Hackney Central (UK Parliament constituency)

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Hackney Central
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851950
Number of members one
Replaced by Hackney South and Stoke Newington and Hackney North
Created from Hackney
19551983
Number of members one
Replaced by Hackney North and Stoke Newington and Hackney South and Shoreditch
Created from Hackney South

Hackney Central was a borough constituency in what was then the Metropolitan Borough of Hackney, in London. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Hackney Central in the Metropolitan area, showing boundaries used from 1885 to 1918.
Hackney Central in the Parliamentary County of London, showing boundaries used from 1918 to 1950.
Hackney Central in the Parliamentary County of London, showing boundaries used from 1955 to 1974.

The constituency was created under the Redistribution of Seats Act, 1885 from 1885, and abolished for the 1950 general election. It was recreated for the 1955 general election, and abolished again for the 1983 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

1918-1950: The Metropolitan Borough of Hackney wards of Downs, Hackney, and Kingsland, and the part of West Hackney ward which lies to the south and east of a line drawn along the middle of Shacklewell Lane.

1955-1974: The Metropolitan Borough of Hackney wards of Albion, Chatham, Kenninghall, Kingsland, Kingsmead, Leabridge, Pembury, Rushmore and Town Hall.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1885-1950[edit]

Election Name Party
1885 Sir William Guyer Hunter Conservative
1892 Sir Andrew Richard Scoble Conservative
1900 Augustus Henry Eden Allhusen Conservative
1906 Sir Albert Spicer Liberal
1918 William James Uglow Woolcock Coalition Liberal
1922 Sir Arthur Levy Lever National Liberal
1923 Leonard Benjamin Franklin Liberal
1924 Robert Vaughan Gower Conservative
1929 Frederick Charles Watkins Labour
1931 John Cutts Lockwood Conservative
1935 Frederick Charles Watkins Labour
1945 Harry Hynd Labour
1950 constituency abolished

MPs 1955-1983[edit]

Election Name Party
1955 constituency recreated
1955 Herbert Butler Labour
1970 Clinton Davis Labour
1983 constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

1885 General Election: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir William Guyer Hunter 2,941 51.7 n/a
Liberal John Holms 2,748 48.3 n/a
Majority 193 3.4 n/a
Turnout 7,381 77.1 n/a
Conservative gain from new seat Swing n/a
1886 General Election: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir William Guyer Hunter 3,047 60.8 9.1
Liberal Martin Andrew Sharp Hume 1,961 39.2 -9.1
Majority 1,086
Turnout 7,381 67.8
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

1892 General Election: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Andrew Scoble 3,478 52.1 -8.7
Liberal J. Fyfe Stewart 3,193 47.9 8.7
Majority 285
Turnout 8,951 74.5
Conservative hold Swing
1895 General Election: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Sir Andrew Scoble 3,278 52.5 0.4
Liberal Charles Russell 2,966 47.5 -0.4
Majority 312
Turnout 8,835 70.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

1900 General Election: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Augustus Henry Eden Allhusen 3,747 62.6 10.1
Liberal Sir Israel Hart 2,243 37.4 -10.1
Majority 1,504
Turnout 8,692 68.9
Conservative hold Swing
1906 General Election: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Albert Spicer 3,998 54.2 16.8
Conservative Augustus Henry Eden Allhusen 3,382 45.8 -16.8
Majority 616
Turnout 8,779 84.1
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing

Election in the 1910s[edit]

January 1910 General Election: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Albert Spicer 4,429 53.5 -0.7
Liberal Unionist Felix Cassel 3,853 46.5 0.7
Majority 576
Turnout 9,343 88.6
Liberal hold Swing
December 1910 General Election: Hackney Central
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Sir Albert Spicer 3,954 53.3 -0.2
Conservative Albert Henry Jessel 3,464 46.7 0.2
Majority 490
Turnout 9,343 79.4
Liberal hold Swing
William Woolcock
General Election 14 December 1918:Hackney Central

Composed of the Hackney Metropolitan District wards of Downs, Hackney, Kingsland and West Hackney (part)
Electorate 27,801

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal hold Swing n/a
  • endorsed by the Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

