Hackensack, New Jersey

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Hackensack, New Jersey
City
City of Hackensack
Bergen County Court House
Bergen County Court House
Motto: A City in Motion[1]
Location of Hackensack within Bergen County, New Jersey.
Location of Hackensack within Bergen County, New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Hackensack, New Jersey
Census Bureau map of Hackensack, New Jersey
Coordinates: 40°53′22″N 74°02′45″W / 40.889398°N 74.045698°W / 40.889398; -74.045698Coordinates: 40°53′22″N 74°02′45″W / 40.889398°N 74.045698°W / 40.889398; -74.045698[2][3]
Country  United States
State  New Jersey
County Bergen
Settled 1665 (as New Barbadoes)
Incorporated October 31, 1693 (as New Barbadoes Township)
Reincorporated November 21, 1921 (as a city under current name)
Government[8]
 • Type 1923 Municipal Manager Law
 • Mayor John P. Labrosse, Jr. (term ends June 30, 2017)[4][5]
 • City manager Stephen Lo Iacono[6]
 • Clerk Debbie Heck[7]
Area[3]
 • Total 4.346 sq mi (11.256 km2)
 • Land 4.180 sq mi (10.826 km2)
 • Water 0.166 sq mi (0.430 km2)  3.82%
Area rank 287th of 566 in state
16th of 70 in county[3]
Elevation[9] 20 ft (6 m)
Population (2010 Census)[10][11][12]
 • Total 43,010
 • Estimate (2013)[13] 44,113
 • Rank 46th of 566 in state
1st of 70 in county[14]
 • Density 10,290.0/sq mi (3,973.0/km2)
 • Density rank 36th of 566 in state
10th of 70 in county[14]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 07601[15][16]
Area code(s) 201[17]
FIPS code 3400328680[18][3][19]
GNIS feature ID 885236[20][3]
Website www.hackensack.org

Hackensack is a city in Bergen County, New Jersey, United States, and serves as its county seat.[21][22] It was officially named New Barbadoes Township until 1921, though it was informally known as Hackensack. As of the 2010 United States Census, the city's population was 43,010,[10][11][12] reflecting an increase of 333 (+0.8%) from the 42,677 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 5,628 (+15.2%) from the 37,049 counted in the 1990 Census.[23]

An inner suburb of New York City, Hackensack is located approximately 12 miles (19 km) northwest of Midtown Manhattan and about 7 miles (11 km) from the George Washington Bridge.[24] From a number of locations, one can see the New York City skyline.[24]

The Metropolitan Campus of Fairleigh Dickinson University borders the Hackensack River in both Hackensack and Teaneck. Hackensack is also the home of the New Jersey Naval Museum and the World War II submarine USS Ling. Astronaut Walter Schirra is perhaps Hackensack's most famous native son.

The city is known for a great diversity of neighborhoods and land uses existing in very close proximity to each other. Within its borders are the prominent Hackensack University Medical Center, a trendy high-rise district about a mile long, classic suburban neighborhoods of single-family houses, stately older homes on acre-plus lots, older two-family neighborhoods, large garden apartment complexes, industrial areas, the Bergen County Jail, a tidal river, Hackensack River County Park, Borg's Woods Nature Preserve, various city parks, large office buildings, a major college campus, the Bergen County Court House, a vibrant small-city downtown district, and various small neighborhood business districts.[25]

Geography[edit]

View of Hackensack from a plane

Hackensack is located at 40°53′22″N 74°02′45″W / 40.889398°N 74.045698°W / 40.889398; -74.045698 (40.889398,-74.045698). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city had a total area of 4.346 square miles (11.256 km2), of which 4.180 square miles (10.826 km2) is land and 0.166 square miles (0.430 km2, 3.82%) is water.[3][2]

The city is bordered by Paramus, River Edge, Teaneck, Bogota, Ridgefield Park, Little Ferry, South Hackensack, Hasbrouck Heights, Lodi, and Maywood.

There are many houses of historic value, and some of these were identified in the 1990 Master Plan. The city does not have any registered historic districts, or any restrictions on preserving the historic facade in any portions of the city. Areas considered suburban single-family residential neighborhoods account for about one third of the city's area, mostly along its western side.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1810 2,835
1820 2,592 −8.6%
1830 1,693 * −34.7%
1840 2,104 24.3%
1850 2,265 7.7%
1860 3,558 57.1%
1870 4,929 38.5%
1880 4,248 * −13.8%
1890 6,004 41.3%
1900 9,443 * 57.3%
1910 14,050 48.8%
1920 17,667 25.7%
1930 24,568 39.1%
1940 26,279 7.0%
1950 29,219 11.2%
1960 30,521 4.5%
1970 36,008 18.0%
1980 36,039 0.1%
1990 37,049 2.8%
2000 42,677 15.2%
2010 43,010 0.8%
Est. 2013 44,113 [13] 2.6%
Population sources: 1850-1920[26]
1850-1870[27] 1850[28] 1870[29]
1880-1890[30] 1890-1910[31] 1880-1930[32]
1900-2010[33][34][35] 2000[36][37] 2010[10][11][12]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[38]

Ethnic diversity[edit]

