HMS Trafalgar (S107)
HMS Trafalgar, pictured during Tomahawk missile trials
|Career (United Kingdom)|
|Ordered:||7 April 1977|
|Builder:||Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Ltd|
|Laid down:||15 April 1979|
|Launched:||1 July 1981|
|Commissioned:||27 May 1983|
|Decommissioned:||4 December 2009|
|Homeport:||HMNB Devonport, Plymouth|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Trafalgar-class submarine|
|Displacement:||Surfaced: 4,740 tons
Dived: 5,208 tons
|Length:||280.1 ft (85.4 m)|
|Beam:||32.1 ft (9.8 m)|
|Draught:||31.2 ft (9.5 m)|
|Installed power:||15,000 shp (11 MW)|
Single Rolls Royce PWR1 nuclear reactor driving
|Speed:||Dived: 32 knots (59 km/h)|
|Operations:||Operation Veritas (Afghanistan)|
HMS Trafalgar is a decommissioned Trafalgar-class submarine of the Royal Navy. Unlike the rest of the Trafalgar-class boats that followed, she was not launched with a pump-jet propulsion system, but with a conventional 7-bladed propeller. Trafalgar was the fifth vessel of the Royal Navy to bear the name, after the 1805 Battle of Trafalgar.
After Operation Veritas, the attack on Al-Qaeda and Taliban forces following the 9/11 attacks in the United States, Trafalgar entered Plymouth Sound flying the Jolly Roger on 1 March 2002. She was welcomed back by Admiral Sir Alan West, Commander-in-Chief of the fleet and it emerged she was the first Royal Navy submarine to launch tomahawk cruise missiles against Afghanistan.
In November 2002, Trafalgar again ran aground close to the Isle of Skye, causing £5 million worth of damage to her hull and injuring three sailors. She was travelling 50 metres below the surface at more than 14 knots when Lieutenant-Commander Tim Green, a student in the "Perisher" course for new submarine commanders, ordered a course change that took her onto the rocks at Fladda-chuain, a small but well-charted islet. Commander Robert Fancy, responsible for navigation, and Commander Ian McGhie, an instructor, both pleaded guilty at court-martial to contributing to the accident. On 9 March 2004 the court reprimanded both for negligence. Green was not prosecuted, but received an administrative censure.
In May 2008 it was reported that the crash was caused by the chart being used in the exercise being covered with tracing paper, to prevent students marking it.
- Jane's Fighting Ships, 2004-2005. Jane's Information Group Limited. p. 796. ISBN 0-7106-2623-1.
- Graham, Ian, Attack Submarine, Gloucester Publishing, Oct 1989, page 12. ISBN 978-0-531-17156-1
- Trafalgar Returns[dead link]
- Daily Record
- Guardian report
- BBC News Submarine's final sailing to base
- Royal Navy official site
- MaritimeQuest HMS Trafalgar pages
- Pictures of Trafalgar's final voyage, BBC