HMS Sluys (D60)
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
|Builder:||Cammell Laird & Co, Birkenhead|
|Laid down:||24 November 1943|
|Launched:||28 February 1945|
|Completed:||30 September 1946|
|Commissioned:||30 September 1946|
|Decommissioned:||1953 from Royal Navy|
|Fate:||Sold to Iran|
|Name:||Artemiz (D5), then Damavand|
|Acquired:||26 January 1967|
|Fate:||non-operational since 1990|
|Class & type:||Battle class destroyer|
|Displacement:||2,325 litres (511 imp gal; 614 US gal) standard
3,360 long tons (3,410 t) full load (1975)
|Length:||355 feet (108 m) pp
379 feet (116 m) overall
|Beam:||45.5 feet (13.9 m)|
|Draught:||17.5 feet (5.3 m)|
|Propulsion:||2 steam turbines, 2 shafts, 2 boilers, 50,000 shp (37 MW)|
|Speed:||35.5 knots (65.7 km/h; 40.9 mph), 31 knots (57 km/h; 36 mph) sustained sea|
|Range:||3,000 miles (4,800 km) at 20 knots (37 km/h; 23 mph)|
|Armament:||2 × dual 4.5-inch (114 mm) gun
1 × single 4-inch (102 mm) gun
14 × Bofors 40 mm gun
10 × 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes
1 × Squid mortar
HMS Sluys (D60) was a Battle-class destroyer of the Royal Navy (RN). She was named in honour of the Battle of Sluys which occurred in 1340 during the Hundred Years' War, and which resulted in a decisive English victory over a French fleet. Sluys was built by Cammell Laird of Birkenhead. She was launched on 28 February 1945 and commissioned on 30 September 1946.
Upon commission, Sluys joined the 1st Destroyer Flotilla, part of the Home Fleet, which was based in the UK. In 1947, Sluys, along with her sister-ship Cadiz, escorted the aircraft carrier HMS Vengeance, which was flying the flag of the First Sea Lord, to Norway, where the small group made a variety of fly-the-flag visits to ports, as well as performing other duties.
In 1953, Sluys was decommissioned and subsequently placed in Reserve. She was sold to Iran in 1967 after a major rebuild which completely changed her outline. After this major refit the ship appeared with a fully enclosed bridge and equipped with a seacat missile system. This despite tensions between the UK and Iran during the 1960s, which was centred around tensions and disputes in the Middle East. Sluys was renamed Artemiz upon joining the Iranian Navy.
After some years service with the Iranian Navy Sluys underwent another major refit, this time carried out by the Russians, and received amongst other things, a brand new Russian surface to air missile system to replace the British seacat. However, she did keep her original 4.5" mark 4 turrets, albeit with an updated radar and fire control system. It is reported that she remained in service into the 1990s, an astonishing service life, considering that by then, Sluys was very antiquated.