As the initial destination for many immigrants to Bergen County from around the globe, Hackensack's ethnic composition has become exceptionally diverse. As of 2008, approximately 37.2% of the population was foreign-born. In addition, 2.7% was born in Puerto Rico, a U.S. territory, or abroad to American parents. Over 55% of the population over the age of five speak only English in their household, while 31.3% of the population speaks Spanish at home.[39] The South Asian and East Asian populations have increased most rapidly in Hackensack since 2000, with nearly 2,000 Indian Americans, over 1,000 Filipino Americans, and over 600 Korean Americans represented in the 2010 United States Census.[40] Hackensack's Hispanic population has also risen rapidly, to over 15,000 in 2010.[40] The Black population dropped as a percentage although minimally in absolute numbers between 2000 and 2010.[40] The city lost approximately 10% of its Caucasian population between 2000 and 2010, which has stabilized and resumed growth since 2010 and has remained substantial, at over 20,000 in 2010.[40] The city has also witnessed greatly increasing diversity in its non-Hispanic white segment, with large numbers of Eastern Europeans, Eurasians, Central Asians, and Arabic immigrants offsetting the loss in Hackensack's earlier established Italian American, Irish American, and German American populations.

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 43,010 people, 18,142 households, and 9,706 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,290.0 per square mile (3,973.0/km2). There were 19,375 housing units at an average density of 4,635.4 per square mile (1,789.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 46.67% (20,072) White, 24.44% (10,511) Black or African American, 0.56% (241) Native American, 10.30% (4,432) Asian, 0.02% (10) Pacific Islander, 13.59% (5,844) from other races, and 4.42% (1,900) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 35.31% (15,186) of the population.[10]

There were 18,142 households, of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.1% were married couples living together, 13.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 46.5% were non-families. 39.3% of all households were made up of individuals, and 10.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.30 and the average family size was 3.11.[10]

In the city, 18.7% of the population were under the age of 18, 8.3% from 18 to 24, 34.6% from 25 to 44, 26.1% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37.5 years. For every 100 females there were 98.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.4 males.[10]

The Census Bureau's 2006-2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $57,676 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,577) and the median family income was $66,911 (+/- $5,433). Males had a median income of $45,880 (+/- $4,012) versus $42,059 (+/- $1,681) for females. The per capita income for the city was $32,036 (+/- $1,809). About 8.9% of families and 10.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 13.2% of those under age 18 and 11.7% of those age 65 or over.[41]

Same-sex couples headed 145 households in 2010, an increase from the 112 counted in 2000.[42]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[18] there were 42,677 people, 18,113 households, and 9,545 families residing in the city. The population density was 10,358.3 people per square mile (3,999.4/km2). There were 18,945 housing units at an average density of 4,598.2 per square mile (1,775.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 52.61% White, 24.65% African American, 0.45% Native American, 7.45% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 9.71% from other races, and 5.08% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 25.92% of the population.[36][37]

There were 18,113 households out of which 21.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 34.8% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 47.3% were non-families. 39.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 3.08.[36][37]

In the city the population was spread out with 18.2% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 38.4% from 25 to 44, 22.3% from 45 to 64, and 12.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 98.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.5 males.[36][37]

The median income for a household in the city was $49,316, and the median income for a family was $56,953. Males had a median income of $39,636 versus $32,911 for females. The per capita income for the city was $26,856. About 6.8% of families and 9.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.1% of those under age 18 and 10.3% of those age 65 or over.[36][37]

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Hackensack operates under the 1923 Municipal Manager Law form of New Jersey municipal government. The City Council consists of five members who are elected to four-year terms on a concurrent basis in a non-partisan election held every four years in May.[8] This form of government separates policy making (the work of the mayor and city council) from the execution of policy (the work of the city manager). This maintains professional management and a City-wide perspective through: nonpartisan election, at-large representation, concentration of executive responsibility in the hands of a professional manager accountable to the Mayor and Council, concentration of policy making power in one body: a five-person Mayor and Council. In the several decades in which the City has used the Municipal Manager form of government, Hackensack has had only nine City Managers.

As of 2014, the mayor of the City of Hackensack is John P. Labrosse, Jr., whose term of office as mayor ends June 30, 2017, along with all other councilmembers.[4][43] Other members of the Hackensack City Council are Deputy Mayor Kathleen Canestrino, Leonardo 'Leo' Battaglia, Rose Greenman and David Sims.[43][44] John Labrosse, who served as councilman since 2009, and the entire council were elected in May 2013 under the "Citizens for Change" party, which replaced the mayor and three council members who had been supported by the Zisa family. The mayor and deputy mayor will serve four-year terms. In the previous council, mayors and deputy mayors served one-year rotating terms.[43]

In a move to eliminate past Zisa family political influence, the 2013 city council did not reappoint Joseph Zisa, the city attorney; Richard Salkin, the municipal prosecutor; and Scirocco Insurance Group, the city’s insurance broker where former city mayor Jack Zisa is an insurance agent.[43]

City Council candidate Joseph DeFalco, principal of Hackensack High School, died of a heart attack the day of the municipal election in 2005, but was elected despite his death.[45] His running mates agreed to create a rotation under which each of the four surviving members of the New Visions for Hackensack slate would serve for a year as Mayor, creating a series of firsts for the City. Townes took office in 2005 as the city's first black mayor, and Sasso became the first female mayor in 2006. Meneses became Hackensack's first Hispanic mayor when he was sworn in on July 1, 2007, and Melfi took the reins as mayor in 2008.[46] Four of the same five officials were re-elected in 2009 (Townes, Melfi, Sasso, Meneses), along with one opposition candidate, LaBrosse. The city council continued to rotate the mayor's seat, with the exception of Labrosse, and Melfi became mayor again in 2012.

