HMS Tireless (S88)
HMS Tireless (S88) at the North Pole, April 2004
|Ordered:||5 July 1979|
|Builder:||Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering, Barrow-in-Furness|
|Laid down:||6 June 1981|
|Launched:||17 March 1984|
|Sponsored by:||Sue Squires|
|Commissioned:||5 October 1985|
|Homeport:||HMNB Devonport, Plymouth|
|Identification:||Pennant number: S88|
|Fate:||in active service, as of 2014[update]|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Trafalgar-class submarine|
|Displacement:||4,800 tonnes, surfaced
5,300 tonnes, dived
|Length:||85.4 m (280 ft)|
|Beam:||9.8 m (32 ft)|
|Draught:||9.5 m (31 ft)|
|Installed power:||15,000 shp (11 MW)|
|Speed:||32 knots (59 km/h) dived|
|Range:||Unlimited, except by food supplies and maintenance requirements.|
|Complement:||130 (18 officers)|
|Ferranti/Gresham Dowty DCB/DCG or BAE Systems SMCS data system, Type 2072 hull-mounted flank array passive sonar, Plessey Type 2020 or Marconi/Plessey Type 2074 hull-mounted active and passive search and attack sonar, Ferranti Type 2046 or TUS 2076 towed array passive search sonar, Thomson Sintra Type 2019 PARIS or Thorn EMI 2082 passive intercept and ranging sonar, Marconi Type 2077 short range active classification sonar, Kelvin Hughes Type 1007 I band navigation radar, Pilkington Optronics CK34 search periscope, Pilkington Optronics CH84/CM010 attack periscope|
5 x 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes with stowage for up to 30 weapons;
HMS Tireless is a Trafalgar-class nuclear submarine of the Royal Navy and is the third vessel of her class. Tireless is the second submarine of the Royal Navy to bear this name. She was launched in March 1984, sponsored by Sue Squires, wife of Admiral 'Tubby' Squires, and commissioned in October 1985.
- 1 Operational history
- 2 References
- 3 External links
From commissioning in 1985, over the next six years Tireless completed numerous exercises and visits around the world, including a trip to the Arctic in 1991. In early 1996, she entered refit and returned to sea in 1999.
Primary coolant leak
In May 2000, Tireless developed a serious leak in the nuclear reactor primary cooling circuit, although there was no leak of radioactive material. The nuclear propulsion system was shut down and using backup diesel power Tireless made her way to Gibraltar. The damage was found to be more extensive than first thought, and the boat remained on the 'Rock', creating diplomatic tension between Spain and Britain, until she left on 7 May 2001, nearly a year later following extensive repairs. During that year, all Trafalgar-class submarines were inspected for similar problems.
Collision with iceberg
On 13 May 2003, while on exercise in the Arctic and travelling at a depth of 60 metres, Tireless collided with an iceberg. There was no prior warning of the impending collision from her passive sonar or other onboard sensors. The submarine's bow was forced down nine degrees and the vessel subsequently broke free of the iceberg at a depth of 78 metres. Some damage was sustained to the upper section of the boat. Before the incident, the Royal Navy had not conducted under-ice operations since 1996.
Tireless again angered Spain in 2004 when the boat put into Gibraltar from 9 to 15 July for what was explained as "technical reasons." Britain assured Spain that the port call was unrelated to the British celebrations, on 21 July, of the 300th anniversary of Spain handing over Gibraltar to Britain.
March 2007 explosion
On 21 March, two Tireless crew members, Leading Operator Mechanic Paul McCann and Operator Maintainer (Weapons Submariner) 2 Anthony Huntrod, were killed in an explosion on board, apparently caused by an oxygen generator candle in the forward section of the submarine. The boat was in service near the North Pole under ICEX-07 along with the USS Alexandria and had to make an emergency surface through the ice cap. A third crewmember suffered "non life-threatening" injuries and was airlifted to a military hospital at Elmendorf Air Force Base near Anchorage, Alaska. According to the Royal Navy, the accident did not affect the submarine's nuclear reactor, and the boat sustained only superficial damage. Part of the exercise was being used to measure ice thickness by using sonar. The film Stargate: Continuum—which was filming on the ice and in the Alexandria during the exercise—was dedicated to McCann and Huntrod.
