HMS Triumph (S93)

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HMS Triumph
HMS Triumph (S93)
Career (UK)
Ordered: 3 July 1986
Builder: Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering, Barrow-in-Furness
Laid down: 2 February 1987
Launched: 16 February 1991
Sponsored by: Mrs. Ann Hamilton
Commissioned: 2 October 1991
Homeport: HMNB Devonport, Plymouth
Fate: in active service, as of 2014
Badge: Triumph Crest.jpg
General characteristics [1]
Class & type: Trafalgar class submarine
Displacement: 4,800 tonnes, surfaced
5,300 tonnes, dived
Length: 85.4 m (280 ft)
Beam: 9.8 m (32 ft)
Draught: 9.5 m (31 ft)
Installed power: 15,000 shp (11 MW)
Propulsion:
Speed: 32 knots (59 km/h) dived
Range: Unlimited, except by food supplies and maintenance requirements.
Complement: 130 (18 officers)
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • Ferranti/Gresham Dowty DCB/DCG or BAE Systems SMCS data system
  • Type 2072 hull-mounted flank array passive sonar
  • Plessey Type 2020 or Marconi/Plessey Type 2074 hull-mounted active and passive search and attack sonar
  • Ferranti Type 2046 or TUS 2076 towed array passive search sonar
  • Thomson Sintra Type 2019 PARIS or Thorn EMI 2082 passive intercept and ranging sonar
  • Marconi Type 2077 short range active classification sonar
  • Kelvin Hughes Type 1007 I band navigation radar
  • Pilkington Optronics CK34 search periscope
  • Pilkington Optronics CH84/CM010 attack periscope
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • 2 × SSE Mk 8 launchers for Type 2066 and Type 2071 torpedo decoys
  • RESM Racal UAP passive intercept
  • CESM Outfit CXA
  • SAWCS decoys carried from 2002
Armament:

5 x 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes with stowage for up to 30 weapons;

HMS Triumph is a Trafalgar-class nuclear submarine of the Royal Navy and was the seventh and final boat of her class. She is the nineteenth nuclear-powered submarine built for the Royal Navy. Triumph is the tenth vessel, and the second submarine to bear the name. The first HMS Triumph was a 68-gun galleon built in 1561.

Triumph was laid down in 1987 by Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Limited and launched in February 1991 by Mrs. Ann Hamilton, wife of the then Armed Forces Minister Archie Hamilton.[3] She was commissioned in October that same year.

In 2005, Triumph began a £300 million nuclear refuel and refitting period which also saw the installation of an updated 2076 bow, flank and towed array sonar and a new command and control system. The boat rejoined the fleet in June 2010 and is due to be the last of the Trafalgar-class submarines to be decommissioned, scheduled for 2022.[3][4]

Operational history[edit]

Triumph sailed to Australia in 1993, travelling 41,000 miles (66,000 km) submerged without support—the longest solo deployment so far by a Royal Navy nuclear submarine.[5] In that same year, author Tom Clancy published a book called Submarine: a Guided Tour Inside a Nuclear Warship which was centered around Triumph and USS Miami.

War in Afghanistan[edit]

After the 9/11 attacks in the USA, Triumph, along with her sister-ship Trafalgar, formed part of a task group in 2001 as part of the American-led invasion of Afghanistan, Britain's contribution being known as Operation Veritas.[5]

During Operation Veritas, Triumph launched Tomahawk missiles at targets inside Afghanistan. When Triumph returned home after operations had ended, the boat flew the Jolly Roger, the traditional way of denoting live weapons had been fired.[6]

On 19 November 2000, Triumph ran aground travelling at 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph) and at a depth of 200 metres while off the western Scottish coast. The boat surfaced in a safe and controlled fashion. She was under the command of trainee officers and an investigation attributed the grounding to poor navigation. Triumph suffered only superficial damage.[7]

Triumph was also featured in the TV programme "How to Command a Nuclear Submarine" in 2011 in which trainee commanding officers are shown on the Navy's "Perisher Course".

Libya Operations[edit]

In March 2011, she participated in Operation Ellamy, firing Tomahawk cruise missiles on 19 March, 20 March and again on 24 March at Libyan air defence targets. One of these strikes hit a command and control centre in Colonel Gaddafi's presidential compound.[3] Triumph returned to Devonport on 3 April 2011 flying a Jolly Roger adorned with six small tomahawk axes to indicate the missiles fired by the submarine in the operation.[8][9][10][11][12][13]

Eleven weeks later on 20 June upon her return to Devonport, in the interim having deployed for a second deployment in the Mediterranean and relieving HMS Turbulent, she once again flew the Jolly Roger adorned with tomahawks, indicating that further cruise missile strikes had taken place in Libya as part of the ongoing operations there.[14] Analysts believe that in total more than 15 cruise missiles were fired by the submarine during the operations.[15]

2011/2012 Deployment[edit]

In November 2011, Triumph sailed from her home port in Devonport for a seventh month deployment that will see her away from the UK until summer 2012. The deployment will see her operate in a wide range of locations including the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean.[16]

2013[edit]

It was reported in May 2013 that her refit was completed and that she has returned to operational duties.[17]

Home port and affiliations[edit]

Triumph is part of the Devonport Flotilla based at Devonport.

She is currently affiliated with:

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ All boats have a pump jet propulsor with the exception of Trafalgar which was fitted with a 7-bladed conventional propeller.[2]
References
  1. ^ "Trafalgar Class". Royal Navy. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  2. ^ Graham, Ian, Attack Submarine, Gloucester Publishing, Oct 1989, page 12. ISBN 978-0-531-17156-1
  3. ^ a b c [1][dead link]
  4. ^ Department of the Official Report (Hansard), House of Commons, Westminster. "House of Commons Hansard Written Answers for 17 Nov 2008 (pt 0035)". Publications.parliament.uk. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  5. ^ a b "HMS Triumph returns from Libya operations". GOV.UK. 4 April 2011. 
  6. ^ "Home and away over Christmas". Navy News. 24 December 2001. 
  7. ^ [2][dead link]
  8. ^ Nick Hopkins (20 March 2011). "Air strikes clear the skies but leave endgame uncertain". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 21 March 2010. 
  9. ^ "RAF strikes against Gaddafi's forces branded 'a success' as bombed out tanks and cars litter the roads near Benghazi". Daily Mail (London). 21 March 2011. 
  10. ^ "Missiles target Libyan air defences". Navy News. 21 March 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2010. [dead link]
  11. ^ "Reporting from the Fleet". Navy News. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  12. ^ "Reporting from the Fleet". Navy News. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  13. ^ "Daring at the heart of stunning maritime spectacle in Sydney". Navynews.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  14. ^ "Reporting from the Fleet". Navy News. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  15. ^ "No end in sight as RAF marks 100 days over Libya". BBC News. 4 October 2011. 
  16. ^ "Reporting from the Fleet". Navy News. 2011-11-10. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  17. ^ "130521-Triumph returns to op duties". Royal Navy. 2013-05-21. Retrieved 2013-10-07. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "HMS Triumph - affiliations". Royal Navy website. Retrieved 2011-05-25. 

External links[edit]