HMS Walrus (D24)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Walrus.
Career (United Kingdom)
Class and type: Admiralty W-class destroyer
Name: HMS Walrus
Namesake: The walrus
Ordered: December 1916[1]
Builder: Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company, Govan, Scotland[1][2]
Laid down: February 1917
Launched: 27 December 1917[1][2]
Completed: 1918
Commissioned: 8 March 1918
Decommissioned: 30 November 1932[2][3]
Fate: Wrecked 12 February 1938[2]
Sold 5 March 1938 for scrapping[3]
Scrapped October 1938[2]
General characteristics
Displacement: 1,100 tons
Length: 300 ft (91 m) o/a, 312 ft (95 m)p/p
Beam: 26.75 ft (8.15 m)
Draught: 9 ft (2.7 m) standard, 11.25 ft (3.43 m) in deep
Propulsion: 3 Yarrow type Water-tube boilers
Brown-Curtis steam turbines
2 shafts
27,000 shp (20,000 kW)
Speed: 34 knots (63 km/h; 39 mph)
Range: 320-370 tons oil, 3,500 nmi (6,500 km) at 15 knots (28 km/h; 17 mph), 900 nmi (1,700 km) at 32 knots (59 km/h; 37 mph)
Complement: 110
Armament:

The first HMS Walrus (D24) was a W-class destroyer of the British Royal Navy that saw service in the final months of World War I.

Construction and commissioning[edit]

Walrus was ordered in December 1916[1] and was laid down by the Fairfield Shipbuilding and Engineering Company at Govan, Scotland,[1] in February 1917. She was launched on 27 December 1917[1] and commissioned on 8 March 1918. She was assigned the pennant number G17 in April 1918,[1] but it was changed to D24 during the interwar period.

Service history[edit]

All of the V- and W-class destroyers, Walrus among them, were assigned to the Grand Fleet or Harwich Force for the rest of World War I,[1] which ended with the armistice with Germany on 11 November 1918.

Walrus was assigned to the Atlantic Fleet in 1921 as part of the 5th Destroyer Flotilla, which also included the destroyer leader HMS Malcolm (D19) and destroyers HMS Vanity (D28), HMS Vendetta (D69), HMS Vivacious (D36), HMS Voyager (D31), HMS Waterhen (D22), HMS Wrestler (D35), and HMS Wryneck (D21).[4] On 6 June 1924, she was assigned to the Mediterranean Fleet along with the rest of the 5th Destroyer Flotilla, which in 1925 was redesignated the 1st Destroyer Flotilla.[5] She entered dockyard hands at Sheerness in England on 15 November 1926 for a refit, and returned to duty with the 1st Destroyer Flotilla in the Mediterranean on 5 April 1927. She was decommissioned on 30 November 1932, transferred to the Reserve Fleet, and placed in reserve at Devonport. In 1934 she was moved to Rosyth, Scotland, where she remained in reserve.[3]

The Royal Navy decided to convert Walrus into an antiaircraft escort, and in February 1938 a tug took her under tow from Rosyth with a skeleton crew of four men aboard bound for Chatham Dockyard, where she was to undergo the conversion. During the voyage, however, a powerful storm struck the North Sea, and on 12 February 1938 her towline broke in high winds and heavy seas and she was driven ashore in Filey Bay north of Scarborough, Yorkshire. The four men aboard Walrus made it to shore safely in one of her boats.[3][6]

Final disposition[edit]

Deemed beyond economical repair, Walrus was sold to Round Brothers of Sunderland, England, on 5 March 1938 for scrapping. She was refloated on 29 March 1938 and scrapped in October 1938.[3][2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Naval History: SHIPS OF THE ROYAL NAVY, 1914-1919 - in ALPHABETICAL ORDER (Part 2 of 2)
  2. ^ a b c d e f Colledge, J. J., Ships of the Royal Navy: The Complete Record of the Fighting Ships of the Royal Navy From the Fifteenth Century to the Present Day, Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1987, ISBN 0-87021-652-X, p. 374.
  3. ^ a b c d e Preston, Anthony, V and W class Destroyers 1917-1945, London: MacDonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd, 1971, pp. 57-58.
  4. ^ Preston, Anthony, V and W class Destroyers 1917-1945, London: MacDonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd, 1971, pp. 35-36.
  5. ^ Preston, Anthony, V and W class Destroyers 1917-1945, London: MacDonald & Co. (Publishers) Ltd, 1971, p. 46.
  6. ^ Teesmouth LifeboatSupporters Association: Services of The J.W. Archer at Teesmouth Lifeboat Station

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