HM Prison Wormwood Scrubs
Entrance to Wormwood Scrubs Prison
|Location||Wormwood Scrubs, London|
|Security class||Adult Male/Category B|
|Population||1277 (as of May 2008)|
|Managed by||HM Prison Services|
|Website||Wormwood Scrubs at justice.gov.uk|
HM Prison Wormwood Scrubs (informally "The Scrubs") is a Category B men's prison, located in the Wormwood Scrubs area of the London Borough of Hammersmith and Fulham, in inner west London, England. The prison is operated by Her Majesty's Prison Service.
The initial steps in the winter of 1874 involved the construction of a small prison made of corrugated iron and a temporary shed to serve as a barracks for the warders. Nine specially picked prisoners, all within a year of release, completed the buildings after which 50 more prisoners were brought in who in turn erected a second temporary prison wing. Building then began on the permanent prison, with bricks being manufactured on site. By the summer of 1875 enough bricks had been prepared to build the prison's first block, whose ground floor was finished as winter began. Construction was completed in 1891.
In 1979, IRA prisoners staged a rooftop protest over visiting rights. 60 inmates and several prison officers were injured. In 1982, an inquiry blamed much of the difficulties on failings in prison management. The governor, John McCarthy, had quit before the rioting. He had described Wormwood Scrubs as a "penal dustbin" in a letter to The Times.
In the 1990s, a police investigation into allegations of staff brutality resulted in the suspension of 27 prison officers and the conviction of six for assault (three later won appeals against conviction). The Prison Service paid over £3 million in out-of-court settlements with ex-prisoners who had alleged brutality. Her Majesty's Chief Inspector of Prisons delivered a damning report on the conditions and regime in which the prison was told to improve or close.
In March 2004, a further report from the Chief inspector stated that Wormwood Scrubs had greatly improved after making fundamental changes. Three quarters of inmates at the prison had said that staff treated them with respect, which was better than the national average. However the report also stated that inmates spent too much time in their cells, and only 36% of eligible inmates were involved in education or prison work.
In November 2008, another report from Her Majesty's Chief Inspector stated that conditions at Wormwood Scrubs Prison had deteriorated since the last inspection. Heightened prison gang activity had been detected, and 20% of prisoners had failed drugs tests.
Major structural changes to the prison's management took place in 2013. A 2014 report by Her Majesty's Inspectorate of Prisons was critical of the prison, describing it as "filthy". The inspectors stated that there had been a failure to put into place recommendations by the Prisons and Probation Ombudsman to deal with suicide and self-harm. The chief executive of the Howard League for Penal Reform, a charitable body, said "I have never seen a public service deteriorate so rapidly and so profoundly."
The prison today
Wormwood Scrubs is a Category B prison for adult males, sentenced or on remand from the local courts. The prison has five main wings plus a number of smaller dedicated units. All the accommodation has electricity and integral sanitation with a TV and accompanying bedroom furniture:
- A wing - remand and sentenced prisoners
- B wing - remand and sentenced prisoners
- C wing - prisoners on an Intensive Drug Treatment System
- D wing - workforce prisoners and Difficult to Manage prisoners
- E wing - resettlement of prisoners unit
- Super enhanced wing - enhanced prisoners who are considered to be trustworthy
- Conibeere Unit - prisoners who require a substance misuse stabilisation regime
There is a contracted prison shop previously run by Aramark, but now run by DHL who provide a selection of consumables for purchase by the prisoners.
Notable former inmates
- Paul Blackburn
- George Blake
- Reginald Horace Blyth
- Horatio Bottomley
- Charles Bronson
- Basil Bunting
- Leslie Grantham
- Morris Cohen
- Fred Copeman
- Pete Doherty
- Lord Alfred Douglas
- John Hampson
- Nicholas van Hoogstraten
- John Hopkins
- Keith Richards
- Thomas William Jones, Baron Maelor
- Mike Lesser
- Saunders Lewis
- Konon Molody
- Mark Morrison
- Timmy Murphy
- Count Geoffrey Potocki de Montalk
- Richard Starkie
- John Stonehouse
- Michael Tippett
- Lewis Valentine
- David John Williams
- Nikos Sampson
In popular culture
- Author Sarah Waters published the book "The Night Watch" (No. 1 Bestseller) in 2006, one of the main characters had served his sentence at the Scrubs prison.
- Journalist Peter Wildeblood was imprisoned in the prison in 1954. His book "Against the Law", in which he describes his trial and imprisonment, was described in The New Statesman as "the noblest, and wittiest, and most appalling prison book of them all".
- The prison is mentioned in the Russian novel Figure-head, by Danil Koretsky (Данил Корецкий, Подставная фигура). The parents of the principal protagonist are held in HMP Wormwood Scrubs and are unsuccessfully sought-out by the Russian SVR.
- Bunny Manders, the narrator of the A. J. Raffles stories by E. W. Hornung, serves his sentence at Wormwood Scrubs.
Film and television
In films and TV programmes set in Britain, when someone is shown being released from prison, the front entrance of Wormwood Scrubs is frequently chosen as a filming location, e.g.
- Billy Liar
- The Spy Who Came in from the Cold
- The Horse's Mouth
- Hot Millions
- A Very British Coup
- The Sweeney (TV) - One Of Your Own
- The Italian Job, Michael Caine seen leaving the Scrubs and getting into the stolen Pakistani ambassadors car.
- The Baron - Something for a Rainy Day
- Porridge, in both the television series and film
- Minder, in the episode The Birdman of Wormwood Scrubs
- Danger Man, in the episode Such Men Are Dangerous. Agent John Drake is substituted for a man being released; Patrick McGoohan is shown leaving the Scrubs.
- Steptoe and Son
- Rumpole of the Bailey series 2 "Rumpole and the Age for Retirement" (TV) 1979
A documentary entitled Wormwood Scrubs was aired on ITV1 in May 2010. It showed the life of the prisoners and staff over a two part series.
- Gary Moore is shown at the prison entrance on the cover of the 1978 album, Back on the Streets.
- The prison is mentioned in The Jam's hit song, "Down in the Tube Station at Midnight" and in Billy Bragg's 'Rotting on Remand' from the Workers Playtime album.
- The Pete Doherty song 'Broken Love Song' is about the singer's tenure in the prison in early 2008.
- Comedian Spike Milligan recorded "The Wormwood Scrubs Tango" about an elderly car thief in the prison.
- George R., Sims (1902). Living London. Cassell & Co.
- "Jail conditions at Scrubs improve". bbc.co.uk. 23 March 2004. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
- "'Urgent' changes needed at prison". bbc.co.uk. 18 November 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-15.
- "'Ere Fletch they've only gone and listed the Scrubs'". Daily Mail. 10 March 2009. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to HM Prison Wormwood Scrubs.|
- Ministry of Justice pages on Wormwood Scrubs
- Victorian London - prisons and penal system
- George Blake escape
- BBC News - Troubled history of the Scrubs
- Amnesty International - Public statement on Wormwood Scrubs
- The Home Office - HMP Wormwood Scrubs - Significant improvements under pressure