Apollo-class cruiser

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HMS Spartan
HMS Spartan, pictured in Norwegian waters in 1904
Class overview
Operators:  Royal Navy
 Royal Canadian Navy
Preceded by: Pearl-class cruiser
Succeeded by: Astraea-class cruiser
Built: 1889–1892
In commission: 1889–1931
Completed: 21
Lost: 5
General characteristics
Displacement: 3,600 long tons (3,700 t)
Length: 314 ft (96 m)
Beam: 43 ft 6 in (13.26 m)
Draught: 17 ft 6 in (5.33 m)
Speed: 19.75 knots (22.73 mph; 36.58 km/h)
Complement: 273 to 300 officers and men
Armament:

2 × 6 in (150 mm) QF gun
6 × QF 4.7-inch (120 mm) guns[1]

8 × 6-pounder guns
2 to 4 × 14 in (360 mm) torpedo tubes

The Apollo class were a class of second-class protected cruisers built for the Royal Navy in the late 19th century that served during the Boer War and the First World War.

Latona, Apollo, Intrepid, Iphigenia, Andromache, Naiad and Thetis were converted into minelaying cruisers around 1907.

Service[edit]

Twenty-one of the Apollo class of second-class cruisers were built under the 1889 Naval Defence Act, along with eight to a modified design (the Astraea-class).

By the last year of the First World War, the surviving ships were outdated, and six of this class were converted into blockships to be scuttled in the entrances to enemy-occupied ports in Belgium. The cruisers Intrepid, Iphigenia and Thetis were expended on 23 April 1918 in the raid on Zeebrugge; Brilliant and Sirius were unsuccessfully expended in the similar raid on Ostend. A further attempt to block Ostend took place in May, with Sappho and Vindictive (the latter being of the Arrogant-class) as blockships, but Sappho broke down en route to Ostend and returned to port.

Ships[edit]

Apollo-class cruisers
Name Builder Laid down Launched Completed Fate
HMS Andromache Chatham Dockyard 29 April 1889 14 August 1890 December 1891 Broken up in 1920
HMS Apollo Chatham Dockyard 27 May 1889 10 February 1891 April 1892 Broken up in 1920
HMS Latona Vickers,
Barrow-in-Furness
22 August 1889 22 May 1890 April 1891 Sold in 1920
HMS Melampus Vickers,
Barrow-in-Furness
30 August 1889 2 August 1890 December 1891 Broken up in 1910
HMS Naiad Vickers,
Barrow-in-Furness
3 October 1889 29 November 1890 January 1892 Broken up in 1922
HMS Sappho Samuda Brothers, Poplar 29 October 1889 9 May 1891 February 1893 Broken up in 1921
HMS Scylla Samuda Brothers, Poplar 29 October 1889 17 October 1891 April 1893 Broken up in 1914
HMS Sybille Robert Stephenson, Hebburn 11 October 1889 27 December 1890 May 1894 Wrecked in 1901
HMS Terpsichore J & G Thomson, Clydebank 27 August 1889 30 October 1890 April 1892 Broken up in 1914
HMS Thetis J & G Thomson, Clydebank 29 October 1889 13 December 1890 April 1892 Expended as blockship in 1918
HMS Tribune J & G Thomson, Clydebank 11 December 1889 24 February 1891 May 1892 Broken up in 1911
HMS Aeolus Devonport Dockyard 19 March 1890 13 November 1891 June 1893 Broken up in 1914
HMS Brilliant Sheerness Dockyard 24 March 1890 24 June 1891 April 1893 Expended as blockship in 1918
HMS Indefatigable London & Glasgow 6 September 1889 12 March 1891 April 1892 Broken up in 1913
HMS Intrepid London & Glasgow 6 September 1889 20 June 1891 November 1892 Expended as blockship in 1918
HMS Iphigenia London & Glasgow 17 March 1890 19 November 1891 May 1893 Expended as blockship in 1918
HMS Pique Palmers, Jarrow 30 October 1889 13 December 1890 March 1893 Broken up in 1911
HMS Rainbow Palmers, Jarrow 30 December 1889 25 March 1891 January 1893 1910 to Royal Canadian Navy as HMCS Rainbow. Sold in 1920
HMS Retribution Palmers, Jarrow 31 January 1890 6 August 1891 May 1893 Broken up in 1911
HMS Sirius Armstrong Mitchell, Elswick 7 October 1889 27 October 1890 April 1892 Expended as blockship in 1918
HMS Spartan Armstrong Mitchell, Elswick 16 December 1889 25 February 1891 July 1892 Broken up in 1931
Sources: Conway's 1860–1905, p. 77; Jane's, p. 62

See also[edit]

Right elevation and deck plan as depicted in Brassey's Naval Annual 1897

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Fifty Years in the Royal Navy" published 1919, page 88

External links[edit]