HMS Sulphur (1826)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other ships of the same name, see HMS Sulphur.
Career
Name: HMS Sulphur
Ordered: 18 May 1819
Builder: Chatham Dockyard, Kent
Laid down: May 1824
Launched: 26 January 1826
Completed: 21 February 1826
Reclassified: Converted to survey ship, December 1835.
Receiving ship at Woolwich from May 1843.
Fate: Broken up by 20 November 1857
General characteristics
Class & type: Hecla-class bomb vessel
Tons burthen: 372 194 tons bm
Length: 105 ft (32.0 m) (overall)
86 ft 1.25 in (26.2 m) (keel)
Beam: 28 ft 6 in (8.7 m)
Depth of hold: 13 ft 10 in (4.22 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged
Complement: 67
Armament: 10 × 24-pounder carronades
2 × 6-pounder guns
1 × 13-inch (330 mm) mortar
1 × 10-inch (250 mm) mortar

HMS Sulphur was a 10-gun Hecla-class bomb vessel of the British Royal Navy, famous as one of the ships in which Edward Belcher explored the Pacific coast of the Americas.

Ship history[edit]

Sulphur was launched in 1826, and in 1829 was the ship which carried Lieutenant-Colonel Frederick Irwin, officers, passengers and a detachment of troops from the 63rd Regiment to the Swan River Colony.[1] She was converted into a survey ship in 1835 was sent along with the HMS Starling to the Pacific Ocean. Captain Frederick Beechey commanded the expedition under orders to survey the Pacific coast "from Valparaíso to 63°30' N."[2] By the time the ship reached Valparaíso on 9 June 1836 however, Beechey became too ill to continue leading the vessel and departed for the United Kingdom. Henry Kellett replaced Beechey and sailed for Panama City where the expedition waited for a replacement officer. Edward Belcher arrived at the port in March 1837 as the new officer and the expedition continued its operations, sailing for the Federal Republic of Central America.

The Sulphur reached the capital of Russian America New Archangel, on 11 September where Governor Ivan Kupreyanov greeted the British with a colonial ball. After departing south, the Sulpher reached the site of the first Nootka Convention, Yuquot, on 3 October.[3] After meeting with local Nuu-chah-nulth dignitaries, the British vessel then went to the mouth of the Columbia River. Bad weather prevented the ship from visited from Fort Vancouver and instead sailed south for Yerba Buena in Alta California.[4] The Sulphur returned to the Columbia River on 28 July 1839.[5] After visiting Fort Vancouver the expedition went south, reaching San Blas on 24 November,[6] where it remained until December. Sailing for the Marquesas Islands, the Sulphur reached the archipelago in January 1840. She participated in the First Opium War between 1840 and 1841. The ship was used to survey the harbour of Hong Kong in 1841 and returned to England in 1842. She was used for harbour service from 1843, and was broken up by 20 November 1859, by then the last bomb vessel on the Navy List.

Sulphur Channel on the north shore of Hong Kong Island was named after the ship.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Western Australian Genealogical Society Inc. (WAGS)
  2. ^ Blecher, Edward. Narrative of a Voyage round the World performed in H.M.S. Sulphur, 1836-1842. Vol. 1. London: Henry Colburn. 1843, p. 3.
  3. ^ Belcher (1843), p. 107.
  4. ^ Belcher (1843), p. 114.
  5. ^ Belcher (1843), p. 288.
  6. ^ Belcher (1843), p. 338.

References[edit]

External links[edit]