HYLAS-1

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HYLAS-1
Mission type Communication
Operator Avanti Communications
COSPAR ID 2010-065A[1]
SATCAT № 37237
Spacecraft properties
Manufacturer ISRO/Antrix
Launch mass 2,242 kilograms (4,943 lb)
Start of mission
Launch date 26 November 2010, 18:39:00 (2010-11-26UTC18:39Z) UTC
Rocket Ariane 5ECA V198
Launch site Kourou ELA-3
Contractor Arianespace
Orbital parameters
Reference system Geocentric
Regime Geostationary
Longitude 33.5° West
Perigee 35,776.5 kilometres (22,230.5 mi)
Apogee 35,798.7 kilometres (22,244.3 mi)
Inclination 0 degrees
Period 1,436.15 minutes

HYLAS (or HYLAS-1) is a British satellite in geostationary orbit. HYLAS, which is an acronym for Highly Adaptable Satellite, is a communications satellite and was launched by the European Ariane 5 launch vehicle from the Guyana Space Centre at Kourou in French Guyana.[2] It is located at the orbital location of 33.5 degrees west and will provide new and innovative services including High Definition Television (HDTV) and interactive satellite delivered broadband services.[3] [4] The satellite will help address the issue of poor broadband coverage in many parts of Europe which have less developed ground infrastructure.[citation needed]

Construction[edit]

HYLAS was constructed by EADS Astrium for the UK telecommunications company Avanti Communications Plc. Development of the satellite was supported by a £23m investment from the British National Space Centre (BNSC).[5]

Launch[edit]

Avanti purchased for HYLAS a launch to geostationary transfer orbit (GTO) on a Falcon 9 launch vehicle. The purchase, in September 2007, made Avanti the first customer to purchase a commercial geostationary launch from SpaceX.[6] In July 2009 Arianespace announced that HYLAS would instead be launched in 2010, "using an Ariane 5 or Soyuz launcher" from Arianespace.[7][8] Avanti had previously criticized Arianespace as being overly expensive, but a move to Arianespace was motivated by prospective customers' concerns about launch risks associated with Falcon 9. Also, additional financial assets became available, including 10.7 million pounds from British contributions ESA's Artes telecommunications development program.[9]

HYLAS successfully launched at 18:41 GMT on the 26 November 2010 by Ariane 5.

Mission[edit]

HYLAS is based on the Indian Space Research Organisation's I-2K small satellite platform under a cooperative arrangement between EADS Astrium and ISRO/Antrix.[10]

The HYLAS payload carries two Ku band transponders, intended mainly for HDTV, and six Ka band transponders feeding up to eight Spotbeams, allowing the provision of between 150,000 and 300,000 simultaneous broadband Internet connections. The HYLAS satellite had a launch mass of around 2100 kg and a beginning-of-life power of 3.5 kW.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Sat Cat". Celestrak. Retrieved 25 June 2012. 
  2. ^ The Hindu - November 27, 2010 -ISRO's communication satellite HYLAS launched successfully [1]
  3. ^ S Günes 100827. "Ka Band Launches (as seen 6th Sept. 2010)". Lyngsat. 
  4. ^ Avanti PLC. "Avanti Launch confimation (as seen 6th Sept. 2010)". Avanti. 
  5. ^ http://www.bnsc.gov.uk/content.aspx?nid=5920 BNSC case study on Avanti and the HYLAS satellite
  6. ^ "Updates Archive - New Customer". SpaceX. 2007-12-10. 
  7. ^ "Arianespace to launch HYLAS". Arianespace. July 22, 2009. 
  8. ^ Jonathan Amos (July 23, 2009). "Broadband satellite jumps rocket". BBC. Retrieved January 5, 2010. 
  9. ^ Peter B. de Selding. "Satellite Firm Raises $68 Million in Cash to Switch Rockets". Space News. 
  10. ^ http://www.satnews.com/stories2006/2635.htm SatNews Daily report on HYLAS
  11. ^ http://www.esa.int/esaTE/SEMAB09ATME_index_0.html ESA News

External links[edit]