Frank Zisa served as mayor from 1977 to 1981, Fred Cerbo from 1981 to 1989, and John F. "Jack" Zisa (son of Frank Zisa) from 1989 to 2005.

Former Assemblyman Charles "Ken" Zisa served as chief of the Hackensack Police Department from his 1995 appointment to replace John Aletta until May 2010 when he was suspended without pay on charges of official misconduct and insurance fraud. Tomas Padilla was appointed the acting police chief while the police department was being monitored by the Bergen County Prosecutors office. In May 2012, a judge ordered Zisa out of his position as police chief, a decision that cost him his police retirement benefits.[47][48][49] In January 2013, Mike Mordaga was appointed the new civilian police director, which replaced the previous position of police chief.[50]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Hackensack is located in the 5th Congressional District[51] and is part of New Jersey's 37th state legislative district.[11][52][53] Prior to the 2010 Census, Hackensack had been part of the 9th Congressional District, a change made by the New Jersey Redistricting Commission that took effect in January 2013, based on the results of the November 2012 general elections.[54]

New Jersey's Fifth Congressional District is represented by Scott Garrett (R, Wantage Township).[55] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[56][57] and Bob Menendez (D, Paramus).[58][59]

The 37th Legislative District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Loretta Weinberg (D, Teaneck) and in the General Assembly by Valerie Huttle (D, Englewood) and Gordon M. Johnson (D, Englewood).[60] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[61] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[62]

Bergen County is governed by a directly elected County Executive, with legislative functions performed by a seven-member Board of Chosen Freeholders.[63] The County Executive is Kathleen Donovan (R, Rutherford; term ends December 31, 2014).[64] The seven freeholders are elected at-large in partisan elections on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year, with a Chairman, Vice Chairman and Chairman Pro Tempore selected from among its members at a reorganization meeting held each January.[65] As of 2014, Bergen County's Freeholders are Freeholder Chairman David L. Ganz (D, 2014; Fair Lawn),[66] Vice Chairwoman Joan Voss (D, 2014; Fort Lee),[67] Chairman Pro Tempore John A. Felice (R, 2016; River Edge),[68] Maura R. DeNicola (R, 2016; Franklin Lakes),[69] Steve Tanelli (D, 2015; North Arlington)[70] James J. Tedesco, III (D, 2015; Paramus)[71] and Tracy Silna Zur (D, 2015; Franklin Lakes).[72][73] Countywide constitutional officials are County Clerk John S. Hogan (D, Northvale),[74] Sheriff Michael Saudino (R),[75] Surrogate Michael R. Dressler (D, Cresskill)[76][77][63]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 19,123 registered voters in Hackensack, of which 8,630 (45.1% vs. 31.7% countywide) were registered as Democrats, 1,993 (10.4% vs. 21.1%) were registered as Republicans and 8,492 (44.4% vs. 47.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 8 voters registered to other parties.[78] Among the city's 2010 Census population, 44.5% (vs. 57.1% in Bergen County) were registered to vote, including 54.7% of those ages 18 and over (vs. 73.7% countywide).[78][79]

In the 2012 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 11,335 votes here (78.6% vs. 54.8% countywide), ahead of Republican Mitt Romney with 2,835 votes (19.6% vs. 43.5%) and other candidates with 113 votes (0.8% vs. 0.9%), among the 14,428 ballots cast by the city's 20,971 registered voters, for a turnout of 68.8% (vs. 70.4% in Bergen County).[80][81] In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 11,711 votes here (75.7% vs. 53.9% countywide), ahead of Republican John McCain with 3,498 votes (22.6% vs. 44.5%) and other candidates with 102 votes (0.7% vs. 0.8%), among the 15,461 ballots cast by the city's 20,616 registered voters, for a turnout of 75.0% (vs. 76.8% in Bergen County).[82][83] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 9,815 votes here (71.0% vs. 51.7% countywide), ahead of Republican George W. Bush with 3,870 votes (28.0% vs. 47.2%) and other candidates with 88 votes (0.6% vs. 0.7%), among the 13,818 ballots cast by the city's 19,013 registered voters, for a turnout of 72.7% (vs. 76.9% in the whole county).[84]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Democrat Jon Corzine received 6,247 ballots cast (70.9% vs. 48.0% countywide), ahead of Republican Chris Christie with 2,194 votes (24.9% vs. 45.8%), Independent Chris Daggett with 288 votes (3.3% vs. 4.7%) and other candidates with 31 votes (0.4% vs. 0.5%), among the 8,812 ballots cast by the city's 19,819 registered voters, yielding a 44.5% turnout (vs. 50.0% in the county).[85]

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

The Hackensack Public Schools serve students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. As of the 2011-12 school year, the district's six schools had an enrollment of 5,166 students and 391.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 13.21:1.[86] Schools in the district (with 2011-12 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[87]) are four K–4 elementary schools — Fairmount Elementary School[88] (633 students), Fanny Meyer Hillers School[89] (549), Jackson Avenue School[90] (451), and Nellie K. Parker School[91] (501) — while Hackensack Middle School[92] serves grades 5-8 (1,292) and Hackensack High School[93] serves students in grades 9–12 (1,740).[94][95]

