HMS Starfish (1895)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Starfish.
Career
Name: HMS Starfish
Ordered: 8 November 1893
Builder: Vickers
Laid down: 22 March 1894
Launched: 26 January 1895
Commissioned: January 1896
Fate: Sold 1912
General characteristics
Class & type: Sturgeon-class destroyer
Displacement: 300 long tons (300 t) light,
340 long tons (350 t) deep load
Length: 194 ft 6 in (59.28 m) oa
190 feet (57.91 m) pp
Beam: 19 ft (5.79 m)
Draught: 7 ft 7 in (2.31 m)
Installed power: 4,000 ihp (2,983 kW)
Propulsion: 4 × Blechynden boilers,
2 × Vertical Triple Expansion steam engines
Speed: 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph)
Range: 1,370 nmi (2,540 km; 1,580 mi) at 11 kn (20 km/h; 13 mph)
Complement: 53
Armament: 1 × 12 pounder gun
5 × QF 6-pdr 8 cwt
2 × 18 inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes

HMS Starfish was a Sturgeon class destroyer which served with the Royal Navy. Built by Vickers, she was launched in 1895 and sold in 1912.

Construction and design[edit]

On 8 November 1893, the British Admiralty placed an order with the Naval Construction and Armament Company of Barrow-in-Furness (later to become part of Vickers) for three "Twenty-Seven Knotter" destroyers as part of the 1893–1894 construction programme for the Royal Navy,[1] with in total, 36 destroyers being ordered from various shipbuilders for this programme.[2]

The Admiralty only laid down a series of broad requirements for the destroyers, leaving detailed design to the ships' builders. The requirements included a trial speed of 27 knots (31 mph; 50 km/h), a "turtleback" forecastle and a standard armament of a QF 12 pounder 12 cwt (3 in (76 mm) calibre) gun on a platform on the ship's conning tower (in practice the platform was also used as the ship's bridge), with a secondary armament of five 6-pounder guns, and two 18-inch (450 mm) torpedo tubes.[3][4][5]

The Naval Construction and Armament Company produced a design with a length of 194 feet 6 inches (59.28 m) overall and 190 feet (57.91 m) between perpendiculars, with a beam of 19 feet (5.79 m) and a draught of 7 feet 7 inches (2.31 m). Displacement was 300 long tons (300 t) light and 340 long tons (350 t) deep load.[1] Three funnels were fitted, with the foremast between the ship's bridge and the first funnel.[6][7] Four Blechyndnen water-tube boilers fed steam at 200 pounds per square inch (1,400 kPa) to two three-cylinder triple expansion steam engines rated at 4,000 indicated horsepower (3,000 kW).[1][8] 60 tons of coal were carried,[9] giving a range of 1,370 nautical miles (2,540 km; 1,580 mi) at a speed of 11 knots (20 km/h; 13 mph).[10] The ship's crew was 53 officers and men.[10]

HMS Starfish was laid down on 22 March 1894 as the second of Naval Construction and Armament Company's three destroyers, and was launched on 26 January 1895.[1] During sea trials in October 1895, Starfish made an average speed of 27.87 knots (51.62 km/h; 32.07 mph) over six runs over a measured mile, meeting the 27 knots (50 km/h; 31 mph) requirement of the specification.[8] Starfish was commissioned in January 1896.[1]

Service[edit]

Starfish served throughout her career in home waters, being prone to failures of her propeller brackets, which were made of forged scrap iron.[1] In 1900–1901, Starfish was used in tests of a modified spar torpedo for use as an anti-submarine weapon. The 42 feet (13 m) long spar, carrying an explosive charge, would be swung out and immersed in the water in action, and detonated as the submarine was passed.[6][11]

Starfish was attached to the torpedo school HMS Vernon at Portsmouth in 1901,[12] taking place in the 1901 Naval Manoeuvres.[13] In April 1903, Starfish was used for trials of the use of kites designed by Samuel Cody for lifting radio antennae.[14]

Starfish was laid up at Devonport for disposal in 1910,[12] and was sold for scrap to Ward of Preston on 15 May 1912.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f Lyon 2001, p. 69.
  2. ^ Lyon 2001, p. 19.
  3. ^ Lyon 2001, p. 20.
  4. ^ Lyon 2001, pp. 98–99.
  5. ^ Friedman 2009, p. 40.
  6. ^ a b Friedman 2009, p. 50.
  7. ^ Manning 1961, p. 38.
  8. ^ a b The Engineer 11 October 1895, p. 365.
  9. ^ Brassey 1902, p. 274.
  10. ^ a b Friedman 2009, p. 291.
  11. ^ Brassey 1902, pp. 146–147.
  12. ^ a b "NMM, vessel ID 376329". Warship Histories, vol v. National Maritime Museum. Retrieved 7 June 2014. 
  13. ^ Brassey 1902, pp. 86, 91.
  14. ^ Layman 1994, pp. 38–39.
  15. ^ Lyon 2001, p. 70.
  • Brassey, T.A. (1902). The Naval Annual 1902. Portsmouth, UK: J. Griffin and Co. 
  • Friedman, Norman (2009). British Destroyers: From Earliest Days to the Second World War. Barnsley, UK: Seaforth Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84832-049-9. 
  • Layman, R. D. (1994). "Naval Kite Trials". In Roberts, John. Warship 1994. London: Conway Maritime Press. pp. pp. 35–51. ISBN 0-85177-630-2. 
  • Lyon, David (2001). The First Destroyers. London: Caxton Editions. ISBN 1-84067-3648. 
  • Manning, Captain T.D. (1961). The British Destroyer. Putnam and Co. 
  • Manning, Captain T.D. The British Destroyer. Godfrey Cave Associates. ISBN 0-906223-13-X. 
  • "Speed Trials of the Torpedo Boat Destroyer Starfish". The Engineer. Vol. 80: p. 365. 11 October 1895.