HMS York (1807)
HMS York in Prison-ship in Portsmouth Harbour with the convicts going on board, by Edward William Cooke
|Ordered:||31 January 1805|
|Laid down:||August 1805|
|Launched:||7 July 1807|
|Fate:||Broken up, 1854|
|Notes:||Prison ship from 1819|
|General characteristics |
|Class & type:||Fame-class ship of the line|
|Tons burthen:||1743 tons (1771 tonnes)|
|Length:||175 ft (53 m) (gundeck)|
|Beam:||47 ft 6 in (14.48 m)|
|Depth of hold:||20 ft 6 in (6.25 m)|
|Sail plan:||Full rigged ship|
HMS York was a 74-gun third-rate ship of the line of the Royal Navy, built at Rotherhithe by the contract firm Samuel & Daniel Brent, and launched on 7 July 1807. She saw service during the Napoleonic Wars, though is best known for her time spent as a prison ship. She was broken up in March 1854.
HMS York was one of many British warships ordered after they were most needed. Although the major naval battles of the Napoleonic Wars had already occurred by the time of her launching, York was employed on some notable campaigns.
After her launch, York was under the command of Captain Robert Barton, and as part of Sir Samuel Hood's squadron, she participated in the occupation of Madeira. In 1809, York was on the West India Station, and was involved in the capture of Martinique. Later that year, York was involved in the disastrous landings at Walcheren. York was later with the Mediterranean Squadron off Toulon.
In 1819, York entered Portsmouth harbour, where she was stripped of her masts and guns, and converted into a prison ship. HMS York is best remembered in this state, thanks to a contemporary drawing by Edward William Cooke, which shows her fully converted, and with laundry above her decks where sails once would have been. She would have typically contained approximately 500 convicts.
After many years at this harbour service, she was finally broken up in March 1854.
- Lavery, Ships of the Line, vol. 1, p. 188.
- Prison ship York at Portsmouth Harbour. PortCities London. Retrieved 6 November 2008.
- Background on HMS York. Navy News. Retrieved 6 November 2008.
- Michael Phillips. York (74) (1807). Michael Phillips' Ships of the Old Navy. Retrieved 6 November 2008.
- Lavery, Brian (2003) The Ship of the Line - Volume 1: The development of the battlefleet 1650-1850. Conway Maritime Press. ISBN 0-85177-252-8.