Sir Arthur Lever
General Election 1922: Hackney Central

Electorate 35,033

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
National Liberal Sir Arthur Levy Lever 9,795 46.4 n/a
Liberal Rt Hon. Thomas McKinnon Wood 6,825 32.3 n/a
Labour Arthur Alfred Lynch 4,507 21.3 n/a
Majority 2,970 14.1 n/a
Turnout 21,127 60.3 n/a
National Liberal gain from Liberal Swing n/a
General Election 1923: Hackney Central

Electorate 35,334

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Leonard Benjamin Franklin 8,569 38.6 +6.3
Unionist Sir Daniel Thomas Keymer 7,252 32.7 -13.7
Labour Ernest Edwin Hunter 6,354 28.7 +7.4
Majority 1,317 5.9 20.0
Turnout 22,175 62.8 +2.5
Liberal hold Swing +10.0
General Election 1924: Hackney Central

Electorate 35,969

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Sir Robert Vaughan Gower 11,414 42.7 +10.0
Labour Ernest Edwin Hunter 9,684 36.3 +7.6
Liberal Leonard Benjamin Franklin 5,594 21.0 -17.6
Majority 1,730 6.4 12.3
Turnout 26,692 74.2 +11.4
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing +13.8
General Election 1929: Hackney Central

Electorate 47,774

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frederick Charles Watkins 12,462 37.3 +1.0
Unionist Alfred Charles Bossom 10,814 32.3 -10.4
Liberal Leonard Benjamin Franklin 10,186 30.4 +9.4
Majority 1,648 5.0 11.4
Turnout 33,462 70.0 -4.2
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +5.7

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Hackney Central

Electorate 48,025

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative John Cutts Lockwood 16,963 52.1 +19.8
Labour Frederick Charles Watkins 9,295 28.5 -8.8
Liberal Leonard Benjamin Franklin 6,316 19.4 -11.0
Majority 7,668 23.6 28.6
Turnout 32,574 67.8 -2.2
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +14.3
General Election 1935: Hackney Central

Electorate 48,990

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Frederick Charles Watkins 15,322 51.6 +23.1
Conservative John Cutts Lockwood 14,375 48.4 -3.7
Majority 957 3.2 26.8
Turnout 29,707 60.6 -7.2
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +13.4

General Election 1939/40

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Hackney Central

Electorate 33,531

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Henry Hynd 14,810 67.2 +15.6
Conservative R.R. Harris 4,889 22.2 -26.2
Liberal Lt. Samuel Woolf Magnus 2,348 10.6 n/a
Majority 9,921 45.0 +41.8
Turnout 22,047 65.7 +5.1
Labour hold Swing +18.9

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 26 May 1955: Hackney Central

Electorate 66,183

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Herbert William Butler 27,012
Conservative James Harry Allason 15,212
Communist John R Betteridge 1,530
Majority
Turnout 43,754
Labour hold Swing
General Election 8 October 1959: Hackney Central

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Herbert William Butler
Conservative John C T Waring
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 15 October 1964: Hackney Central

Electorate 61,036

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Herbert William Butler
Conservative H Martin L Morton
Majority
Turnout 34,844
Labour hold Swing
General Election 31 March 1966: Hackney Central

Electorate 58,513

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Herbert William Butler
Conservative H Martin L Morton
Liberal Cecil V Gittins
Majority
Turnout 33,668
Labour hold Swing +4.5

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 18 June 1970: Hackney Central

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stanley Clinton Davis
Conservative Kenneth S Lightwood
Independent Aftab Qureshi
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 28 February 1974: Hackney Central

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stanley Clinton Davis
Conservative Kenneth S Lightwood
Liberal Mrs MG Snow
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 10 October 1974: Hackney Central

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stanley Clinton Davis
Conservative Kenneth S Lightwood
Liberal Mrs MG Snow
Majority
Turnout
Labour hold Swing
General Election 3 May 1979: Hackney Central

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Stanley Clinton Davis 16,506 59.34
Conservative Nicholas Jerome Bennett 7,718 27.75
Liberal Elikkos Georghiades 1,835 6.60
National Front Ronald May 1,418 5.10
Workers Revolutionary Mark Johnson 340 1.22
Majority 8,788 31.59
Turnout 46,464 59.87
Labour hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Law Journal - Volume 86 (1938)