Hackensack High School serves high school students living in neighboring communities as part of sending/receiving relationships with the respective districts, including about 250 from Maywood, 120 from Rochelle Park and 250 from South Hackensack as of 2012.[96] In addition, Teterboro residents had been able to choose between Hackensack High School and Hasbrouck Heights School District's Hasbrouck Heights High School.[citation needed]

Public school students from the borough, and all of Bergen County, are eligible to attend the secondary education programs offered by the Bergen County Technical Schools, which include the Bergen County Academies in Hackensack and the Bergen Tech campus in Teterboro or Paramus. The district offers programs on a shared-time or full-time basis, with admission based on a selective application process and tuition covered by the student's home school district.[97][98]

Private schools[edit]

The First Baptist Church runs a K-12 school called Hackensack Christian School that was established in 1973 and is located at Union Street and Conklin Place.[99]

The YCS George Washington School is a nonprofit private school for classified students ages 5–14 in grades K-8 who are experiencing behavioral and/or emotional difficulties. Its population consists of students who reside at the YCS Holley Child Care and Development Center in Hackensack and students within the surrounding communities whose needs cannot be adequately met in special education programs within their districts.[100]

Padre Pio Academy is a defunct K-8 school that had operated under the auspices of the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Newark until its closure at the end of the 2012-13 school year in the wake of declining enrollment and a deficit approaching $350,000.[101] The school had been formed in 2009 by the diocese through the merger of St. Francis of Assisi School with Holy Trinity.[102]

Colleges and universities[edit]

The Metropolitan Campus of Fairleigh Dickinson University straddles the Hackensack River in both Hackensack and Teaneck.[103]

Bergen Community College has a location in Hackensack. The Philip Ciarco Jr. Learning Center, is located at 355 Main Street at the corner of Passaic Street.[104]

Eastwick College is located at 250 Moore Street.[105]

Transportation[edit]

Roads and highways[edit]

As of 2010, the city had a total of 79.69 miles (128.25 km) of roadways, of which 62.10 miles (99.94 km) were maintained by the municipality, 15.10 miles (24.30 km) by Bergen County and 2.49 miles (4.01 km) by the New Jersey Department of Transportation.[106]

Interstate 80, Route 17, Route 4, and County Route 503 cross Hackensack, while there are many other main roads in Hackensack. Several bridges, including the Court Street Bridge, span the Hackensack River.

Public transportation[edit]

The city is served by three train stations on New Jersey Transit's Pascack Valley Line, two of them in Hackensack, providing service to Hoboken Terminal, with connecting service to Penn Station New York and other NJ Transit service at Secaucus Junction.[107] Anderson Street station[108] serves central Hackensack while Essex Street station[109] serves southern portions of the city. The New Bridge Landing station,[110] located adjacent to the city line in River Edge also serves the northernmost parts of Hackensack, including The Shops at Riverside.

New Jersey Transit buses include lines 144, 157, 162, 163, 164, 165 and 168 serving the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan; the 175, 178 and 182 to the George Washington Bridge Bus Station; the 76 to Newark; the 83 route to Jersey City; and local service on the 709, 712, 751, 752, 753, 755, 756, 762, 770, 772 and 780 lines.[111] Many of the bus routes stop, originate and terminate at the Hackensack Bus Terminal, a regional transit hub.[112] Route 1X jitney of Fordham Transit originates/terminates at the bus terminal with service Inwood, Manhattan via Fort Lee Road.

The Passaic-Bergen Rail Line is a planned light-rail system that will have two stops in Hackensack.[113]

Emergency services[edit]

Hackensack Fire Department

Fire department[edit]

The City of Hackensack is protected by a force of 99 paid, professional firefighters of the city of Hackensack Fire Department(HFD).[114] The HFD was first established on April 1, 1871 as Bergen Hook & Ladder Co. 1. In 1911, the full-time fire department was organized.[115] The Hackensack Fire Department responds to, approximately, 5,600 emergency calls annually.[116]

The Hackensack Ford dealership fire on July 1, 1988, resulted in the deaths of five firefighters after a bowstring truss roof collapsed. A message issued a minute before the collapse ordering firefighters out was never received due to defective communications equipment and two firefighters who had survived the initial collapse could not be rescued as their calls for help were not received.[117]

Nine firefighters from Hackensack have died in the line of duty.[115]

The Hackensack Fire Department currently operates out of four Fire Stations, located throughout the city, under the command of a Deputy Chief/Tour Commander per shift. The HFD also operates a fire apparatus fleet of four Engines, one Ladder, one Rescue, one Collapse Shoring Unit, three Special Operations Units, one Mask Service Unit, two fireboats, one Fire Alarm Maintenance Bucket Truck, two Reserve Engines, one Reserve Ladder, a Reserve Rescue, as well as several other special and support units.[115][118]

Fire station locations and apparatus[115]
Engine company Ladder company Special unit Command unit Address
Engine 1 199 Hudson Street
Engine 2 107 S. Summit Avenue
Engine 4 Ladder 1 Rescue 1, Special Ops 1, Special Ops 2, Special Ops 3, Marine 1, Marine 2, M.S.U. 1, Shoring Unit (Reserve Apparatus - Rescue 2, Ladder 2, Engine 3,Engine 6) Deputy Chief/Tour Commander 205 State St.
Engine 5 784 Main Street

Ambulance[edit]

The Hackensack Volunteer Ambulance Corps provides emergency medical services to Hackensack and other nearby towns through mutual aid agreements. The Corps operates nightly from 6pm to 6am, and 24 hours on Saturday and Sundays.[119] Daytime EMS is provided seven days a week by the Hackensack University Medical Center's ambulance service, overlapping volunteer coverage on weekends. Both the Hackensack University Medical Center and Hackensack Volunteer Ambulance Corps are dispatched by MICCOM, the Northern New Jersey Mobile Intensive Care Communications. MICCOM provides dispatch and emergency medical call taking with pre-arrival instructions and updates.

