HMS Vanguard (1678)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Vanguard and HMS Duke.
HMS Duke.jpg
HMS Vanguard as Duke, ca. 1750
Career (Great Britain) British-White-Ensign-1707.svg
Name: HMS Vanguard
Builder: Furzer, Portsmouth Dockyard
Launched: 1678
Renamed: HMS Duke, 1739
Honours and
awards:

Participated in:

Fate: Broken up, 1769
General characteristics as built[1]
Class & type: 90-gun second-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,482
Length: 160 ft (48.8 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 44 ft (13.4 m)
Depth of hold: 18 ft 5 in (5.6 m)
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full rigged ship
Armament: 90 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1710 rebuild[2]
Class & type: 1706 Establishment 90-gun second-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,551
Length: 162 ft (49.4 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 47 ft (14.3 m)
Depth of hold: 18 ft 6 in (5.6 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament:

90 guns:

  • Gundeck: 26 × 32 pdrs
  • Middle gundeck: 26 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 26 × 9 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 10 × 6 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 6 pdrs
General characteristics after 1739 rebuild[3]
Class & type: 1733 proposals 90-gun second rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1,625
Length: 174 ft (53.0 m) (gundeck)
Beam: 50 ft (15.2 m)
Depth of hold: 20 ft 6 in (6.2 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament:

90 guns:

  • Gundeck: 26 × 32 pdrs
  • Middle gundeck: 26 × 18 pdrs
  • Upper gundeck: 26 × 9 pdrs
  • Quarterdeck: 10 × 6 pdrs
  • Forecastle: 2 × 6 pdrs

HMS Vanguard was a 90-gun second-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at Portsmouth Dockyard and launched in 1678.[1]

She ran onto Goodwin Sands in 1690, but was fortunate enough to be hauled off by the boatmen of Deal.

Vanguard took part in the Battle of Barfleur as part of Edward Russell's fleet, and then in the following action at La Hougue when French ships were burned in 1692.

Vanguard sank in the Great Storm of 1703, while laid up in ordinary at Chatham Dockyard, but was raised in 1704 for rebuilding.[4] She was relaunched from Chatham on 2 August 1710 as a 90-gun second rate built to the 1706 Establishment.[2] In 1739 she was renamed HMS Duke, and rebuilt for a second time at Woolwich as a 90-gun second rate. She was rebuilt according to the 1733 proposals of the 1719 Establishment, and relaunched on 28 April 1739.[3]

Duke was broken up in 1769.[3]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p162.
  2. ^ a b Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p167.
  3. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line vol.1, p170.
  4. ^ Colledge, Ships of the Royal Navy.

References[edit]