HMS Valiant (S102)
||This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations. (February 2012)|
Valiant in Florida in 1994
|Ordered:||31 August 1960|
|Laid down:||22 January 1962|
|Launched:||3 December 1963|
|Commissioned:||18 July 1966|
|Decommissioned:||12 August 1994|
|Class & type:||Valiant-class submarine|
|Displacement:||4,200 long tons (4,300 t) surfaced
4,900 long tons (5,000 t) submerged
|Length:||285 ft (87 m)|
|Beam:||33 ft 3 in (10.13 m)|
|Draught:||27 ft (8.2 m)|
|Propulsion:||1 × Rolls-Royce pressurised water reactor
2 × English Electric steam turbines, 15,000 hp (11 MW)
2 × Paxman diesel-electric generator
|Speed:||20 knots (23 mph; 37 km/h) surfaced
28 knots (32 mph; 52 km/h) submerged
|Range:||Unlimited, except by food supplies|
|Armament:||6 × 21 in (533 mm) bow torpedo tubes|
The sixth, and most recent HMS Valiant was the second of Britain's nuclear-powered submarines, and the first of the two-unit Valiant class. She was ordered on 31 August 1960, laid down 22 January 1962, launched on 3 December 1963 by Lady Thorneycroft, and finally entered service 18 July 1966.
She was refitted in 1970, 1977 and 1989, and participated in the Falklands War in 1982, when she transmitted more than 300 early air-warning alerts and spent 101 days on patrol off Argentina's Patagonian coast. Valiant suffered minor damage while submerged when an Argentine aircraft coming back from a mission jettisoned its bombs near the submarine.
Following the development of engine trouble in June 1994, she was paid off 12 August 1994.
During the HMNB Devonport Navy Days 2006, one of the members of the team working on the restoration of Courageous pointed out that Valiant was one of the first Royal Navy submarines to have her reactor removed (hence the box-like structures that are visible in the 2006 photograph, which penetrate deep into the pressure hull, later attempts on other vessels didn't require these structures). As Valiant had been cosmetically wrecked by this work, Courageous was selected for the museum ship to represent the SSN fleet of the Royal Navy during the Cold War. Components were removed from Valiant to restore Courageous.
- Moore, John, (1982). Janes Fighting Ships 1982-83, Jane's Publishing, p. 547. ISBN 0-7106-0742-3