Hadım Suleiman Pasha (governor of Rumelia)

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For the 16th-century Ottoman grand vizier, see Hadım Suleiman Pasha.

Hadım Suleiman Pasha (Turkish: Hadım Süleyman Paşa, Romanian: Hadâm Suleiman Paşa; fl. 1474–1490) was an Ottoman statesman and general, who served as the governor (beylerbey) of the Rûm Eyalet (fl. 1474) and the Anatolia Eyalet. He was later a governor of the Sanjak of Amasya (1482–90) and the Sanjak of Smederevo (1490–?). He served during the reign of Mehmed II. His epithet hadım means "eunuch" in Turkish.[1]

Life[edit]

He was born in the Bosnia Eyalet.[2]

In 1474, he besieged the Venetian-held Shkodër (see Siege of Shkodër).[2] The fortress was defended by one Antonio Loredano.[citation needed] The Ottoman troops managed to damage parts of the fortress, but ultimatelly failed and Suleyman had to satisfy himself with his pillage.[3][4][5] In December he began a march against Stephen the Great of Moldavia, who refused to pay homage to the Sultan. Suleyman was reluctant in marching against Moldavia, as his troops were exhausted from the failed siege and as winter was approaching, but he couldn't dare to question the Sultan's decision.[6] The two met on January 10, 1475, at the Battle of Vaslui. The Ottoman forces suffered a major defeat with high casualties. However, this defeat was re-compensated during next summer when the Ottomans occupied Besserabia, took Akkerman, and defeated Stephen on July 17, 1476 at Valea Albă.[7]

In 1482, he was the governor of the Sanjak of Amasya, and then in the Sanjak of Smederevo in 1490, where he died.[2]

References[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Angiolello, Giovanni Maria, Turkish History[page needed]
  2. ^ a b c Safvet-beg Bašagić (1986). Bošnjaci i Hercegovci u islamskoj književnosti: prilog kulturnoj historiji Bosne i Hercegovine. "Svjetlost," OOUR Izdavačka djelatnost. pp. 17, 428. "Sulejman-pasa, rodom iz Bosne. Prvi put ga sretamo u povijesti kao beglerbega od Rumelije, gdje osvaja Skadar 879 (1474). Kasnije je bio beglerbeg od Anatolije. 887 (1482) namjesnik u Amasiji, a 896 (1490) u Smederevu, ..." 
  3. ^ Hoca Sadeddin Efendi, Crown of Histories[page needed]
  4. ^ Orudj bin Adil, The Chronicles of the House of Osman[page needed]
  5. ^ Marinus Barletius, De obsidione Scodrensi, 1504[page needed]
  6. ^ Hoca Sadeddin Efendi, Crown of Histories[page needed]
  7. ^ Shaw 1976, p. 68

Sources[edit]

  • Angiolello, Giovanni Maria. Historia Turchesca (Turkish History) (Romanian)
  • Orudj bin Adil, Tevarikh-i al-i Osman (The Chronicles of the House of Osman) (Turkish)
  • Hoca Sadeddin Efendi (ed. İsmet Parmaksızoğlu), Tac al-tevarikh (Crown of Histories), vol. 3, Kültür Bakanlığı, Ankara, 1974-1979 reprint:1999.(Turkish)
  • Shaw, Stanford, (1976) History of the Ottoman Empire - Vol.1: Empire of Gazis" Cambridge University Press, Cambridge p. 68