|Owner||Schocken Family (60%)
M. DuMont Schauberg (20%)
Leonid Nevzlin (20%)
|Associate editor||Tammy Litani|
|Political alignment||Liberal, secular, political left|
|Language||Hebrew and English editions|
|Headquarters||Tel Aviv, Israel|
Haaretz (Hebrew: הארץ) (lit. "The Land [of Israel]", originally Ḥadashot Ha'aretz – Hebrew: חדשות הארץ, IPA: [χadaˈʃot haˈʔaʁets] – "News of the Land") is Israel's oldest daily newspaper. It was founded in 1918 and is now published in both Hebrew and English in Berliner format. The English edition is published and sold together with the International New York Times. Both Hebrew and English editions can be read on the Internet. In North America, it comes out as a weekly newspaper, combining articles from the Friday edition with a roundup from the rest of the week. It is known for its staunch left-liberal stance on domestic and foreign issues.
- 1 Overview
- 2 History and ownership
- 3 Management
- 4 Editorial policy and viewpoints
- 5 Criticism
- 6 Internet editions
- 7 Internet blogs and columns
- 8 Offices
- 9 Notable journalists
- 10 Supplements and special features (print edition)
- 11 See also
- 12 References
- 13 Further reading
- 14 External links
Compared to other mass circulation papers in Israel, Haaretz uses smaller headlines and print. Less space is devoted to pictures, and more to political analysis. Its editorial pages are considered influential among government leaders. Apart from the news, Haaretz publishes feature articles on social and environmental issues, as well as book reviews, investigative reporting, and political commentary. In 2008 the newspaper itself reported a paid subscribership of 65,000, daily sales of 72,000 copies, and 100,000 on weekends. The English edition has a subscriber base of 15,000. As of June 2011, readership was 5.8% of the public, down from 6.4% the prior year. In 2013, amid falling circulation, Haaretz was undergoing severe cuts (reportedly firing around 20% of its total workforce, and lowering salaries by between 15-35%).
Despite its historically relatively low circulation in Israel, Haaretz was for many years considered Israel's most influential daily newspaper. Its readership includes members of Israel's intelligentsia and members of its political and economic elites. Surveys show that Haaretz readership has a higher-than-average education, income, and wealth; most are Ashkenazim. In 2007, Shmuel Rosner, the newspaper's former U.S. correspondent, told The Nation that "people who read it are better educated and more sophisticated than most, but the rest of the country doesn't know it exists". However, the former prestige and influence the newspaper once held in Israel has arguably waned in recent years, along with its standing in the country's political life.
History and ownership
Haaretz was first published in 1918 as a newspaper sponsored by the British military government in Palestine. In 1919, it was taken over by Russian Zionists. Initially, it was called Hadashot Ha'aretz ("News of the Land"). Later, the name was shortened to "Ha'aretz". The literary section of the paper attracted the leading Hebrew writers of the time.
The newspaper was initially published in Jerusalem. From 1919 to 1922, the paper was headed by a succession of editors, among them Leib Yaffe. It was shut down briefly due to a budgetary shortfall and reopened in Tel Aviv at the beginning of 1923 under the editorship of Moshe Glickson, who held the post for 15 years. The Tel Aviv municipality granted the paper financial support by paying in advance for future advertisements.
Salman Schocken, a wealthy German-Jewish Zionist who owned a chain of department stores in Germany, bought the paper in 1937. His son, Gershom Schocken, became the chief editor in 1939 and held that position until his death in 1990.
Until August 2006, the Schocken family owned 100% of the Haaretz Group, but then the German publisher M. DuMont Schauberg acquired 25 percent of the shares. The deal was negotiated with the help of former Israeli ambassador to Germany, Avi Primor. This deal was seen as controversial in Israel as DuMont Schauberg's father, Kurt Neven DuMont, was member of the German Nazi party, while his publishing house promoted Nazi ideology.
On 12 June 2011, it was announced that Russian-Israeli businessman Leonid Nevzlin had purchased a 20% stake in the Haaretz Group, buying 15% from the family and 5% from M. DuMont Schauberg. This means that the Schocken family now owns 60% and M. DuMont Schauberg and Leonid Nevzlin have 20% each.
In October 2012, a union strike mobilized to protest planned layoffs by the Haaretz management. As a consequence, both the Haaretz newspaper and its TheMarker business supplement were not printed for one day. According to Israel Radio, it was the first time since 1965 that a newspaper did not go to press on account of a strike.
The newspaper's editorial policy was defined by Gershom Schocken, who was editor-in-chief from 1939 to 1990. The current editor-in-chief of the newspaper is Aluf Benn, who replaced Dov Alfon in August 2011. Alfon's predecessor, David Landau, succeeded Hanoch Marmari and Yoel Esteron in April 2004. Charlotte Halle became editor of the English Print Edition in February 2008.
