Hadım Sinan Pasha

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Hadım
Sinan Borovinić
Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
In office
26 April 1516 – 22 January 1517
Monarch Selim I
Preceded by Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha
Succeeded by Yunus Pasha
Personal details
Born Borovinići, Foča, Ottoman Bosnia
Died 22 January 1517
Ridaniya, Egypt
Religion Sunni Islam
Military service
Battles/wars Ottoman–Mamluk War:
- Battle of Chaldiran
- Battle of Marj Dabiq
- Battle of Yaunis Khan
- Battle of Ridaniya 

Hadım Sinan Pasha (Turkish: Hadım Sinan Paşa, "Sinan Pasha the Eunuch"; also known as Sinan Borovinić; died 22 January 1517) was an Ottoman grand vizier.

Origin and early life[edit]

He was a Christian slave, an eunuch, from the Sanjak of Bosnia, part of the Borovinić noble family from the village of Borovinići.[1] Another source states that he was a devşirme, a slave (köle), from the Sanjak of Albania.[2]

Career[edit]

In 1514, he was the Beylerbey (high governor) of Anatolia. In the battle of Chaldiran against Safavid Persia he was in charge of right flank. After the battle he was appointed as the beylerbey of Rumeli, a post more prestigious than his former post.[3] His next mission was the conquest of the Dulkadirids, in what is now South Turkey. He was successful in both missions and Selim I appointed him as the grand vizier on April 25, 1516.[4][unreliable source?]

Sinan was Selim’s favorite grand vizier. He was active in the conquest of Syria and Egypt. On October 28, 1516 he defeated an Egyptian Mameluke army in Khan Yunis, near Gazza, Palestine.[5] Next year, he fought in the Battle of Ridaniya in Egypt on January 22, 1517. In Ottoman battle tradition, the sultan was almost always in the central headquarters. But battle of Ridaniya was an exception. Selim I decided to encircle the Mameluks personally and assigned Sinan in the central headquarters. The plot was successful and the Mameluks were defeated. However, before the battle was over, a Mameluke cavalry (including Tuman bay II, the Egyptian sultan) raided Ottoman headquarters and killed Sinan, thinking he was the sultan.[6] After the battle sultan Selim expressed his sorrow, saying, "We won the battle, but we lost Sinan."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ . p. 122 http://books.google.com/books?id=31j8T6XoigYC&pg=PA122. "Bosnian Christian slave"  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. ^ Türkçülük ve Türkçülük mücadeleleri tarihi. 1969. p. 53. "Hadım Sinan Paşa (Arnavut-devşirme köle)" 
  3. ^ Ayhan Buz:Osmanlı Sadrazamları, Neden Kitap, İstanbul, 2009 ISBN 978-975-254-278-5 p 33
  4. ^ Biography of Hadım Sinan (Turkish)
  5. ^ Joseph von Hammer:Osmanlı Tarihi cilt I (condensation: Abdülkadir Karahan), Milliyet yayınları, İstanbul. p 275
  6. ^ Prof. Yaşar Yüce-Prof. Ali Sevim: Türkiye tarihi Cilt II, AKDTYKTTK Yayınları, İstanbul, 1991 p 248-249
Political offices
Preceded by
Hersekzade Ahmed Pasha
Grand Vizier of the Ottoman Empire
26 April 1516 – 22 January 1517
Succeeded by
Yunus Pasha