History[edit]

Hackensack, NJ 1896 map

The first inhabitants of the area were the Lenni Lenape, an Algonquian people (later known as the Delaware Indians) who lived along the valley of what they called the Achinigeu-hach, or "Ackingsah-sack", meaning stony ground (today the Hackensack River).[120] A representation of Chief Oratam of the Achkinhenhcky appears on the Hackensack municipal seal.[121][122]

Settlement by the Dutch West India Company in New Netherland on west banks of the North River (Hudson River) across from New Amsterdam (present-day lower Manhattan) began in the 1630s at Pavonia, eventually leading to the establishment of Bergen (at today's Bergen Square in Jersey City) in 1660.[123]

Oratam, sachem of the Lenni Lenape, deeded the land along mid-Hackensack River to the Dutch in 1665. The area was soon taken by the English in 1667, but kept its Dutch name. Philip Cartaret, governor of what became the proprietary colony of East Jersey granted land to Captain John Berry in the area of Achter Kol[124] and soon after took up residence and called it "New Barbadoes," after having resided on the island of Barbadoes. In 1669, a deed was confirmed for the 2,260 acres (9.1 km2) tract that had been given earlier by Oratem to Sarah Kiersted in gratitude for her work as emissary and interpreter.[125][126] Other grants were given at the English Neighborhood.[127][128][129]

In 1675, the East Jersey Legislature established the administrative districts: (Bergen, Essex, Middlesex, and Monmouth). In 1683, Bergen (along with the three other counties) was officially recognized as an independent county by the Provincial Assembly.[130] The seal of Bergen County bearing this date includes an image of an agreement between the settlers and the natives.

New Barbadoes Township, together with Acquackanonk Township, were formed by Royal Charter on October 31, 1693.[38][131]

In 1700, the village of Hackensack was little more than the area around Main Street from the Courthouse to around Anderson Street. New Barbadoes Township included what is now Maywood, Rochelle Park, Paramus and River Edge, along with those portions of Oradell that are west of the Hackensack River. These areas were all very sparsely populated and consisted of farm fields, woods and swamplands. The few roads that existed then included the streets now known as Kinderkamack Road, Paramus Road/Passaic Street and Essex Street. The southernmost portions of what is now Hackensack were not part of New Barbadoes Township at that time.[citation needed]

The neighborhood that came to be known as the village of Hackensack (today the area encompassing Bergen County's municipal buildings in Hackensack) was a part of Essex County until 1710, when Bergen County, by royal decree of Queen Anne of Great Britain, was enlarged and the Township of New Barbadoes was removed from Essex County and added to Bergen County.[132]

In 1710, the village of Hackensack in the newly formed Township of New Barbadoes was designated as being more centrally located and more easily reached by the majority of the Bergen County’s inhabitants, and hence was chosen as the county seat of Bergen County, as it remains today. The earliest records of the Bergen County Board of Chosen Freeholders date back to 1715, at which time agreement was made to build a courthouse and jail complex, which was completed in 1716.[133]

During the American Revolutionary War, George Washington headquartered in the village of Hackensack in November 1776 during the retreat from Fort Lee via New Bridge Landing and camped on 'The Green' across from the First Dutch Reformed Church on November 20, 1776. A raid by British forces against Hackensack on March 23, 1780, resulted in the destruction by fire of the original courthouse structure.[134]

The Hackensack Improvement Commission was incorporated by an Act of the state legislature approved on April 1, 1868, within New Barbadoes township and including the village of Hackensack, with authority to develop sewers and other improvements in Hackensack.[135]

The New Jersey Legislature passed the Township School Act in 1894, under which each village, borough, town, or city in New Jersey was delegated responsibility for its own public schools through the office of the county superintendent. Hackensack established a local board of education in 1894, as required by the new law, which took over operation of schools located in the township and established Hackensack High School.[136] The 1894 act allowed local residents, by petition, to change municipal boundaries at will, setting off fearsome political battles statewide.