From 9 July 2010 to 12 May 2011, Tireless undertook a ten month deployment, spending 253 days at sea, the longest conducted by a Royal Navy submarine in ten years. During the deployment the boat passed through the Suez Canal for the first time, provided protection for the French aircraft carrier Charles de Gaulle launching aircraft over Afghanistan, and called into the ports of Fujairah in the United Arab Emirates, Goa in India and Souda Bay in Crete. She was also involved in a multi-nation anti-submarine exercise in the Gulf of Oman which saw the Australian frigate HMAS Melbourne and the French frigate FS Dupleix attempt to hunt her down.
2012 South Atlantic deployment
In February 2012, it was reported that either Tireless or HMS Turbulent was being deployed to the Falkland Islands amid increasing tension between Argentina and the United Kingdom over sovereignty of the islands.
2013 Coolant leak
2013 Mediterranean deployment
HMS Tireless was spotted off The Rock amidst the tensions between Spain and the UK over the disputed territory of Gibraltar. It was suggested that this SSN could be a key vessel used to strike Syria if military action occurred.
2014 Indian Ocean search - Malaysian Airlines flight MH370
On 1 April 2014, HMS Tireless arrived in the southern Indian Ocean to join the search for a missing Malaysian airliner, where its sophisticated underwater listening equipment will be used to attempt to detect the underwater locator beacon of the aircraft's flight recorders.
- "Trafalgar Class". Royal Navy. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- Graham, Ian, Attack Submarine, Gloucester Publishing, Oct 1989, page 12. ISBN 978-0-531-17156-1
- Hansard HL Deb 14 March 2005 vol 670 c116WA quoted in House of Commons Defence Committee - Fourth Report, 12 Dec 2006
- John H. Large (March 2005), Forensic Assessments of the Nuclear Propulsion Plants of the Submarines HMS Tireless and RF Northern Fleet Kursk (PDF), Institution of Mechanical Engineers seminar: Forensic Investigation of Power Plant Failures, retrieved 2007-03-22
- "Nuclear sub leaves Gibraltar". BBC News. 7 May 2001. Retrieved 2010-05-23.
- Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster. "House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for 02 Nov 2010 (pt 0001)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- "Summary - BOI into the Collison of HMS Tireless on 13 May 2003" (PDF). Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- El 'Tireless' llega a la base naval de Gibraltar pese a las reiteradas protestas del Gobierno español, en diario El Mundo (spanish)
- Kindell, Don. "Casualty Lists of the Royal Navy, 1945-present". Archived from the original on 29 December 2013. Retrieved 29 December 2013.
- "Oxygen device sparked sub blast". BBC News. 22 March 2007. Retrieved 2007-03-22.
- "2 sailors killed in UK nuclear submarine accident". CNN. Retrieved 2007-03-22.
- "Tireless lives up to her name on ten month tour of duty". Navy News. May 2011.
- "Ministry of Defence | Defence News | Training and Adventure | HMS Tireless in multinational submarine exercise". Mod.uk. 13 October 2010. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- First Posted: 4/02/2012 09:46 Updated: 4/02/2012 13:01 (4 February 2012). "Falkland Islands: Nuclear Submarine Sent By Royal Navy To South Atlantic, According To Reports". Huffingtonpost.co.uk. Retrieved 31 October 2012.
- Rebecca Ricks (19 February 2013). "Devonport submarine HMS Tireless back in Plymouth after reactor coolant leak". Plymouth Herald. Retrieved 20 February 2013.
- "British nuclear submarine 'surfaces off Gibraltar' as row with Spain heats up". Daily Mail (London).
- "Syria crisis: Western military options". BBC News. 30 August 2013.
- BBC News item 1 April 2014
- Malaysia Airlines MH370: Submarine joins search as Malaysian PM Najib Razak arrives to inspect efforts, ABC Online, 2 April 2014
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