HMS Tapir (P335)

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HMS Tapir (P335).png
HMS Tapir
Career
Name: HMS Tapir
Ordered: 1941
Builder: Vickers Armstrong, Barrow
Laid down: 29 March 1943
Launched: 21 August 1944
Commissioned: 30 December 1944
Fate: Transferred to the Royal Netherlands Navy in 1948
Badge:
TAPIR badge-1-.jpg
Career
Name: HNLMS Zeehond (P335)
Commissioned: 12 July 1948
Fate: Transferred to the Royal Navy in 1953
Career
Name: HMS Tapir
Commissioned: 16 December 1953
Fate: Scrapped in 1966
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,290 tons surfaced
1,560 tons submerged
Length: 276 ft 6 in (84.28 m)
Beam: 25 ft 6 in (7.77 m)
Draught:

12 ft 9 in (3.89 m) forward

14 ft 7 in (4.45 m) aft
Propulsion:

Two shafts
Twin diesel engines 2,500 hp (1.86 MW) each

Twin electric motors 1,450 hp (1.08 MW) each
Speed:

15.5 knots (28.7 km/h) surfaced

9 knots (20 km/h) submerged
Range: 4,500 nautical miles at 11 knots (8,330 km at 20 km/h) surfaced
Test depth: 300 ft (91 m) max
Complement: 61
Armament:

6 internal forward-facing torpedo tubes
2 external forward-facing torpedo tubes
2 external amidships rear-facing torpedo tubes
1 external rear-facing torpedo tubes
6 reload torpedoes
4 inch (100 mm) deck gun

3 anti aircraft machine guns

HMS Tapir (P335) was a Second World War British T class submarine, built by Vickers-Armstrong in Barrow-in-Furness. So far she has been the only ship of the Royal Navy to bear the name Tapir, after the animal.

Career[edit]

As HMS Tapir[edit]

The submarine was laid down on the 29th of March 1943, and launched on 21 August 1944. Commissioned into the Royal Navy on the 30th of December of that year, she led a distinguished career for such a late entry into the war, torpedoing the German submarine U-486 in the North Sea, to the north-west of Bergen, Norway at position 60°44′N 04°39′E / 60.733°N 4.650°E / 60.733; 4.650 on 12 April 1945, under the command of Lt J.C.Y. Roxbourgh, DSO, DSC, RN.[1]

As HNLMS Zeehond (2)[edit]

On 18 June 1948, she was deemed surplus to requirements, and was loaned to the Netherlands for a period of five years, being commissioned into the Royal Netherlands Navy as HNLMS Zeehond (2) (P335) on 12 July 1948. She served under the command of Ltz I Baron J.H. Mackay from 12 July 1948, until 30 April 1949, when, together with O24 and Hr.Ms. Van Kinsbergen, she visited Curaçao. Gravity measurements were taken during the trip (the first Dutch ones following the war) and the Zeehond (2) conducted a long snorkel trip on the way back. She was placed back under the command of Ltz Mackay until 28 November 1949, and had a rather quiet career under several commanders, until she was transferred back to the Royal Navy on 15 July 1953, finally being re-commissioned and renamed Tapir on 16 December of that year.[2]

HMS Tapir was scrapped at Faslane in December 1966.

Exercises[edit]

June to July 1949: Zeehond (2) participates in Exercise Victory.

November 1949: Zeehond (2) and Dolfijn (2) participate in a Royal Navy exercise.

13–26 September 1952: Zeehond (2) participates in the NATO exercise Mainbrace.

Commanders[edit]

  • 29 March 1943 - 18 June 1948: (as HMS Tapir) Lt. J.C.Y. Roxbourgh, DSO, DSC, RN
  • 12 July 1948 - 30 April 1949: (as Zeehond (2)) Ltz. I Baron J.H. Mackay.
  • 4 June - 28 November 1949: Ltz. I Baron J.H. Mackay.
  • 28 November 1949 - 15 October 1950: Ltz. I C.E. Wolderling.
  • 5–27 February 1951: Ltz. I C.E. Wolderling.
  • 27 February - 24 April 1951: Ltz. I R. van Wely.
  • 24 April 1951 - 12 January 1953: Ltz. I C.E. Wolderling.
  • 12 January - 1 June 1953: Ltz. I S. van Ravesteijn.

References[edit]

  1. ^ HMS Tapir, Uboot.net
  2. ^ HNLMS Zeehond (2), dutchsubmarines.com