assisted in the destruction of the German light cruiser SMS Königsberg.
She was sold for breaking up on 9 May 1921 to Ward, of Preston, and arrived at their yards on 23 March 1923.
- Farwell, Byron. The Great War in Africa, 1914-1918. WW Norton & Company. p 145
- Buxton, Ian. Big Gun Monitors 2nd edition - Seforth Publishing 2008, ISBN 978-1-84415-719-8
- Colledge, J. J.; Warlow, Ben (2006) . Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of all Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy (Rev. ed.). London: Chatham Publishing. ISBN 978-1-86176-281-8. OCLC 67375475.
- Jane's Fighting Ships of World War One (1919), Jane's Publishing Company