Portions of the township had been taken to form Harrington Township (June 22, 1775), Lodi Township (March 1, 1826), Midland Township (March 7, 1871) and Little Ferry (September 20, 1894).[38] After these departures, secessions, and de-annexations, all that was left of New Barbadoes Township was the village of Hackensack and its surrounding neighborhoods of Fairmount, Red Hill and Cherry Hill. In 1896, New Barbadoes acquired a portion of Lodi Township covering an area south of Essex Street from the bend of Essex Street to the Maywood border. That same year the Hackensack Improvement commission was abolished and the City of Hackensack and New Barbadoes Township became coterminous.[137][138]

The final parcel lost by New Barbadoes Township was the northeastern corner of what is now Little Ferry, which was incorporated in September 1894.[139]

An act of the State Legislature incorporated the Fairmount section of New Barbadoes with the Hackensack Improvement Commission, and eliminated New Barbadoes Township as a political entity. On November 21, 1921, based on the results of a referendum held on November 8, 1921, New Barbadoes Township received its charter to incorporate as a city and officially took on its name “Hackensack,” a name derived from its original inhabitants, the Lenni Lenape, who named it "Ackingsah-sack".[38]

In 1933, Hackensack adopted the Manager form of government under the terms of the 1923 Municipal Manager Law, with five Council persons all elected at-large and a mayor selected by the council from among its members.[140]

Points of interest[edit]

Hackensack's Church On The Green (First Reformed Dutch Church, Hackensack)

The city historian is Albert Dib. Walking tours are conducted of historic markers in downtown Hackensack, in and around The Green and lower Main Street, and a virtual historic walking tour is available as far north as the Pascack Valley Line crossing at Main Street.[141][142]

The First Dutch Reformed Church (“Church on The Green”) was built in 1696. In 1696 Major Berry donated land for the First Dutch Reformed Church,[143] erected in that same year, which still stands in Hackensack today as the oldest church in Bergen County and the second oldest church in New Jersey. The following is list of notable people buried in the Church's adjoining cemetery:

Bergen County's largest newspaper, The Record, a publication of the North Jersey Media Group, had called Hackensack its home until moving to Woodland Park. Its 19.7-acre (8.0 ha) campus is largely abandoned and has been sold to be redeveloped for a mixed-use commercial project that would include 500 residential apartments and a hotel, in associated with the river walkway project.[148]

The New Jersey Naval Museum is home to the World War II submarine USS Ling, a Balao class submarine, and several smaller water vessels and artifacts. The museum is open select weekdays for group tours.[149]

The Hackensack Cultural Arts Center, located at 39 Broadway, is the city's leading theater arts institution and houses many local arts groups such as the Teaneck Theater Company and the Hackensack Theater Company. The facility also serves as the summer indoor location for the Hudson Shakespeare Company in case of rain. Otherwise, the group performs outdoors at Staib Park, with two "Shakespeare Wednesdays" per month for each month of the summer.[150]

The Shops at Riverside (formerly known as Riverside Square Mall), is an upscale shopping center located at the intersection of Route 4 and Hackensack Avenue at the northern edge of the city along the Hackensack River near its border with River Edge to the north and with Teaneck across the river. The mall, which has undergone a significant expansion, is anchored by a number of high-end department stores and restaurants, including Bloomingdale's, Saks Fifth Avenue, Tiffany & Co., Pottery Barn and Barnes & Noble, offering a Gross Leasable Area of 674,416 square feet (62,655.3 m2).[151] The mall is known for its marble floors, and attracts a great many upper income shoppers from Manhattan and Northern Bergen County.

Hackensack's Main Street is devoted to shopping and includes some of the city's iconic landmarks, including the United Jersey Bank headquarters building and the former Woolworth site that is now a housewares store. The only remaining major store on Hackensack's Main Street is Sears Roebuck and Co. The historic Sears building is located on the corner of Main and Anderson Street and is still in operation today. The site is close to the Anderson Street train station, and has been open since the 1930s.

Bergen County Jail is a detention center for both sentenced and unsentenced prisoners. It is located on South River Street. The County is in the process of moving the County Police from the northern end of the city to a new site across from the Jail. The former site will be redeveloped as a "transit village" complex associated with the New Bridge Landing rail station in adjoining River Edge.[152]

The city's Johnson Public Library at 274 Main Street is a member of the Bergen County Cooperative Library System. The library opened in 1901 using a gift from State Senator William M. Johnson.[153]

Ice House is a complex with four full-sized skating rink that opened in 1996, which is home to the New Jersey Avalanche mainstreamed and special needs hockey teams and several high school hockey teams, in addition to being the home rink of gold medalists Sarah Hughes, Elena Bereznaia and Anton Sikharulidze.[154]

Other points of interest within the city include the Hackensack University Medical Center, Hackensack River County Park, Bowler City Bowling Lanes, Borg's Woods Nature Preserve and the Bergen County Court House, and the Bergen Museum of Art & Science.

Local media[edit]

Radio station WNYM at 970 AM, is licensed to Hackensack and has its transmitter in the city. The station is currently owned by Salem Communications with a Conservative Talk format.[155] During the 1970s, it played a Top 40 music radio format for several years, competing (unsuccessfully) with Top 40 powerhouse 77 WABC (AM).

Popular culture[edit]

Hackensack has been mentioned in the lyrics of songs by several musical artists, many of whom have lived in New Jersey or New York City. The town was home to the original Van Gelder recording studio at 25 Prospect Avenue[156] where the jazz musicians Sonny Rollins and Thelonious Monk recorded some of their landmark work. Monk recorded a tribute to Rudy Van Gelder entitled "Hackensack". Other notable examples of Hackensack in songs include:

Hackensack also appears in movies, books and television.

