Hachisuka Mochiaki

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Hachisuka Mochiaki
Hachisuka Mochiaki.jpg
Hachisuka Mochiaki
14th (Hachisuka) Lord of Tokushima
In office
1868-1871
Preceded by Hachisuka Narihiro
Succeeded by none (domain abolished)
Hachisuka family head
In office
1868-1871
Preceded by Hachisuka Narihiro
Succeeded by Hachisuka Masaaki
Governor of Tokyo
In office
1890-1891
Preceded by Takasaki Goroku
Succeeded by Tomita Tetsunosuke
President of the House of Peers
In office
1891-1896
Preceded by Itō Hirobumi
Succeeded by Konoe Atsumaro
Minister of Education
In office
1896-1897
Preceded by Saionji Kinmochi
Succeeded by Hamao Arata
Personal details
Born (1846-09-28)September 28, 1846
Died February 10, 1918(1918-02-10) (aged 71)
Nationality Japanese
In this Japanese name, the family name is "Hachisuka".

Marquis Hachisuka Mochiaki (蜂須賀 茂韶?, 28 September 1846 – 10 February 1918) was the 14th and final daimyo of Tokushima Domain, Awa Province, and the 2nd President of the House of Peers in Meiji period Japan.

Early life[edit]

Hachisuka was born at the Hachisuka domain residence in Edo, as the eldest son of the 13th daimyo Hachisuka Narihiro (1821–1868). Hachisuka Narihiro was the 22nd child of Shogun Tokugawa Ienari, and was adopted into the Hachisuka clan as the 12th daimyo, Hachisuka Narimasa was childless. Thus, Mochiaki was the grandson of Tokugawa Ienari. However, when his father suddenly died in 1868 and he became heir, Japan was already in the midst of the Boshin War leading to the Meiji Restoration. Quick to see the direction in which the wind was blowing, he pledged loyalty to the Imperial forces, and led his troops against Tokugawa partisans in Mutsu Province. His forces were armed with western rifles and accompanied by British military advisors, giving him a much greater strength than their small numbers might have indicated.

Political career[edit]

In 1869, with the hanseki hokan (Abolition of the han system), he was appointed Governor of Tokushima Prefecture.

In 1872, Hachisuka went to Great Britain and attended Oxford University. After returning to Japan, he joined the government as Director of the Customs Bureau director in the Ministry of Finance and a member of Sanjiin (legislative advisory council).

In 1882, Hachisuka was envoy extraordinary and minister plenipotentiary to France, and received the title of kōshaku (marquis) under the new kazoku peerage system. After returning to Japan, he served as a member of the House of Peers, Governor of Tokyo Prefecture, President of the House of Peers, Minister of Education, and Privy Councillor.

He died in 1918, and his grave is located in Tokushima.

Honours[edit]

Translated from the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  • Marquess (7 July 1884)
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun (27 December 1903) (Second Class: 12 March 1896; Third Class: 24 May 1882)
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun with Paulownia Flowers (10 February 1918; posthumous)

Order of precedence[edit]

  • Fourth rank (March 1860)
  • Second rank (March 1868)
  • Senior second rank (20 December 1895)
  • First rank (10 February 1918; posthumous)

Personal life[edit]

Hachisuka Mochiaki ran an experimental farm in Hokkaidō, as he often stated that the nobility needed to have some gainful employment other than government service. He also enjoyed haiku poetry and noh drama and actively promoted these traditional arts.

Reference and further reading[edit]

  • Beasley, W. G. The Meiji Restoration. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1972.
  • Cobbing, Andrew. The Japanese Discovery of Victorian Britain. RoutledgeCurzon, London, 1998. ISBN 1-873410-81-6
  • Fraser, Andrew. Japan's Early Parliaments, 1890-1905. Routledge(1995). ISBN 0-415-03075-7
  • Koyama Noboru. Japanese Students at Cambridge University in the Meiji Era, 1868-1912: Pioneers for the Modernization of Japan. Lulu.com (2004). ISBN 1-4116-1256-6

External links[edit]

Preceded by
Hachisuka Narihiro
14th (Hachisuka) Lord of Tokushima
1868-1871
Succeeded by
none (domain abolished)
Preceded by
Hachisuka Narihiro
Hachisuka family head
1868-1871
Succeeded by
Hachisuka Masaaki
Preceded by
Takasaki Goroku
Governor of Tokyo
1890-1891
Succeeded by
Tomita Tetsunosuke
Preceded by
Itō Hirobumi
President of the House of Peers
1891-1896
Succeeded by
Konoe Atsumaro
Preceded by
Saionji Kinmochi
Minister of Education
1896-1897
Succeeded by
Hamao Arata