HMS Warrior (1917)

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For other ships of the same name, see HMS Warrior.
Career
Name: Warrior, Wayfarer, HMS Warrior,
Goizeko Izarra, HMS Warrior II
Owner: Frederick William Vanderbilt
Alfred G. Vanderbilt
Alexander Smith Cochran
Sir Ramón de la Sota Llano
Sir Hugo Cunliffe-Owen
Builder: Ailsa Shipbuilding Company,
Troon, Scotland
Launched: 4 February 1904
Commissioned: 1917, 1940
Decommissioned: 1918
Status: Sunk by enemy bombing, 11 July 1940
General characteristics
Type: Steam yacht
Tonnage: 1,266 GT (gross tonnage)
Length: 284 ft (87 m)
Beam: 32 ft (9.8 m)
Draft: 6 ft (1.8 m)
Installed power: Originally, twin triple-expansion T3-cylinder 15-knot 2-screw steam engine, later twin 4-cylinder triple expansion engine
Propulsion: Screw

HMS Warrior was a steam yacht, twice commissioned by the Royal Navy, which participated in both World Wars, as well as in the Spanish Civil War. She was sunk in enemy action in 1940.

Warrior[edit]

The 1266-ton yacht, originally named Warrior, was built for Frederick William Vanderbilt in 1904 in Troon, Scotland by the Ailsa Shipbuilding Company; she was designed by G.L. Watson. Powered by a twin triple-expansion T3-cylinder 15-knot 2-screw engine, later altered by A. & J. Inglis to a twin 4-cylinder triple expansion engine, she was 284 feet long, with a beam of 32 feet and a draught of 17 feet.[1] She was also luxuriously furnished in eighteenth-century French style, and her accommodation included 6 guest staterooms.[2]

In 1914, Warrior ran aground near the mouth of the Magdalena River in Colombia: her passengers, including Mr. and Mrs. Vanderbilt, the Duke and Duchess of Manchester, and Lord Falconer, were rescued and Warrior was eventually refloated.[3] She was purchased in 1916 from the estate of Alfred G. Vanderbilt (after he briefly owned her under the name Wayfarer) by Alexander Smith Cochran, who reverted to the name Warrior.[4]

Warrior was requisitioned by the Royal Navy in 1917 and served as Admiral Sir W.L. Grant's flagship during a visit to Washington, DC in 1918, during which HMS Warrior took part in a Memorial Day ceremony honouring those who died at sea during the First World War, including the victims of RMS Lusitania.[5]

Goizeko Izarra[edit]

A Basque entrepreneur, Sir Ramón de la Sota Llano, Marques de Llano,[6] of Bilbao, Spain bought the yacht in 1920 and rechristened her with the Basque name Goizeko Izarra ("Morning Star").[7]

HMS Warrior II[edit]

Sir Hugo Cunliffe-Owen purchased the yacht in 1937; she resumed her prior name, Warrior. She was requisitioned by the Royal Navy during the Second World War, and named HMS Warrior II and fitted with two 12-pounder guns. In an air attack by over 50 Luftwaffe aircraft on 11 July 1940 Warrior II was bombed and sunk, with one casualty, in the English Channel.

The wreck of Warrior II is now a popular destination for divers.[8]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Wreck Site website
  2. ^ H. Coy Glidden, ed., Sail and Sweep (1904), vol. 3, pp. 397-98, online version here
  3. ^ Harvard College Class of 1894, Twenty-Fifth Anniversary Report, 1894-1919, p. 15, online version here
  4. ^ The Rudder, vol. 32, p. 244, online version here
  5. ^ Daughters of the American Revolution Magazine, vol. 52, pp. 486-87 (1918). Pictures here.
  6. ^ The HMS Warrior Story
  7. ^ Wreck Site website
  8. ^ Deep Wreck Diving Sites in Weymouth and Portland

References[edit]