HMCS Spikenard (K198)
|Career (United Kingdom)|
|Ordered:||22 January 1940|
|Builder:||George T. Davie & Sons Ltd., Lauzon|
|Laid down:||24 February 1940|
|Launched:||10 August 1940|
|Commissioned:||6 December 1940|
|Out of service:||15 May 1941 - loaned to Canada|
|Identification:||Pennant number: K198|
|Fate:||loaned to Canada 1941; sunk 1942|
|Operator:||Royal Canadian Navy|
|Acquired:||Loaned from United Kingdom|
|Commissioned:||15 May 1941|
|Out of service:||sunk 10 February 1942|
|Identification:||Pennant number: K198|
|Class & type:||Flower-class corvette|
|Displacement:||950 long tons (970 t; 1,060 short tons)|
|Length:||205 ft (62.48 m)|
|Beam:||33 ft (10.06 m)|
|Draught:||11.5 ft (3.51 m)|
2 water tube boilers;1 4-cyl. triple expansion steam engine, 2750 hp.;
|Speed:||16 knots (29.6 km/h)|
|Endurance:||3,450 miles at 12 knots, 2,629 miles at full speed|
|Complement:||6 officers, 79 men|
HMCS Spikenard was a Flower-class corvette that served with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War. She served primarily in the Battle of the Atlantic as a convoy escort. She was named for the Spikenard flower.
Flower-class corvettes like Spikenard serving with the Royal Canadian Navy during the Second World War were different from earlier and more traditional sail-driven corvettes. The "corvette" designation was created by the French as a class of small warships; the Royal Navy borrowed the term for a period but discontinued its use in 1877. During the hurried preparations for war in the late 1930s, Winston Churchill reactivated the corvette class, needing a name for smaller ships used in an escort capacity, in this case based on a whaling ship design. The generic name "flower" was used to designate the class of these ships, which – in the Royal Navy – were named after flowering plants.
She originally ordered on 22 January 1940 by the Royal Navy as part of the 1939-1940 Flower-class program as HMS Spikenard (K198). Spikenard was laid down 24 February 1940 and launched later that year on 10 August. She was commissioned on 6 December 1940 in Quebec City, Quebec. On 15 May 1941 she was one of ten corvettes loaned to the Royal Canadian Navy. She could be told apart from other Canadian Flowers by her lack of minesweeping gear and the siting of the after gun tub amidships.
On 21 January 1941 she sailed with convoy HX 104 to get her final equipment at South Shields, Tyne in the United Kingdom. She was worked up at Tobermory and left on June 10 with convoy OB 332 as a full escort.
After commissioning in the RCN she was assigned as part of the Newfoundland Escort Force (NEF). From July 1941 to January 1942 Spikenard made three round-trips to the Mid-Ocean Meeting Point off Iceland escorting the vital trans-Atlantic convoys. On opening night (27 January 1942), Spikenard 's commander, Lt-Cdr. H.F. Shadforth, hammered a six inch spike into the floor of the Seagoing Officers Club, "The Crows' Nest" in St. John's, Newfoundland (better known as "Newfyjohn" during the War). After Spikenard was torpedoed and sunk two weeks later with the loss of all except eight of her crew, fellow NEF officers preserved the nail as "'Spikenard' his Spike". It still remains on display and the members of the Club hold a "Corvette Wake" commemorative dinner every year to remember Spikenard and her crew.
While escorting convoy SC 47, with her commanding officer was the Senior Officer among the escorts. On the night of 10 February 1942, Spikenard was torpedoed by U-136. The other escorts in the group had been caught up chasing contacts and had not known Spikenard was gone until she had not answered repeated radio calls. Some escorts fell back and only found eight survivors.
- "Battle Honours". Britain's Navy. Retrieved 18 Sep 2013.
- Ossian, Robert. "Complete List of Sailing Vessels". The Pirate King. Retrieved 13 April 2011.
- Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. (1978). The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons & Warfare 11. London: Phoebus. pp. 1137–1142.
- Jane's Fighting Ships of World War II. New Jersey: Random House. 1996. p. 68. ISBN 0-517-67963-9.
- Blake, Nicholas; Lawrence, Richard (2005). The Illustrated Companion to Nelson's Navy. Stackpole Books. pp. 39–63. ISBN 0-8117-3275-4.
- Chesneau, Roger; Gardiner, Robert (June 1980). Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships (1922-1946). Naval Institute Press. p. 62. ISBN 0-87021-913-8.
- Milner, Marc (1985). North Atlantic Run. Naval Institute Press. pp. 117–119, 142–145, 158, 175–176, 226, 235, 285–291. ISBN 0-87021-450-0.
- "HMCS Spikenard (K 198)". Uboat.net. Retrieved 28 July 2013.
- Macpherson, Ken; Burgess, John (1981). The ships of Canada's naval forces 1910-1981 : a complete pictorial history of Canadian warships. Toronto: Collins. pp. 86, 157. ISBN 0-00216-856-1.
- Macpherson, Ken; Milner, Marc (1993). Corvettes of the Royal Canadian Navy 1939-1945. St. Catharines: Vanwell Publishing. ISBN 0-92027-783-7.
- German, Tony (1990). The Sea is at our Gates : The History of the Canadian Navy. Toronto: McClelland and Stewart Inc. p. 112. ISBN 0-7710-3269-2.
- HMCS Spikenard at the Arnold Hague Convoy Database
- Hazegray. "Flower Class". Canadian Navy of Yesterday and Today. Retrieved 25 July 2013.
- Ready, Aye, Ready. "HMCS Spikenard". Retrieved 25 July 2013.