Habersham County, Georgia
|Habersham County, Georgia|
Location in the state of Georgia
Georgia's location in the U.S.
|Named for||Joseph Habersham|
|• Total||279.20 sq mi (723 km2)|
|• Land||278.17 sq mi (720 km2)|
|• Water||1.03 sq mi (3 km2), 0.37%|
|• Density||129/sq mi (50/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Habersham County is a county located in the U.S. state of Georgia. It was created on December 15, 1818, and named for Colonel Joseph Habersham. As of the 2010 census, the population was 43,041. Clarkesville is the county seat.
Chartered in 1823, the county seat is named for John C. Clark, Revolutionary War General and Governor.
According to the 2000 census,[dated info] the county has a total area of 279.20 square miles (723.1 km2), of which 278.17 square miles (720.5 km2) (or 99.63%) is land and 1.03 square miles (2.7 km2) (or 0.37%) is water. The county includes part of Chattahoochee National Forest.
The highest point in the county is a 4,400-foot (1,300 m) knob less than 700 feet (210 m) southeast of the top of Tray Mountain, the seventh-highest mountain in Georgia. Habersham shares this portion of Tray Mountain, just 30 vertical feet shy of the peak's 4,430-foot summit, with White County to the west and Towns County to the north. 2.4 miles to the northeast of Tray Mountain is Young Lick (elevation 3,809 feet (1,161 m)). The Appalachian Trail runs along the top of the high ridge between Young Lick and Tray, a part of the Blue Ridge Mountain crest.
- Out of the hills of Habersham,
- Down the valleys of Hall,
- I hurry amain to reach the plain,
- Run the rapid and leap the fall,
- Split at the rock and together again.
The county was cut up dramatically in the late 19th century, creating Lumpkin, White, Stephens, Banks, and Franklin counties.
As of 2012, the county is split into 14 voting precincts:
- North: Batesville, Cool Springs, Fair Play, Deep Creek, Glade Creek, Fork, Falling Water, Clarkesville
- South: Demorest, Center Hill, Cornelia, View, Mud Creek and Baldwin
Chad Henderson serves a Chairman of the Board of County Commissioners. Since 2011, Habersham County has been represented in the Georgia House of Representatives by Republican member Terry Rogers. Habersham County was represented in the US House of Representatives as part of the 10th District. Representative Charlie Norwood represented the county for one month, until his death (February 13, 2007). The seat remained vacant until a special election in July 2007 which was won by Republican Athens physician Paul Broun.
With the 2012 reapportionment, Habersham County became part of the 9th congressional district. Former Georgia House of Representatives member Doug Collins won the seat in 2012 election.
As of the census of 2000,[dated info] there were 35,902 people, 13,259 households, and 9,851 families residing in the county. The population density was 129 people per square mile (50/km²). There were 14,634 housing units at an average density of 53 per square mile (20/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 88.88% White, 4.48% Black or African American, 1.89% Asian, 0.29% Native American, 0.10% Pacific Islander, 2.99% from other races, and 1.36% from two or more races. 7.66% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 13,259 households out of which 32.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.90% were married couples living together, 9.30% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.70% were non-families. 22.40% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.60% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county the population was spread out with 23.50% under the age of 18, 11.10% from 18 to 24, 28.50% from 25 to 44, 23.10% from 45 to 64, and 13.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 105.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.00 males.
The median income for a household in the county was $36,321, and the median income for a family was $42,235. Males had a median income of $28,803 versus $23,046 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,706. About 8.80% of families and 12.20% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.40% of those under age 18 and 15.00% of those age 65 or over.
Lee Arrendale State Prison was built in 1926 and the prison was named after Lee Arrendale, former Chairman of the Georgia Board of Corrections after he and his wife were killed in a plane crash. It began its existence as a TB Hospital and operated till the mid-1950s when it was turned over to the Georgia Prison system. Once acquired by the Georgia Department of Corrections, its focus then turned to using the prison to house youthful offenders from ages 18–25. Over a short amount of time, the influx of young, reckless and ruthless inmates lead Lee Arrendale to gain a bad reputation as the second most violent all-men prisons in the state. In 2005, however the Department of Corrections decided to make the prison an exclusive general purpose women's prison. As a result of the prison's past troubles and reputation for violence, the state decided to make this change to improve the prisons status in the state. In March 2006, the prison took in 350 women prisoners from Georgia's overflowing jail system to start this process.
Lee Arrendale is also home to the United States' first all-female fire department and the state's first inmate fire department, thanks to the Georgia Department of Corrections' (GDC) Fire Services Division. The GDC operates many fire departments throughout the state, staffed solely by inmates, who are supervised by GDC employees who are also trained, not only as a certified officers but also as a professional firefighter. The inmate firefighter program provides fire protection to the largely rural communities without local or volunteer fire departments near the prisons, as well as to other locations in Georgia during emergencies. Inmates are trained and certified in accordance with Georgia law and the Georgia Firefighter Standards and Training Council, as with any regular fire department. In 2007, inmate fire squads responded to the wildfires in South Georgia near Waycross, Georgia, in addition to the hundreds of other alarms they received statewide.
Cities and towns
- Blair Line
- Piedmont College
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Habersham County, Georgia
- United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
- "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13.
- Habersham delays consolidation of voting precincts, a June 19, 2012 article by Rob Moore from AccessNorthGa.com. Retrieved on 2012-09-14.
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
- "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- "Arrendale State Prison." Georgia Department of Corrections. Retrieved on November 15, 2010. "ADDRESS: 2023 GAINESVILLE HWY SOUTH POST OFFICE BOX 709 ALTO, GA 30510."
- Chamber of Commerce web site from local Chamber of Commerce
- Habersham County web site from Roadside Georgia
||Towns County||Rabun County|
|White County||Oconee County, South Carolina and Stephens County|
|Hall County||Banks County|