HMVS Victoria (1855)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMVS Victoria.
Her Majesty's Colonial Steam Sloop Victoria, dressed for the visit of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh in 1867
Her Majesty's Colonial Steam Sloop Victoria, dressed for the visit of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh in 1867
Career (Victoria)
Launched: 30 June 1855
Acquired: 31 May 1856
Decommissioned: 1880
Homeport: Melbourne, Victoria
Fate: Sold into civilian service
General characteristics
Type: Sloop-of-war
Propulsion: Combined steam/sail
Armament:

In 1856:
1 x 9 ft 6 ins pivot gun
2 x 6 feet 25 cwt 32-pounder guns
In 1867:
4 x 32-pounder guns
1 x 40-pounder Armstrong BL pivot gun

2 x 12-pounder brass field gun

HMVS Victoria (Her Majesty's Victorian Ship; also referred to with the prefix HMCSS-Her Majesty's Colonial Steam Sloop) was a 580-ton combined steam/sail sloop-of-war built in England in the 1850s for the colony of Victoria, Australia.[1][2]

She was the second warship to be built for an Australian colonial navy, the first British-built ship given to a colony of the British Empire, and the first Australian warship to be deployed overseas when she supported New Zealand colonists during the First Taranaki War.

Construction and acquisition[edit]

Victoria was the first warship to be built in England for one of the British colonies.[1][3] She was the second ship ordered for an Australian colonial navy, after the Australian-built gunboat Spitfire for the New South Wales colony.[1] She was designed by the British naval architect Oliver Lang and launched in London on 30 June 1855[3] by Lady Constance Talbot.

Commander William Henry Norman sailed Victoria from Plymouth to Hobsons Bay, arriving on 31 May 1856.[1] The ship was initially equipped with three 32-pounder guns.[4]

Operational history[edit]

Victoria '​s main duties were to protect the colony of Victoria, conduct hydrological surveys, recover passengers and crew from stricken ships, and serve as a lighthouse tender.[5] During her career the sloop delivered the first trout eggs to the colony of Tasmania.[1]

New Zealand Wars deployment, 1860[edit]

In 1860, the colonial government of Victoria decided to send the sloop to New Zealand, to support British colonists fighting in the First Taranaki War.[5] On 19 April 1860, Victoria sailed to Hobart, embarked 134 troops from the 40th Regiment of Foot, and transported them to New Zealand.[5] Prior to her departure, the colonial government passed an Act giving the ship legal status, but this law was overturned by Britain as an attempt to create a naval force independent of the Royal Navy.[5]

After delivering the soldiers to Auckland, Victoria performed shore bombardments and coastal patrols, while maintaining supply routes between Auckland and New Plymouth.[5]

In July, she sailed to Sydney to transport General Thomas Pratt and his staff to New Zealand.[5] Victoria was used to evacuate women and children from the town of New Plymouth, following Maori attacks on the town's fortifications.[5] In October, the ship underwent refit in Wellington, and resumed duties by delivering British reinforcements to the combat areas.[5] As the Victorian colonial government required the ship for urgent survey work, her return was requested at the end of the year, with Victoria arriving in Melbourne in March 1861.[5]

The New Zealand Wars deployment was the first time an Australian warship had been deployed to assist in a foreign war.[1] The legal hazards of having a colonial warship operating outside her territorial limits was rectified by declaring that all Australian warships in international or foreign waters had to be commissioned into the Royal Navy.[5]

Search for Burke and Wills, 1861-2[edit]

When news reached Melbourne in July 1861 that the explorers Burke and Wills were missing somewhere between Cooper Creek and the Gulf of Carpentaria the Royal Society of Victoria decided to send a number of search parties to search for them. Commander William Henry Norman sailed from Hobson's Bay in Victoria on the 4 August 1861 for Brisbane, where William Landsborough and the Queensland Relief Expedition boarded.[citation needed] Victoria arrived at the Albert River in the Gulf of Carpentaria at the end of September 1861. Also aboard was the botanist Diedrich Henne. After finding traces of the explorers, they returned to Melbourne on 31 March 1862.

1862 onwards[edit]

In 1867, Victoria was present for the visit of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh—the first member of the British Royal Family to visit Australia.[3]

By 1877, Victoria '​s armament had been altered to include one 10-inch gun, two 13-pounders, and two 3-pounders.[2]

Decommissioning and fate[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f "Colonial Navies of Early Australia". Retrieved 23 August 2008. 
  2. ^ a b Frame, No Pleasure Cruise, p. 60
  3. ^ a b c "Australian War Memorial Collections Database - 300060". Australian War Memorial. Retrieved 23 August 2008. 
  4. ^ Hobart Courier, 1 August 1856[full citation needed]
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Frame, No Pleasure Cruise, p. 54