HNLMS Tromp (1937)
|This article does not cite any references or sources. (December 2009)|
|Builder:||Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Mij., Amsterdam|
|Laid down:||17 January 1936|
|Launched:||24 May 1937|
|Commissioned:||18 August 1938|
|Class and type:||Tromp-class light cruiser|
|Displacement:||4,000 long tons (4,064 t) standard|
|Length:||132 m (433 ft 1 in)|
|Beam:||12.4 m (40 ft 8 in)|
|Draught:||4.8 m (15 ft 9 in)|
|Propulsion:||2 Parsons geared steam turbines
4 Yarrow boilers
56,000 shp (41,759 kW)
|Speed:||32.5 knots (37.4 mph; 60.2 km/h)|
|Armament:||• 6 × 150 mm (5.9 in) guns (3×2)
• 4 × 75 mm
• 8 × 40 mm (4×2)
• 2 × 20 mm
• 6 × 533 mm (21 in) torpedo tubes (2×3)
|Armour:||Belt: 2–2.5 in (51–64 mm)
Deck: 1.5 in (38 mm)
|Aircraft carried:||1 × Fokker C.XIW floatplane|
Originally designated as a flotilla leader and a torpedo cruiser in the Deckers Fleet Plan of 1931, she was laid down at the "Nederlandsche Scheepsbouw Maatschappij" (Netherlands Shipbuilding Company), Amsterdam, in 1936 and commissioned on 18 August 1938. She was named after Admirals Maarten Tromp and Cornelis Tromp.
Tromp sailed to Asian waters prior to the outbreak of World War II. On 8 December 1941 Tromp was in the western Java Sea searching for the missing HMAS Sydney. She was assigned to the Combined Striking Force, ABDA Command in January 1942 for the defence of the Dutch East Indies. Tromp was badly damaged off Bali on 18 February 1942 during the Battle of Badung Strait, when she was hit by eleven 5-inch (127 mm) shells from the Japanese destroyer Asashio, severely damaging her. Her return fire hit two Japanese destroyers, killing four men on Asashio and seven on Oshio. The ship was then sent to Australia for repairs.
On 18 May, in company with HMAS Arunta, Tromp escorted convoy "ZK.8" out of Sydney composed of the Dutch ships Bantam, Bontekoe, Van Heemskerk and Van Heutsz bound for Port Moresby with 4,735 troops of the Australian 14th Brigade.
During the war Tromp was repeatedly reported as having been destroyed by the Imperial Japanese Navy, earning her the reputation of being one of "the most reportedly sunk ship" of the war. Because she kept showing up despite being declared sunk by the Japanese she was given the nickname "The Ghost Ship".
From 1949 Tromp was used as a training ship, was decommissioned in 1955, and scrapped in 1969.
- Gill, G. Hermon (1957). Royal Australian Navy 1939-1942. Australia in the War of 1939–1945. Series 2 – Navy 1. Canberra: Australian War Memorial.
- Gill, G. Hermon (1968). Royal Australian Navy 1939-1942. Australia in the War of 1939–1945. Series 2 – Navy 2. Canberra: Australian War Memorial.
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