Habib Bey Salimov

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Habib Bey Salimov
Həbib bəy Səlimov
Chief of General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces
In office
August 1, 1918 – December 30, 1920
Preceded by Office established
Succeeded by Lieutenant General
Mammad Bey Shulkevich
Personal details
Born (1881-02-08)February 8, 1881
Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan
Died December 30, 1920(1920-12-30) (aged 39)
Baku, Azerbaijan
Religion Islam
Military service
Service/branch MN.png Azerbaijani Armed Forces
Years of service 1900 - 1920
Rank Major General
Battles/wars Armenian–Azerbaijani War

Habib bey Haji Yusif oglu Salimov (Azerbaijani: Həbib bəy Səlimov Hacı Yusif oğlu; February 8, 1881 - December 30, 1920) was the first Chief of General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic.[1]

Early life[edit]

Salimov was born on February 8, 1881 in Nakhchivan, Azerbaijan and completed school in Erivan where his father worked as a judge of Erivan Governorate. On August 12, 1900 he volunteered to serve in the 39th division of the 156th Elisabethpol regiment of the Russian Imperial Army's Caucasus corps. After completing his studies as a military school in Tiflis, Salimov served in the 3rd Caucasus battalion in Julfa and was a part of a reconnaissance mission in Tehran. As a second lieutenant of 5th Caucasus battalion, he was conferred with the Order of St. Vladimir of 4th degree and on August 9, 1912 he was promoted to Stabskapitän. In the midst of World War I, Salimov was conferred with Order of Saint Stanislaus of the 3rd degree for "excellence in the activities against the enemy".[2]

Service in Azerbaijani Army[edit]

He graduated from Nikolaev Military Academy of Chiefs of Staff of the Russian Empire on March 4, 1918.[1][2] After establishment of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic, Colonel Salimov returned to Azerbaijan and was appointed Chief of Documentation Department of Azerbaijani Army. In mid 1918, Salimov's professionalism was noticed by General Nuru Pasha of Army of Islam, who appointed him Chief of Staff of the Azerbaijani corps. Salimov was subsequently charged with leading the Azerbaijani units towards Baku along the Ganja-Baku Railway. Having liberated terminals at Nəvai, Atbulaq and Ələt by August 1, 1918,[3] he marched towards Baku. For his service in the liberation of Baku on September 15, 1918 Habib Bey Salimov was promoted to General Major on February 23, 1919 by Minister of Defense Samad bey Mehmandarov according to Order No. 30.[3] Salimov was the second high ranking general of newly established Azerbaijani Army after Mammad Bey Shulkevich. During the Armenian uprising in Karabakh on March 22, 1920 led by Dashnaks Dali Kazar (Kazarov) and Drastamat Kanayan, Salimov was charged to lead a 20 thousand strong expedition to put down the rebellion.[1] The force led by Salimov included the 3rd Ganja, 5th Baku, 1st Javanshir, 4th Quba and 8th Agdam regiments.[3] Azerbaijani counterattack started on April 3 and after 12 days of fighting, control over Karabakh was restored by Azerbaijani forces. Dali Kazar was killed and General Kanayan fled Karabakh.[1] On August 1, 1918 with formal establishment of the Ministry of Defense of Azerbaijan, Habib Bey Salimov was appointed Chief of General Staff of Azerbaijani Armed Forces.[4][5]

After occupation of Azerbaijan by Bolsheviks, Salimov was appointed Military Commissar to Nakhchivan. However, Salimov refused to work with Bolsheviks and was arrested on September 1, 1920. On December 30, 1920 he was executed by firing squad.[1]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Adam bioqrafiya bankı. Həbib bəy Səlimov" [Adam. Biography bank. Habib Bey Salimov]. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  2. ^ a b Азербайджанская Демократическая Республика (1918―1920). Законодательные акты. [Azerbaijan Democratic Republic. Legislative acts (1918-1920)]. Baku: Archives. 1998. p. 196. 
  3. ^ a b c Shamistan Nazirli (2010-05-28). "Генерал Габиб бек Салимов (1881-1920)" [General Habib Bey Salimov (1918-1920)]. Zerkalo. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  4. ^ Ramil Mammadli (2009-06-26). "APA. Azerbaijani Armed Forces mark its 91 years on Friday. First military unit – the special corpse was established by the decision of the government of Azerbaijan Democratic Republic on June 26, 1918. Then army call up decree was signed". Azeri Press Agency,. Retrieved 2011-09-15. 
  5. ^ "93 years passed since building Azerbaijani Army". News.az. 2011-06-26. Retrieved 2011-09-15.