Notable people[edit]

People who were born in, residents of, or otherwise closely associated with Hackensack include:

References[edit]

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  157. ^ Montgomery, James. "Katy Perry's MTV Unplugged Album Will Feature Two New SongsThe never-before-released 'Brick by Brick' and a cover of Fountains of Wayne's 'Hackensack' will be included on CD/DVD set.", MTV.com, October 12, 2009. Accessed October 26, 2013. "Featured in the package are rearranged takes on hits like 'I Kissed a Girl,' Waking Up in Vegas,' 'Thinking of You' and a pair of brand-new songs: Perry's version of the Fountains of Wayne's 'Hackensack' and a never-before-released original 'Brick by Brick.'".
  158. ^ Choral Christmas Carols, The Peter Schieckele P.D.Q. Bach Web Site. Accessed May 28, 2013.
  159. ^ "Movin' Out (Anthony's Song) Lyrics", MetroLyrics. Accessed July 27, 2013.
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  163. ^ FILM REVIEW; Carrying a Torch for a Malevolent Doll, The New York Times, October 17, 1998.
  164. ^ Locicero, Anthony. "Where are they now? Former Waldwick football player Eric Arndt", The Record (Bergen County), June 11, 2013. Accessed December 17, 2014. "So now, eight years after graduating from Waldwick High School, Arndt is living his dream."
  165. ^ Twomey, Alfred E.; and McClure, Arthur F. "The versatiles:a study of supporting character actors and actresses in the American motion picture, 1930-1955", p. 32. A. S. Barnes, 1969. Accessed May 28, 2013. "Phil Arnold was born in Hackensack, New Jersey,and appeared in many amateur contests around Bayonne, New Jersey, in which 'he won them all.'"
  166. ^ Staff. Contemporary Theatre, Film, and Television: Volume 46, p. 90. Gale Research, 2003. ISBN 9780787663612. Accessed October 26, 2013. "DeLuise, Carol 1935- (Carol Arthur) PERSONAL Original name, Carol Arata; born August 4, 1935, in Hackensack, NJ; married Dom DeLuise (an actor), November 23, 1965"
  167. ^ Staff. "Giants Drop Athas, Add Two; Vote on Strike Looms in N.F.L.; Wells, Boone Join Team Hunter Quits", The New York Times, September 11, 1975. Accessed October 26, 2013. "Pete Athas, starter at left cornerback since 1971, was dropped yesterday as the New York Giants continued to move out the old guard.... Athas, who will be 28 years old on Monday was born in Hackensack, N. J."
  168. ^ Vitello, Paul. "Barton Lidice Benes, Provocative Artist, Dies at 69", The New York Times, June 18, 2012. Accessed October 26, 2013. "Barton Lidice Benes was born in Hackensack, N.J. on Nov. 16, 1942, the son of Marie and Richard Benes."
  169. ^ Kroll, C. Douglas. Commodore Ellsworth P. Bertholf : first Commandant of the Coast Guard, Naval Institute Press, 2002. Accessed October 26, 2013. "Shortly after this birth the family moved across the Hudson River from New York City into the bustling New Jersey village of Hackensack. By this time Ellsworth had received the nickname 'Todd,' by which he would be known throughout his childhood."
  170. ^ Gwaltney, Francis Irby. "A Survey of Historic Washington, Arkansas", Arkansas Historical Quarterly; Volume 17, Winter 1955, p. 339. Accessed October 26, 2013. "But the principal character in the story of the Bowie Knife is not James Bowie of Vadalia, Memphis, and the Alamo. It is James Black of Washington, Arkansas.... James Black was born in Hackensack, New Jersey, May 1, 1800."
  171. ^ via Knight News Service. "Debby Boone feels comfortable with a country label", Lakeland Ledger, February 10, 1981. Accessed April 4, 2012. "The third of four daughters of Pat and Shirley Boone (Red Foley, who died in 1968, was Shirley's father), Debby was born in Hackensack, N.J., but her family moved to Los Angeles when she was 4."
  172. ^ Warren Boroson; Author and Journalist. Accessed June 2, 2007.
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  174. ^ Adam Boyd, Biographical Directory of the United States Congress. Accessed August 22, 2007.
  175. ^ Staff. "Hackensack native joins 'Big Brother' cast", The Record (Bergen County), June 20, 2014. Accessed December 17, 2014. "Cody Calafiore of Hackensack is among the 16 'Houseguests' competing on the new season of Big Brother, which premieres 8 p.m. Wednesday and Thursday on CBS. Calafiore, 23, is a sales account executive who currently lives in Howell."
  176. ^ via Associated Press. "Phil Carey, 83, Longtime ‘One Life to Live’ Star, Dies", The New York Times, February 13. 2009. Accessed April 4, 2012. "Born Eugene Joseph Carey on July 15, 1925, in Hackensack, N.J., Mr. Carey began his film career with a part in Operation Pacific, starring John Wayne."
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  179. ^ Dave Davis, Professional Bowlers Association. Accessed April 10, 2011. "Through all his years of Tour competition dating back to 1963, Davis, a tall, slim lefty from Hackensack, N.J., won 18 career Tour titles, amassed official earnings of $912,765, and also found time to serve on the PBA's various committees, including the all-important Tournament Committee and Executive Board."
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  181. ^ Harold Dow profile, 48 Hours (TV series). Accessed October 11, 2007. "Dow was born in Hackensack, N.J. He attended the University of Nebraska at Omaha."
