|Minister of Interior of Egypt|
November 1997 – 31 January 2011
|Preceded by||Hassan Al Alfi|
|Succeeded by||Mahmoud Wagdy|
|Born||1938 (age 76–77)
|Political party||National Democratic Party|
|Birth name||Mohammad Habib el-Adly|
|Service/branch||Ministry of Interior (Egypt)|
|Years of service||1960-1997|
Habib Ibrahim El-Adly (Arabic: حبيب إبراهيم العادلى pronounced [ħæˈbiːb ebɾɑˈhiːm elˈʕædli]) (born 1938) is a former Egyptian politician. He served as interior minister of Egypt from 1997 to 2011. He was the longest serving interior minister under President Hosni Mubarak.
Following the 2011 Egyptian revolution, Adly was convicted of corruption and conspiring to kill protestors and was sentenced to life in prison.
Early life and education
Adly was born in 1938. He graduated from the police academy in 1960.
In 1965, Adly joined the State Security Investigations Service. After working at various investigation departments, he was employed at the foreign ministry from 1982 to 1984. He then investigated state security matters, and became assistant interior minister in 1993. He replaced General Hassan Al Alfi as interior minister following the November 1997 Luxor massacre. Adly was one of the most significant figures who supported Mubarak during his reign.
Adly served as interior minister in two different cabinets. He was replaced by Mahmoud Wagdy on 31 January 2011 as part of a cabinet reshuffle aimed at appeasing the mass protests during 2011 Egyptian revolution.
During the uprising, the Egyptian attorney general announced Adly had been given a travel ban. Following Mubarak's resignation, Adly and two other former ministers were arrested on corruption charges. His assets were ordered frozen by a court order. Adly is estimated to have amassed a fortune of 1.2 billion US dollars. He pleaded not guilty to corruption charges on 5 March 2011, answering questions by the judge on whether he had illegally profited from his government position or laundered money by saying "that did not happen." On 5 May 2011, Adly was found guilty of fraud and money laundering and sentenced to 12 years in prison. In June 2012, Adly, along with deposed president Hosni Mubarak, was found guilty of conspiring to kill protestors during the uprising and was sentenced to life in prison in May 2012. In March 2013, the conviction was overturned by the Court of Cassation and a retrial was requested.
- Ahmad Zaki Osman (24 January 2011). "Egypt's police: From liberators to oppressors". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 6 September 2013.
- "Who’s Who". Connected in Cairo. Retrieved 5 October 2014.
- "Shake-Up in Cairo Follows Tourists' Killings". The New York Times. 20 November 1997.
- Rana Muhammad Taha; Hend Kortam; Nouran El Behairy (11 February 2013). "The Rise and fall of Mubarak". Daily News Egypt. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- "Mubarak swears in new cabinet". Al Jazeera. 31 January 2011.
- Sharp, Jeremy M. (11 February 2011). "Egypt: The January 25 Revolution and Implications for U.S. Foreign Policy" (PDF). CRS Report for Congress. Retrieved 5 March 2013.
- Egypt bans ex-ministers from travel Al Jazeera. 3 February 2011
- Egypt after Mubarak: Three ex-ministers arrested BBC News. 17 February 2011
- Finnan, David Cairo court orders former Interior Minister Adly's assets seized Radio France Internationale 17 February 2011
- Hosni Mubarak's estimated $70 billion fortune makes him richer than Carlos Slim and Bill Gates
- MacFarquhar, Neil. Stack, Liam. Ex-Security Chief Hauled to Court as Egyptians Storm His Compound The New York Times, 5 March 2011.
- Egypt ex-minister Habib al-Adly jailed for 12 years BBC News. 5 May 2011
- Mubarak receives life term for protest deaths Al Jazeera 2 June 2012
- "Graft trial of Mubarak-era interior minister El-Adly adjourned". Ahram Online. 10 June 2013. Retrieved 24 July 2013.
Hassan Al Alfi
|Minister of Interior
1997 - 2011