Editorial policy and viewpoints
Haaretz describes itself as broadly liberal on domestic issues and international affairs. Others describe it alternatively as liberal, centre-left, left-wing, or far-left. In 2006, the BBC said it has a moderate stance on foreign policy and security issues. David Remnick in The New Yorker described Haaretz as "easily the most liberal newspaper in Israel", its ideology as left-wing and its temper as "insistently oppositional." The newspaper's op-ed pages are open to a variety of opinions.
J. J. Goldberg, the editor of the American The Jewish Daily Forward, describes Haaretz as "Israel's most vehemently anti-settlement daily paper". US weekly The Nation describes Haaretz as "Israel's liberal beacon", citing its editorials voicing opposition to the occupation, the security barrier, purportedly discriminatory treatment of Arab citizens, and the mindset that led to the Second Lebanon War.
Andrea Levin, executive director of the Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting (CAMERA), stated in 2008 that among Israelis Haaretz is seen as a "rather far-left publication" and accused the newspaper of doing "damage to the truth" and failing to correct errors. Earlier, in 2001, Levin criticized Haaretz correspondent Amira Hass for inaccurate reporting and charged Haaretz with fueling anti-Israel bias. However, a 2003 study in The Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics found that Haaretz reporting was more favorable to Israelis than Palestinians and more likely to report stories from the Israeli side.
According to its competitor The Jerusalem Post, Haaretz editor-in-chief David Landau said at the 2007 Limmud conference in Moscow that he had told his staff not to report about criminal investigations against Prime Minister Ariel Sharon in order to promote Sharon's 2004–2005 Gaza disengagement plan.
In March 2010, The Jerusalem Post reported that a pollster was unhappy with the way his poll results regarding Israeli views regarding President Obama were presented in the English edition of Haaretz, which he felt was "misleading", due to the fact that the Hebrew word "inyani" had been interpreted as "fair" instead of "businesslike". Also in 2010, several columnists at The Jerusalem Post, including deputy managing editor Caroline Glick, criticized Haaretz for its role in the Anat Kamm affair.
Haaretz operates both Hebrew and English language websites. The two sites offer up-to-the-minute breaking news, live Q&A sessions with newsmakers from Israel, Palestinian territories and around the world, and blogs covering a range of political standpoints and opinions. The English online edition receives an average of two million visitors per month. Both websites have blogs and are open to readers' comments. The two sites fall under the supervision of Lior Kodner, the head of digital media for the Haaretz Group. Individually, Ruti Zuta is the editor of Haaretz.com (English) and Avi Scharf is the editor of Haaretz.co.il (Hebrew).
Internet blogs and columns
- In September 2009, Haaretz.com launched a blog by Tel Aviv University Professor Carlo Strenger, called "Strenger than Fiction"
- Focus U.S.A. – Blog by U.S. correspondent Natasha Mozgovaya who replaced Shmuel Rosner as U.S. correspondent in August 2008. Rosner's blog was "Rosner's Domain" and explored Israeli, American Jewish, and Zionist issues in the United States.
- "A Special Place in Hell" is Bradley Burston's award-winning, twice-weekly blog on Haaretz.com
The Haaretz building, a low-slung building in south Tel Aviv, is situated on a street named for the Schocken family. The Haaretz building houses the art collection of Amos Schocken, one of the country's major collectors of Israeli art, some of it politically subversive.
Supplements and special features (print edition)
- By Haaretz (2011-08-01). "Aluf Benn named new editor-in-chief of Haaretz". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Service, Haaretz (2008-02-12). "Dov Alfon named as new Haaretz editor-in-chief". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- "Israel Press, Media, TV, Radio, Newspapers – newspaper, television, news, circulation, stations, papers, number, print, freedom, broadcasting, advertising, role". Press Reference. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Beckerman, Gal (September/October 2005). "Disengaged". Columbia Journalism Review. Retrieved 21 June 2007.
- Haaretz service. Dov Alfon named as new Haaretz editor-in-chief. Haaretz, 13 February 2008.
- Haaretz stuff (26 October 2007). "Subscribe to Haaretz". Haaretz.
- Stephen Glazin (6 September 2007). "Ha'aretz, Israel's Liberal Beacon". The Nation.
- "Israel Hayom Surpasses Yedioth Ahronoth to Become Country's Most-Read Newspaper". Israel Hayom Newsletter. 20 July 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2011.
- Downfall of a Great NewspaperErez Tadmor, May 2013, Issue 2, Tower Magazine]]
- Karpin, Michael (2006). The Bomb in the Basement. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. ix. ISBN 0-7432-6595-5.
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- Rabinovich-Einy, Orna (Winter 2007). "Beyond IDR: Resolving Hospital Disputes and Healing Ailing Organizations Through ITR". St. John's Law Review 81 (1/2): 173.
- Rebecca L. Torstrick. Culture and Customs of Israel. Greenwood Publishing Group, 2006
- Idith Zertal, Chaya Galai. Israel's Holocaust and the Politics of Nationhood. Cambridge University Press, 2005.
- Elizabeth Poole, John E. Richardson. Muslims and the News Media. I.B.Tauris, 2006/
- Dan Caspi, Yehiel Limor. The IN/Outsiders: Mass Media in Israel. Hampton Press, 1999. p. 79.
