HMS Victory (1620)

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For other ships of the same name, see List of ships named HMS Victory.
Victory in 1655
Portrait of Victory by Willem van de Velde the Younger, 1655
Career (England) Royal Navy Ensign
Name: Victory
Builder: Andrew Burrell, Deptford
Launched: 1620
Honours and
awards:

Participated in:

Fate: Broken up, 1691
General characteristics as built[1]
Class & type: 42-gun great ship
Tons burthen: 870 bm
Length: 108 ft (33 m) (keel)
Beam: 35 ft 9 in (10.90 m) , later raised (probably through girdling) to 37 ft 6 in (11.43 m)
Depth of hold: 17 ft (5.2 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament: 42 guns of various weights of shot
General characteristics after 1666 rebuild[2]
Class & type: 82-gun second-rate ship of the line
Tons burthen: 1029 74/94 tons (1046.3 tonnes)
Length: 121 ft (37 m) (keel)
Beam: 40 ft (12 m)
Depth of hold: 17 ft 6 in (5.33 m)
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship
Armament: 82 guns of various weights of shot

Victory was a 42-gun great ship of the English Royal Navy, built by Andrew Burrell at Deptford and launched in 1620.[1] She was first commissioned in 1627 under Captain Thomas Kettleby for the abortive attack on La Rochelle. During the First Anglo-Dutch War, under the command of Lionel Lane, she took part in the Battles of Dover (19 May 1652), Dungeness (29 November 1652), Portland (18 February), the Gabbard (2 June 1653 – 3 June 1653) and Texel (31 July 1653). By 1660 she was armed with 56 guns.[1]

By 1665, Victory had been reduced to ordinary status at Chatham Dockyard, and in 1666 she was rebuilt there by Phineas Pett II as an 82-gun second-rate ship of the line.[2] Recommissioned under Sir Christopher Myngs, she took part in the Four Days Battle of 1666 (where Myngs was killed), and on 25 July 1666 in the St James's Day fight under Sir Edward Spragge. During the Third Dutch War she participated in the Battle of Solebay (on 28 May 1672 under Lord Ossory), the two Battles of Schooneveld (on 28 May and 4 June 1673 under Sir William Jennens), and the Battle of Texel (on 11 August 1673, still under Jennens). By 1685 her armament had been reduced to 80 guns.[2]

She was broken up in 1691 at Woolwich Dockyard.[2]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 158.
  2. ^ a b c d Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 161.

References[edit]

  • Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.