Epoch J2000.0 Equinox J2000.0 (ICRS)
|Right ascension||12h 44m 20.2367s|
|Declination||−08° 40′ 16.837″|
|Apparent magnitude (V)||10.9|
|Distance||590 ± 65 ly
(181 ± 20 pc)
|Spectral type||sdB / M V|
HW Virginis, abbreviated HW Vir, is an eclipsing binary system (of the Algol type) approximately 590 light-years away (based on the stellar properties and magnitudes: the Hipparcos trigonometric parallax measurement has too high an error value to be useful) in the constellation of Virgo. The system comprises an eclipsing B-type subdwarf star and red dwarf star. The two stars orbit each other every 0.116795 days.
Eclipse timing variations
Based on variations in the timing of the system's eclipses, in 2008 it was claimed that two giant planets were in orbit around the binary: one with a masses of 8.47 and 19.2 times the mass of Jupiter orbiting with periods of 9.1 and 15.8 years respectively. The proposed system was later shown to be extremely unstable, with mean lifetimes less than 1000 years in the parameter space allowed by the uncertainties in the data. An alternate, dynamically-stable orbital solution was proposed with a 14.3 Jupiter mass object on a 12-year orbit and an outer companion of 65 Jupiter masses on a 55-year orbit, however it has been noted that the outer companion's orbital parameters are highly unconstrained, again casting doubt on the reality of this model. The problems with modelling this system and the proposed planets orbiting several other post-common envelope binaries has led to the suggestion that the eclipse timing variations used to infer the existence of planets has a non-planetary origin.
- Lee, Jae Woo; Kim, Seung-Lee; Kim, Chun-Hwey; Koch, Robert H.; Lee, Chung-Uk; Kim, Ho-Il; Park, Jang-Ho (2009). "The sdB+M Eclipsing System HW Virginis and its Circumbinary Planets". The Astronomical Journal 137 (2): 3181–3190. arXiv:0811.3807. Bibcode:2009AJ....137.3181L. doi:10.1088/0004-6256/137/2/3181.
- Kiss, L. L.; Csák, B.; Szatmáry, K.; Furész, G.; Sziládi, K. (2000). "Spectrophotometry and period analysis of the sdB eclipsing binary HW Virginis". Astronomy and Astrophysics 364: 199–204. arXiv:astro-ph/0010446. Bibcode:2000A&A...364..199K.
- Horner, J.; Hinse, T. C.; Wittenmyer, R. A.; Marshall, J. P.; Tinney, C. G. (2012). "A dynamical analysis of the proposed circumbinary HW Virginis planetary system". Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 427 (4): 2812–2823. arXiv:1209.0608. Bibcode:2012MNRAS.427.2812H. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2966.2012.22046.x.
- Beuermann, K.; Dreizler, S.; Hessman, F. V.; Deller, J. (2012). "The quest for companions to post-common envelope binaries. III. A reexamination of HW Virginis". Astronomy & Astrophysics 543: id.A138. arXiv:1206.3080. Bibcode:2012A&A...543A.138B. doi:10.1051/0004-6361/201219391.
- Jonathan Horner, Robert Wittenmyer, Tobias Hinse, Jonathan Marshall, Alex Mustill (2014). "Wobbling Ancient Binaries - Here Be Planets?". arXiv:1401.6742 [astro-ph.EP].
- "Notes for star HW Vir". The Extrasolar Planets Encyclopaedia. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
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