- עורך 'הארץ' לשעבר: 'הארץ' איבד את מעמדו הציבוריNRG Maariv, 01/08/2013
- Downfall of a Great NewspaperErez Tadmor, May 2013, Issue 2, The Tower
- מרמרי: 'הארץ' הפך משחקן במגרש למשקיף מהמרפסת 08/01/13 Hanan Amiur
- "TAU – Institute of Jewish Press and Communications – The Andrea and Charles Bronfman Center". Tau.ac.il. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Marmari, Hanoch (2004-04-16). "A fine and fragile balance". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Encyclopedia Judaica, Newspapers, Hebrew, vol. 12, Keter Books, Jerusalem, 1978
- Haaretz history, Tom Segev
- A newspaper's mission – Haaretz
- "M. DuMont Schauberg. Press-release". Dumont.eu. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Koren, Ronny (2006-08-13). "Germany's DuMont invests 25m euros in Haaretz". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- "Haaretz's 'Nazi problem'". Ynetnews.com. 1995-06-20. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- "Russian immigrant billionaire buys 20% of "Haaretz"". Globes. 2011-06-12. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Koopmans, Ofira (4 October 2012). "Journalists at Israel's Haaretz newspaper strike over job cuts". Europe Online. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- "'Haaretz' daily not printed today". Globes. 4 October 2012. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
- "Problems at Israel's Haaretz: Newspaper Without a Country". Spiegel. Retrieved 5 March 2010.
- Hanoch Marmari speaks about Haaretz http://webcache.googleusercontent.com/search?q=cache:fIMAMItDFyMJ:www.pij.org/details.php%3Fid%3D376+gershom+gustav+schocken&hl=en&ct=clnk&cd=4
- About, Haaretz, retrieved 24 July 2008
- Dan Caspi. Media Decentralization: The Case of Israel's Local Newspapers. Transaction Publishers, 1986.
- Sharkansky, Ira (2000), The Politics of Religion and the Religion of Politics: Looking at Israel, Lexington Books
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- "Israeli media vents fury at Likud". BBC. 17 December 2002. Retrieved 4 May 2010.
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- Remnick, David (28 February 2011). "The Dissenters". The New Yorker. Retrieved 12 October 2012.
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- Are Religious Soldiers To Blame for Alleged Abuse? J. J. Goldberg, The Forward, 3 April 2009. Re-linked 11 September 2011
- Ross, Oakland (5 October 2008). "News and views that inspire love or kindle hatred". The Toronto Star. Archived from the original on 13 September 2012. Retrieved 13 October 2012.
- Levin, Andrea (6 August 2001). "Ha’aretz Fuels Anti-Israel Bias". CAMERA. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
- Matt Viser. Attempted objectivity: An analysis of the New York Times and Ha'aretz and their portrayals of the Palestinian-Israeli conflict. The Harvard International Journal of Press/Politics. 2003, Vol. 8, No. 4, 114–120.
- Limmud diary: Creme de la Kremlin?
- Media Matters: Peripheral vision – one Acre and half a dunam
- Shame on 'Haaretz' by Isi Leibler, Jerusalem Post, 6 November 2007} Retrieved 11 September 2011
- Gil Hoffman, "Haaretz fiddled with Obama poll", Jerusalem Post, 22 March 2010.
- Michael Freund, Fundamentally Freund: Awakening the Left", Jerusalem Post, 14 April 2010.
- Caroline Glick, "The Haaretz spy scandal: Haaretz provides Israeli affirmation for anti-Israel attitudes", Jerusalem Post, 16 April 2010.
- Ben-Dror Yemini, "Haaretz could not be more wrong – or misleading", Jerusalem Post, 20 April 2010.
- "חדשות, ידיעות מהארץ והעולם – עיתון הארץ". Haaretz.co.il. 2013-02-06. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- "Haaretz Daily Newspaper Israel". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Ten ways to make sure that peace stays dead – Haaretz
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- Haaretz reporters Klein, Reznick win Sokolov Award for Journalism – Haaretz – Israel News
- Carmel, Asaf (2007-11-09). "Fellow journalists to honor Haaretz commentator Yoel Marcus in Eilat". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Special Report[dead link]
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- The long goodbye – Haaretz – Israel News
- Ben, Daniel (2008-06-13). "Daniel Ben-Simon: Why I'm leaving journalism for politics". Haaretz.com. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Avivi, Gidi (2001-07-18). "Gidi Avivi: Irresistible look at a master". Haaretz. Retrieved 2013-02-10.
- Haaretz correspondent Akiva Eldar wins Mideast journalism award – Haaretz
- Aviva Lori, veteran writer for Haaretz Magazine, passes away
- Problems at Israel's Haaretz: Newspaper Without a Country by Christoph Schult, Der Spiegel, 31 December 2008.
- The Dissenters - Haaretz prides itself on being the conscience of Israel. Does it have a future? by David Reminick, The New Yorker, 28 February 2011