Hadatha

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This article is about the former Palestinian village in Tiberias Sub-district. For other uses, see Haditha (disambiguation).
Hadatha
Hadatha is located in Mandatory Palestine
Hadatha
Hadatha
Arabic
Name meaning "new"[1]
Subdistrict Tiberias
Coordinates 32°40′53″N 35°29′34″E / 32.68139°N 35.49278°E / 32.68139; 35.49278Coordinates: 32°40′53″N 35°29′34″E / 32.68139°N 35.49278°E / 32.68139; 35.49278
Population 520[2] (1945)
Area
Date of depopulation May 12, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation Abandonment on Arab orders

Hadatha, also El Hadetheh or Hadateh, was a Palestinian Arab village in the District of Tiberias, located 12.5 km southwest of Tiberias. It was depopulated in the 1948 Palestine war.

History[edit]

Ceramics from the late Roman and Byzantine era have been found.[4]

According to tradition, Hadatha was one of the "Al-Hija" villages named after Emir Hussam al-Din Abu al-Hija.[5] Abu al-Hija ("the Daring") was an Iraqi-born commander of the Kurdish forces that took part in Sultan Saladin's conquest (1187–93) of the Crusader Kingdom. He was renowned for his bravery, and commanded the garrison of Acre at the time of the Siege of Acre (1189–1192).[5]

Abu al-Hija apparently returned to Iraq, but several members of his family remained in the country under orders from Saladin, and these family members settled on large tracts of land that they were given in the Carmel region, in the Lower, Eastern and Western Galilee, and in the Hebron Highlands.[5] Self-proclaimed kinsmen of al-Hija settled in the villages of Hadatha and Sirin in the Lower Galilee, and Ruweis and Kawkab in the Western Galilee. By tradition the descendants today still claim to be blood relations of al-Hija.[5]

Ottoman era[edit]

In 1596, Hadatha was part of the Ottoman Empire, and the tax register of that year revealed a population of 121.[6][7] All the villagers were Muslim.[8]

Victor Guérin, who visited in 1875, noted: “Some of the houses, which are still inhabited, have been constructed of good cut stones taken from some old buildings and mixed with small materials. On the slopes of the hill are found some ten shafts of columns lying scattered about the ground. They are the remains of a monument totally destroyed".[9][10]

In 1881, the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine (SWP) described El Hadetheh as: "Stone village, containing 250 Moslems, on cultivated plain, growing barley, etc. No trees or gardens near. Good spring of water and cisterns in the village".[11] They further noted that there was a "Spring on south-east side; good supply of water, perennial; a small stream flowing from it in winter and spring."[12]

British Mandate of Palestine[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Hadatheh had a population of 333, all Muslim,[13] increasing in the 1931 census to 368; 1 Christian, 1 Druze and 366 Muslims, in a total of 75 houses.[14]

Hadatha had an elementary school for boys which was founded in 1897 by Ottomans but had closed under the British Mandate.[15]

By 1945, the village population was 520, and the total land area was 10,310 dunams (10.31 km2; 3.98 sq mi).[2] 199 dunams (0.199 km2; 0.077 sq mi) were irrigated or used for orchards, 8,379 dunams (8.379 km2; 3.235 sq mi) were used for cereals,[16] and 38 dunams (0.038 km2; 0.015 sq mi) were built-up (urban) land.[17]

1948 and aftermath[edit]

According to Morris, the village was abandoned during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on May 12, 1948, under the orders of the Arab Higher Committee.[18] However, Khalidi noted an inconsistency in the account, since the History of Haganah wrote that "the inhabitants fled in fear of the Jews".[15]

In 1992, it was noted that though there were no settlements on village land, the inhabitants of Kefar Qish were cultivating the surrounding lands.[15]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer 1881, p. 126.
  2. ^ a b Hadawi 1970, p. 72.
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p. xvii village #106; p. 177 gives cause of depopulation
  4. ^ Dauphin 1998, p. 730.
  5. ^ a b c d Benvenisti 2000, pp. 193-195.
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 187. As given in Khalidi, 1992, p. 517.
  7. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9.
  8. ^ 22 households, according to Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 187.
  9. ^ Guérin 1880, pp. 137-138, 267.
  10. ^ Conder & Kitchener 1881, p. 384.
  11. ^ Conder & Kitchener 1881, p. 360.
  12. ^ Conder & Kitchener 1881, p. 378.
  13. ^ Barron, 1923, Table XI, Sub-district of Tiberias, p. 39.
  14. ^ Mills 1932, p. 82.
  15. ^ a b c Khalidi 1992, p. 518.
  16. ^ Hadawi 1970, p. 122.
  17. ^ Hadawi 1970, p. 172.
  18. ^ Morris 2004, p. 177.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]