HMS Storm (P233)

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HMS Storm.JPG
HMS Storm
Career Royal Navy Ensign
Name: HMS Storm (P233)
Builder: Cammell Laird & Co Limited, Birkenhead
Yard number: J.3067
Laid down: 23 June 1942
Launched: 18 May 1943
Commissioned: 9 July 1943
Struck: 1949
Fate: September 1949, scrapped at Troon, Scotland.
Badge: HMS Storm badge.jpg
General characteristics
Displacement: 814-872 tons surfaced
990 tons submerged
Length: 217 ft (66 m)
Beam: 23 ft 6 in (7.16 m)
Draught: 14.3 ft (4.4 m)
Propulsion: Diesel engines: 2x8 cylinder 950hp Brotherhoods.
Electric motors: Metro-Vickers.
Speed: 14.75 knots surfaced
8 knots submerged
Test depth: 380 ft (120 m)
Complement: 6 officers, 43 ratings (at end of wartime commission)
Armament: 6 x forward 21-inch torpedo tubes, one aft
13 torpedoes
one three-inch gun
one 20 mm Oerlikon cannon
three .303-calibre machine gun

HMS Storm was an S-class submarine of the Royal Navy, and part of the third group built of that class. She was built by Cammell Laird and launched on 18 May 1943. So far, she is the only RN ship to bear the name Storm.

She served in the Far East, from Trincomalee in modern Sri Lanka and from Perth, Australia. She was notable for being the first submarine to be commanded by a British officer from the Royal Naval Volunteer Reserve, Commander Edward Young, DSO, DSC and bar.[1]

Career[edit]

After sea trials and working up in Holy Loch and Scapa Flow, Storm's first (and uneventful) patrol was to the Norwegian coast, north of the Arctic Circle. The day after Boxing Day 1943 she departed Holy Loch for the long passage to Ceylon (modern Sri Lanka) via Gibraltar and the Suez Canal, arriving in Trincomalee on 20 February 1944.[2]

Her first patrol in the Far East was to the Malacca Straits between Malaya and Sumatra, both then occupied by the Japanese. On 11 March 1944 she sank her first victim, a 500 ton coaster, with gunfire. In April she patrolled to the Andaman Islands in the Bay of Bengal south of Rangoon and on 14 April made her first sinking by torpedo, a 3,500 ton merchant vessel. The following day Storm attacked a merchant ship that was escorted by what was originally identified as an Destroyer, but was actually a Minesweeper, plus a Submarine Chaser and one other anti-submarine ship. She sank the Minesweeper, W-7, with torpedoes.[3][4] Storm's third patrol was a so-called "cloak-and-dagger" operation, to land a local agent on an island off the northern tip of Sumatra. This ended in failure when men in an inflatable dinghy sent out to retrieve the agent from the island heard him calling from the shore at night. His voice was coming from the wrong location, and sounded strained: the dinghy retreated and Japanese machine guns opened up. The dinghy occupants made it safely back to the submarine, but the fate of the agent was unknown. The fourth patrol was back to the Malacca Straits and a third victim was sunk by torpedo; this time a Japanese submarine-chaser. A subsequent patrol led to the taking of Japanese prisoners who were brought back to Trincomalee, the first such captures of the war.[5]

Storm returns to Portsmouth at the end of her last patrol.

In September 1944 Storm was deployed to Fremantle in Western Australia. The distance to the cruising grounds around Java and Celebes were so great that one of her ballast tanks was converted to carry diesel fuel in order to manage the 4,800 mile round trip. In November several schooners and other small craft carrying nickel ore were sunk. In January 1945 Storm briefly held the record - 37 days - for a patrol by an S-class boat, covering 7,151 miles in the process. However this was her last patrol, and she received orders to return home. She finally did so on 8 April 1945, flying the traditional Jolly Roger flag to signify the end of a successful patrol. Since leaving her builders she had travelled 71,000 miles and spent over 1,400 hours under water - the equivalent of 60 days and nights.[6]

The cover of Young's book describing HMS Storm's wartime experiences.

One Of Our Submarines[edit]

Before the war Storm's Captain, Edward Young, had been in publishing, and when he returned to the trade he described his wartime service in the book One Of Our Submarines (including his account of the loss of HMS Umpire (N82)).

It was first published in 1952 by Rupert Hart-Davis, with a foreword by Admiral Sir George Creasy. The book was designed by typographer (and RNR) Ruari McLean and the endpapers feature a cross-section diagram of Storm.[7]

The title was later issued in 1954 as the 1,000th publication from Penguin Books, and Young designed the cover.[8] As a 21-year old office junior before the war, Young had previously designed the famous "triple stripe" standard Penguin cover, as well as the first version of the Penguin logo.[9] A model of HMS Storm is on display in the Royal Navy Submarine Museum in Gosport[10] along with the medals won by its captain.

In fiction[edit]

HMS Storm is the name of a British World War II submarine raised from the Pacific Ocean and used to defeat a terrorist attack in the 1985 thriller Voyage of the Storm written by Bart Davis.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lt Cdr Freddie Sherwood, a Canadian RNVR officer was the first RNVR officer of any Commonwealth nation to command a submarine, HMS Spiteful.
  2. ^ Young (1954) pp. 135–192.
  3. ^ Young (1954) pp. 193–234.
  4. ^ "Japanese Minesweepers". Combinedfleet.com. Retrieved 16 April 2013. 
  5. ^ Young (1954) pp. 235–282.
  6. ^ Young (1954) pp. 283–308.
  7. ^ Young (1952) endpapers.
  8. ^ Young (1954) back cover.
  9. ^ van der Dat, Dan (4 February 2003). "Edward Young (obituary)". The Guardian. 
  10. ^ "Model of HMS Storm". Gosport: Royal Navy Submarine Museum. Archived from the original on 31 Aug 2010. Retrieved 1 Nov 2011. 

Bibliography[edit]