HMS Triumph (S93)
||This article uses bare URLs for citations. (December 2012)|
HMS Triumph (S93)
|Ordered:||3 July 1986|
|Builder:||Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Limited|
|Laid down:||2 February 1987|
|Launched:||16 February 1991|
|Sponsored by:||Mrs. Ann Hamilton|
|Commissioned:||2 October 1991|
|Homeport:||HMNB Devonport, Plymouth|
|Fate:||in active service, as of 2013[update]|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Trafalgar class submarine|
|Displacement:||4,800 tonnes, surfaced
5,300 tonnes, dived
|Length:||85.4 m (280 ft)|
|Beam:||9.8 m (32 ft)|
|Draught:||9.5 m (31 ft)|
|Installed power:||15,000 shp (11 MW)|
|Speed:||32 knots (59 km/h) dived|
|Range:||Unlimited, except by food supplies and maintenance requirements.|
|Complement:||130 (18 officers)|
|Ferranti/Gresham Dowty DCB/DCG or BAE Systems SMCS data system, Type 2072 hull-mounted flank array passive sonar, Plessey Type 2020 or Marconi/Plessey Type 2074 hull-mounted active and passive search and attack sonar, Ferranti Type 2046 or TUS 2076 towed array passive search sonar, Thomson Sintra Type 2019 PARIS or Thorn EMI 2082 passive intercept and ranging sonar, Marconi Type 2077 short range active classification sonar, Kelvin Hughes Type 1007 I band navigation radar, Pilkington Optronics CK34 search periscope, Pilkington Optronics CH84/CM010 attack periscope|
5 x 21-inch (533 mm) torpedo tubes with stowage for up to 30 weapons;
HMS Triumph is a Trafalgar-class nuclear submarine of the Royal Navy and was the seventh and final boat of her class. She is the nineteenth nuclear-powered submarine built for the Royal Navy. Triumph is the tenth vessel, and the second submarine to bear the name. The first HMS Triumph was a 68-gun galleon built in 1561.
Triumph was laid down in 1987 by Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Limited and launched in February 1991 by Mrs. Ann Hamilton, wife of the then Armed Forces Minister Archie Hamilton. She was commissioned in October that same year.
In 2005, Triumph began a £300 million nuclear refuel and refitting period which also saw the installation of an updated 2076 bow, flank and towed array sonar and a new command and control system. The boat rejoined the fleet in June 2010 and is due to be the last of the Trafalgar-class submarines to be decommissioned, scheduled for 2022.
Operational history 
Triumph sailed to Australia in 1993, travelling 41,000 miles (66,000 km) submerged without support—the longest solo deployment so far by a Royal Navy nuclear submarine. In that same year, author Tom Clancy published a book called Submarine: a Guided Tour Inside a Nuclear Warship which was centered around Triumph and USS Miami.
War in Afghanistan 
After the 9/11 attacks in the USA, Triumph, along with her sister-ship Trafalgar, formed part of a task group in 2001 as part of the American-led invasion of Afghanistan, Britain's contribution being known as Operation Veritas.
During Operation Veritas, Triumph launched Tomahawk missiles at targets inside Afghanistan. When Triumph returned home after operations had ended, the boat flew the Jolly Roger, the traditional way of denoting live weapons had been fired.
On 19 November 2000, Triumph ran aground travelling at 22 knots (41 km/h; 25 mph) and at a depth of 200 metres while off the western Scottish coast. The boat surfaced in a safe and controlled fashion. She was under the command of trainee officers and an investigation attributed the grounding to poor navigation. Triumph suffered only superficial damage.
Triumph was also featured in the TV programme "How to Command a Nuclear Submarine" in 2011 in which trainee commanding officers are shown on the Navy's "Perisher Course".
Libya Operations 
In March 2011, she participated in Operation Ellamy, firing Tomahawk cruise missiles on 19 March, 20 March and again on 24 March at Libyan air defence targets. One of these strikes hit a command and control centre in Colonel Gaddafi's presidential compound. Triumph returned to Devonport on 3 April 2011 flying a Jolly Roger adorned with six small tomahawk axes to indicate the missiles fired by the submarine in the operation.
Eleven weeks later on 20 June upon her return to Devonport, in the interim having deployed for a second deployment in the Mediterranean and relieving HMS Turbulent, she once again flew the Jolly Roger adorned with tomahawks, indicating that further cruise missile strikes had taken place in Libya as part of the ongoing operations there. Analysts believe that in total more than 15 cruise missiles were fired by the submarine during the operations.
2011/2012 Deployment 
In November 2011, Triumph sailed from her home port in Devonport for a seventh month deployment that will see her away from the UK until summer 2012. The deployment will see her operate in a wide range of locations including the Atlantic, the Mediterranean, the Arabian Sea and the Indian Ocean.
Home port and affiliations 
Triumph is part of the Devonport Flotilla based at Devonport.
She is currently affiliated with:
- Blackpool Borough Council
- Newton Abbot Town Council
- The Duke of Lancaster's Regiment
- Sussex University Royal Naval Unit
- Worshipful Company of Upholders
- TS Exmouth Sea Cadet Unit
- TS Amazon Sea Cadet Unit
- 1322 (Newton Abbot) Squadron Air Training Corps
- The Royal Naval Association (Newton Abbot Branch)
- The Royal British Legion (Newton Abbot Branch)
- Graham, Ian, Attack Submarine, Gloucester Publishing, Oct 1989, page 12. ISBN 978-0-531-17156-1
- "HMS Triumph returns from Libya operations". GOV.UK. 4 April 2011.
- "Home and away over Christmas". Navy News. 24 December 2001.
- Nick Hopkins (20 March 2011). "Air strikes clear the skies but leave endgame uncertain". London: The Guardian. Retrieved 21 March 2010.
- "RAF strikes against Gaddafi's forces branded 'a success' as bombed out tanks and cars litter the roads near Benghazi". Daily Mail (London). 21 March 2011.
- "Missiles target Libyan air defences". Navy News. 21 March 2011. Retrieved 23 March 2010.[dead link]
- "No end in sight as RAF marks 100 days over Libya". BBC News. 4 October 2011.
- "HMS Triumph - affiliations". Royal Navy website. Retrieved 2011-05-25.
- Royal Navy official site
- MaritimeQuest HMS Triumph S-93 pages
- Life on board nuclear submarine HMS Triumph (video), BBC, 30 July 2012