  182. ^ Fields, Walter. "Opinion: Harold Dow: He never forgot his roots", The Record (Bergen County), August 24, 2010. Accessed April 4, 2012. "WHEN SOMEONE who is still relatively young dies suddenly, it is cliché to suggest that it was “too soon.” In the case of CBS News correspondent Harold Dow, the cliché is appropriate. Dow, a product of Hackensack and a source of pride in the community, still had much to give a profession that is in dire need of the character and purpose this award-winning journalist brought to his craft."
  183. ^ Fenn, John. "John B. Fenn - Biographical", Nobel Prize. accessed October 26, 2013. "Our home was in Hackensack, N.J., next door to Lodi and County Seat of Bergen County. I was born in New York City in 1917 and three plus years later my brother Norman arrived in Paterson, N.J. where two of mother's brothers were surgeons."
  184. ^ Zinser, Lynn. "PRO FOOTBALL; For Giants' Finn, There's No Place Like Home", The New York Times, September 6, 2003. Accessed April 4, 2012. "At 26, Finn has come home. He lives in Hackensack, N.J., a short drive from the stadium and a short drive from his family."
  185. ^ Dave Fiore profile, database Football. Accessed June 14, 2007.
  186. ^ Staff. "RAIDERS, 49ERS AWAIT DECISION", Contra Costa Times, September 12, 2001. Accessed April 4, 2012. "Tuesday also was the regular day off for the 49ers, though a few players did briefly show up at the team's Santa Clara headquarters, including safety Lance Schulters and right guard Dave Fiore, who grew up in Brooklyn, NY, and Hackensack, NJ, respectively."
  187. ^ "Fitzhugh, Author, Is Victim Of Stroke At Oradell Home", copy of article from The Record (Bergen County), July 7, 1950. Accessed April 2, 2008.
  188. ^ Wojnarowski, Adrian. "Fontana fulfilling dream in Italy", The Record (Bergen County), February 21, 2006. Accessed April 4, 2012. "Figure skater Silvia Fontana, right, a resident of Hackensack, enjoying a break from training with her coach, Robin Wagner."
  189. ^ Staff. "Chet Forte, 60, Is Dead; An Innovative TV Director", The New York Times, May 20, 1996. Accessed October 26, 2013. "Fulvio Chester Forte Jr. was born Aug. 7, 1935, in Hackensack, N.J., the only child of a sports-loving mother and a physician. The class president at Hackensack High School, he became an all-America player at Columbia despite being 5 feet 7 inches and 145 pounds."
  190. ^ Schudel, Matt. "Bob Franks, four-term congressman from N.J., dies at 58", The Washington Post, April 12, 2010. Accessed October 26, 2013. "Robert Douglas Franks was born in Hackensack, N.J., and graduated from DePauw University in Indiana. He received a law degree from Southern Methodist University in Dallas in 1976, then returned to New Jersey to work as a political consultant."
  191. ^ Mike Fratello, Basketball-Reference.com. Accessed November 1, 2007.
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  198. ^ Staff. "Harry Harper To Wed This Winter", The Day (New London), Harry Harper, the left handed pitcher of the Washington baseball club, has been recently engaged to a HAckensack young woman... The wedding will take plae during the winter at his hometown, Hackensack."
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  205. ^ Downey, Mike. "Next Up For Tyson: Go, Xena!", Lakeland Ledger, August 8, 2004. Accessed December 5, 2012. "It's OK with me if Karros -- who was born in Hackensack, N,J. -- gets to play for the Greeks because of his heritage."
  206. ^ Degener, Richard. "`FORGOTTEN WAR' REMEMBERED / CAPE KOREAN WAR VETS HONORED AT NAVAL AIR STATION WILDWOOD", The Press of Atlantic City, May 9, 2004. Accessed April 3, 2012. "'We left in silence and returned in deeper silence,' James McEachin said. The Hollywood actor and author of six books was the featured speaker at Korea Day. The Hackensack native volunteered to go to Korea and in October 1951, after segregated basic training in Fort Dix with the Army's all-black 24th Regiment..."
  207. ^ Staff. "Earl Schenck Miers Dies at 62; Wrote on Civil War and Lincoln", The New York Times, November 19, 1972. Accessed March 22, 2012. "EDISON, N.J. Nov. 18 - Earl Schenck Miers was born in Brooklyn on May 27, 1910, and grew up in Hackensack."
  208. ^ Naanes, Marlene; and Koloff, Abbott. "Bergen County native leading investigation of Colorado theater massacre", The Record (Bergen County), July 23, 2012. Accessed July 25, 2012. "Daniel Oates, who, as the chief of police in Aurora, Colo., is in charge of investigating the most extensive mass shooting in the nation’s history, grew up in Midland Park.... Oates was born in Hackensack and lived in Oradell before his family moved to Midland Park, his parents said.... He graduated from St. Joseph’s Regional High School in 1973 and attended college at Bucknell University in Pennsylvania, where he majored in English."
  209. ^ Daniel Oates Resume. University of Colorado. Accessed July 27, 2013
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  211. ^ Gavin, John A. "Harrison 'Hatch' Rosdahl, ex-pro football player, at 62", The Record (Bergen County), June 18, 2004. Accessed July 31, 2014. "RIDGEFIELD PARK - Harrison 'Hatch' Rosdahl, a professional football player for seven years, died from injuries suffered in a fall at his home Tuesday. He was 62. Mr. Rosdahl was born in Hackensack."
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