HNoMS Garm (1913)
| Plan of Draug class destroyer
HNoMS Garm before the war, clearly showing off her four funnels
|Namesake:||Ragnarök hound Garmr|
|Builder:||The Royal Norwegian Navy's shipyard at Horten|
|Launched:||27 May 1913|
|Commissioned:||6 July 1914|
|Decommissioned:||26 April 1940|
|Fate:||Sunk by Luftwaffe bombers 26 April 1940|
|Commanders:||Captain S. Skjolden (? - 26 April 1940)|
|Class & type:||Draug class|
|Displacement:||580 tons standard |
|Length:||69.2 m (227.03 ft)|
|Beam:||7.3 m (23.95 ft)|
|Draft:||2.9 m (9.51 ft)|
|Propulsion:||Two steam turbines with 8000 hp|
|Speed:||27 knots (50.00 km/h)|
|Armament:||6 × 7.6 cm (3 inch) guns
1 × 12.7 mm Colt
anti-aircraft machine gun
3 × trainable 45 cm torpedo launchers
The destroyer HNoMS Garm, known locally as Torpedojager Garm (litt.: torpedo hunter), was the third destroyer built for the Royal Norwegian Navy, and was a Draug class destroyer. Garm was constructed several years after her two sister ships, but to the same plans. She was built at the naval shipyard in Horten, with yard number 107.
Reactivation at the outbreak of the Second World War
Garm was mothballed after she became obsolete, but was recommissioned 28 August 1939 and took part in the defence of Norway after the German invasion in 1940. She was deployed to the 2nd Naval District's 1st destroyer division, a district covering an area roughly the same as the Vestlandet and Trøndelag regions.
Neutrality duties and the Altmark incident
On 15 February 1940 Garm was the third and final Royal Norwegian Navy warship to search the German tanker and POW ship Altmark after she entered Norwegian territorial waters up until the Altmark incident. Garm transported the commanding admiral of the 2nd naval district, Admiral Carsten Tank-Nielsen, to the German vessel, then in the Hjeltefjord, so could personally approve the decision to let the ship proceed. After this final cursory inspection Garm let the German ship continue southwards.
Norwegian Campaign service
Attempted defence of Bergen
During the German attack on Bergen Garm intercepted the last ship of the enemy flotilla, the cruiser Königsberg, and tried to carry out a torpedo attack. This failed due to the distance between the two ships being to great for a quick surprise attack by the tiny Norwegian destroyer. As the Garm's commander, Captain S. Skjolden, attempted to close to torpedo range of the cruiser (the distance between the ships was about 4,000 metres (13,000 ft) and the torpedoes were pre-set for 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) range) the Königsberg opened fire and straddled the Norwegian ship with 15 cm shells. After a number of near misses from the German guns the Garm broke off her attack and fled to the north, pursued by Luftwaffe bombers.
Sinking in the Sognefjord
Five German bombers attacked the two destroyers and one of the around thirty bombs dropped hit the Garm right behind the front funnel, detonating two of her torpedoes and some other ammunition. The ship was almost broken in half by the explosion and burned for hours before sinking. All members of the crew had abandoned ship when the attack came as she had no effective anti-aircraft weapons to defend herself with, hence no casualties were endured during the Garm's sinking.
- "Garm (6104305)". Miramar Ship Index. http://www.miramarshipindex.org.nz. Retrieved 10 February 2009. (subscription required)
- Abelsen 1986: 27
- Niehorster, Leo. "Scandinavian Campaign: Administrative Order of Battle Royal Norwegian Navy 2nd Naval District". Retrieved 12 February 2009.
- Abelsen, Frank (1986). Norwegian naval ships 1939-1945 (in Norwegian and English). Oslo: Sem & Stenersen AS. ISBN 82-7046-050-8.
- Naval History via Flix: KNM Draug, retrieved 29 January 2006 (English)