HMS Sphinx (J69)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Sphinx.
Career
Name: HMS Sphinx
Ordered: 26 August 1937
Builder: Hamilton's, Port Glasgow
Laid down: 17 January 1938
Launched: 7 February 1939
Commissioned: 27 July 1939
Fate: Bombed and wrecked, 2 February 1940
Badge: On a field Blue, a Sphinx Gold
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: Halcyon-class minesweeper
Displacement: 875 long tons (889 t) standard
1,350 long tons (1,372 t) full load
Length: 245 ft 9 in (74.90 m) o/a
Beam: 33 ft 6 in (10.21 m)
Draught: 9 ft (2.7 m)
Propulsion: 2 × Admiralty 3-drum water-tube boilers
Parsons steam turbines
2,000 shp (1,500 kW) on 2 shafts
Speed: 16.5 knots (30.6 km/h; 19.0 mph)
Range: 7,200 nmi (13,300 km; 8,300 mi) at 10 kn (19 km/h; 12 mph)
Complement: 121
Armament: As completed:
• 2 × QF 4 inch Mk.V (L/45 102 mm) guns, single mounts HA Mk.III
• 4 × .5 inch Mk.III (12.7 mm) Vickers machine guns, quad mount HA Mk.I
• 4 × single .303 inch (7.7 mm) Lewis machine guns
• 4 × depth charge throwers
• 2 × depth charge rails

HMS Sphinx (J69) was a Halcyon-class minesweeper (officially, "fleet minesweeping sloop") of the British Royal Navy, which was commissioned in 1939, just prior to World War II. During the war she served in the North Sea until bombed and wrecked on 2 February 1940.[2]

Service history[edit]

The ship was built by William Hamilton and Company, Port Glasgow, with turbine engines supplied by J. Samuel White of Cowes. She was laid down on 17 January 1938, and launched on 7 February 1939.[2]

Sphinx was commissioned in July 1939, and assigned to the 5th Minesweeping Flotilla, based at Dover as part of the Nore Command. The flotilla carried out minesweeping in the English Channel and the North Sea until December, when it was transferred to Rosyth.[2]

Sinking[edit]

On the morning of 2 February 1940 the Flotilla was minesweeping in the Moray Firth, 15 miles north of Kinnaird Head, in position 57°57′N 02°00′W / 57.950°N 2.000°W / 57.950; -2.000, when it came under attack by German aircraft. Sphinx was hit by a bomb, which penetrated the foredeck and exploded, killing five men, including the commanding officer Cdr. John Robert Newton Taylor. The crippled ship was taken under tow by Harrier, but eventually capsized[2] 17 hours after being bombed.[3] Boreas rescued 46 of her crew, but 49 men were lost.[4] The wreck later drifted ashore two miles north of Lybster,[2] and was eventually sold for scrap.

On 7 June 1940 the OBE was awarded to Sphinx's Senior surviving Officer and two members of the crew, and there were five Mentions in Despatches, three to crewmen of Sphinx and two from Boreas.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Halcyon Minesweepers : Specifications". halcyon-class.co.uk. 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Mason, Geoffrey B. (2011). "HMS Sphinx". naval-history.net. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 
  3. ^ a b The London Gazette: (Supplement) no. 34868. pp. 3501–3502. 7 June 1940. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  4. ^ "Measures to combat air attacks on Shipping". World War II Today. 2012. Retrieved 5 March 2012. 

External links[edit]