HNLMS O 16

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HNLMS. O 16.jpg
O 16
Career
Builder: De Schelde, Flushing
Laid down: 28 December 1933
Launched: 27 January 1936
Commissioned: 16 October 1936
Fate: Sunk by mine on 15 December 1941
Status: Raised and scrapped in October 2013[1]
General characteristics [2]
Type: Unique Submarine
Displacement: 984 tons surfaced
1194 tons submerged
Length: 76.53 m (251 ft 1 in)
Beam: 6.55 m (21 ft 6 in)
Draught: 3.97 m (13 ft 0 in)
Propulsion: 2 × 1,600 bhp (1,193 kW) diesel engines
2 × 460 bhp (343 kW) electric motors
Speed: 18 kn (33 km/h; 21 mph) surfaced
9 kn (17 km/h; 10 mph) submerged
Range: 10,000 nmi (19,000 km; 12,000 mi) at 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph) on the surface
26 nmi (48 km; 30 mi) at 8.5 kn (15.7 km/h; 9.8 mph) submerged
Complement: 36 - 42
Armament: 4 × 21 inch bow torpedo tubes
2 × 21 inch stern torpedo tubes
2 × 21 inch torpedo tubes external-traversing amidships

O 16 was a unique submarine of the Royal Netherlands Navy that saw service during World War II. The design came from G. de Rooy and had a diving depth of 80 meters. She was the first submarine of the Royal Netherlands Navy manufactured from high quality Steel 52. Also riveting was reduced 49% and replaced by welding when compared to preceding ships.[2]

Ship history[edit]

Video of O16 passing HNLMS Hertog Hendrik in 1937. Dutch newsreel.

The submarine was laid down on 28 December 1933 at the Koninklijke Maatschappij De Schelde, Vlissingen and launched on 27 January 1936. 16 October 1936 she was commissioned in the Dutch navy.[3]

Before the war she performed convoy duties during the Spanish Civil War. In 1939 she was sent to the Dutch East Indies via the Suez Canal and attached to the submarine division there. During the war she sunk three Japanese troopships and damaged several others. On 15 December 1941 during her homebound voyage to Singapore O 16 hit a Japanese mine while leaving the Gulf of Siam. Only one man out of the crew of 42 survived.[3]

In October 2013, a crane vessel was photographed dredging up the wreck for sale as scrap metal.[1]

Summary of raiding history[edit]

Ships sunk and damaged by O 16.[3]

Date Ship name Nationality/Type Tonnage (GRT) Fate
10 December 1941 Ayatosan Maru/Sakura Maru Japanese troopship 9,788/7,170 Damaged
12 December 1941 Tosan Maru Japanese troopship 8,666 Sunk (later salvaged)
12 December 1941 Asosan Maru Japanese troopship 8,812 Sunk (later salvaged)
12 December 1941 Kinka Maru Japanese troopship 9,306 Sunk (later salvaged)
12 December 1941 Ayatosan Maru Japanese troopship 9,788 Damaged

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b HMAS Perth: WWII warship grave stripped by salvagers, ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation), 13 Dec 2013, retrieved 16 Dec 2013 
  2. ^ a b "Dutch Submarines: The O 16 submarine class". dutchsubmarines.com. 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c "Dutch Submarines: The submarine O 16". dutchsubmarines.com. 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2013.