Hadith of position

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The Hadith of Position (Arabic: حديث المنزلةtranslit.: Hadith Al-Manzilah) is a Hadith in Islam.

It is a Sahih Hadith in which the Islamic prophet Muhammad appoints Ali ibn Abi Talib as his successor, and draws a parallel between himself and the Prophet Musa (Moses) and Ali to Haroun (Aaron).

In 9 A.H. (630), Muhammad received news of an imminent attack by the Roman Empire, so he left to fight the Battle of Tabuk. He did not want to leave Medina unguarded, since there were suspicions regarding the safety of the city, and decided to leave Ali behind as his deputy. Ali asked if he was going to be left behind with the women and children. The Prophet then said said:

"Are you not pleased from this that you are to me like Haroun (Aaron) was to Musa (Moses)? Except that after me there will be no prophet after me? It is not fitting that I should depart without your being my deputy and successor."

Hadith[edit]

A Long Version of the Hadith

The Most Noble Messenger (PBUH&HP) appointed 'Ali (AS) to guard the city on his behalf, and he ordered that he should remain in Madinah until he returned, administering the affairs of the Muslims. When the Hypocrites realized that their treacherous plans had been divulged, they began spreading idle rumors in the hope of weakening 'Ali's position. They hinted that the Prophet (PBUH&HP) was angry with 'Ali (AS) and that it was for this reason that he had not been permitted to accompany him on a major military expedition.
'Ali (AS) was greatly troubled and saddened by the circulation of these rumors, and he hastened to the presence of the Prophet (PBUH&HP) who had already left Madinah. He told him what had happened, and with a single historic sentence he clarified the special position of 'Ali (AS) once and for all:
"Are you not content that your relation to me shall be like the relation of Haroun to Musa, excepting only that there shall be no prophet after me?"
At the end of this hadith there is a sentence that many Sunni scholars have recorded in their books:
"It is not fitting that I should depart without your being my deputy and successor."[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

Sahih Bukhari

Narrated Sad: Allah's Apostle set out for Tabuk. appointing 'Ali as his deputy (in Medina). 'Ali said, "Do you want to leave me with the children and women?" The Prophet said, "Will you not be pleased that you will be to me like Haroun (Aaron) to Musa (Moses)? But there will be no prophet after me."[15]
Narrated Ubaida: Ali said (to the people of 'Iraq), "Judge as you used to judge, for I hate differences (and I do my best) till the people unite as one group, or I die as my companions have died." And narrated Sad that the Prophet said to 'Ali, "Will you not be pleased from this that you are to me like Haroun (Aaron) was to Musa (Moses)?"[16]

Sahih Muslim

Allah's Messenger (PBUH&HP) addressing 'All said: You are in the same position with relation to me as Haroun (Aaron) was in relation to Musa (Moses) but with (this explicit difference) that there is no prophet after me. Sa'd said: I had an earnest desire to hear it directly from Sa'd, so I met him and narrated to him what (his son) Amir had narrated to me, whereupon he said: Yes, I did hear it. I said: Did you hear it yourself? Thereupon he placed his fingers upon his ears and said: Yes, and if not, let both my ears become deaf.[17]
Allah's Messenger (PBUH&HP) left 'Ali ibn Abi Talib behind him (as he proceeded) to the expedition of Tabuk, whereupon he ('Ali) said: Allah's Messenger, are you leaving me behind amongst women and children? Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Aren't you satisfied with being unto me what Haroun (Aaron) was unto Musa (Moses) but with this exception that there would be no prophet after me.[18]
Muawiya ibn Abi Sufyin appointed Sa'd as Governor and said: What prevents you from abusing Abu Turab (Hadrat 'Ali ibn Abi Talib), whereupon be said: It is because of three things which I remember Allah's Messenger (PBUH&HP) having said about him that I would not abuse him and even if I find one of those three things for me, it would be more dear to me than the red camel. I heard Allah's Messenger (PBUH&HP) say about 'Ali as he left behind hrin in one of his campaigns (that was Tabuk). 'All said to him: Allah's Messenger, you leave me behind along with women and children. Thereupon Allah's Messenger (PBUH&HP) said to him: Aren't you satisfied with being unto me what Haroun (Aaron) was unto Musa (Moses) but with this exception that there is no prophethood after me. And I (also) heard him say on the Day of Khaibar: I would certainly give this standard to a person who loves Allah and his Messenger and Allah and his Messenger love him too. He (the narrator) said: We have been anxiously waiting for it, when he (the Holy Prophet) said: Call 'Ali. He was called and his eyes were inflamed. He applied saliva to his eyes and handed over the standard to him, and Allah gave him victory. (The third occasion is this) when the (following) verse was revealed:" Let us summon our children and your children." Allah's Messenger (PBUH&HP) called 'Ali, Fitima, Hasan and Husain and said: O Allah, they are my family.[19]
Allah's Apostle (PBUH&HP) as said to 'Ali: Aren't you satisfied with being unto me what Haroun (Aaron) was unto Musa (Moses)?[20]

Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP) said to ‘Ali: "Your position to me is like the position of Haroun (Aaron) to Musa (Moses), except that there shall be no prophet after me."[21]
The Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP) said to ‘Ali: "Your position to me is like the position of Haroun (Aaron) to Musa (Moses), except that there shall be no prophet after me."[22]

Sunan ibn Majah

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP) said to ‘Ali: "Your position to me is like the position of Haroun (Aaron) to Musa (Moses), except that there shall be no prophet after me."[23]

al-Khasa’is of Al-Nasa'i

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP) said to ‘Ali: "Your position to me is like the position of Haroun (Aaron) to Musa (Moses), except that there shall be no prophet after me."[24]

Mushkil al-Athar of Al-Tahawi

The Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP) said to ‘Ali: "Your position to me is like the position of Haroun (Aaron) to Musa (Moses), except that there shall be no Prophet after me."[25]

Kitab Ma'ah Manqhabah

Umar ibn al-Khattab stood up to the Prophet (PBUH&HP), so he said, "You (the Prophet [PBUH&HP]) do not stop speaking about Ali ibn Abu Talib: 'You (Ali) are from me (the Prophet) at the status which Haroun (Aaron) had from Musa (Moses)," and Allah has mentioned Haroun (Aaron) as in the Qur'an and He did not mention Ali?' So the Prophet said: "O vulgar! O Bedouin! Have you not heard Allah Saying 'He said: This is a Path of Ali, Straight?' (Qur'an: Surah Al-Hijr (15), Ayah 41)"[26][27]

Kitab Al-Sunnah

Said the Prophet (PBUH&HP) to Ali: "You are from me, like the status to that of Haroun (Aaron) is to Musa (Moses), only you are not a prophet. It should not be that I leave, only when you are my Caliph, of every Momin (Faithful Muslim/Believer) after me."[28]

In the Quran[edit]

Surah Al-Araaf (7):

{142} And We made an appointment with Musa (Moses) for thirty nights, and completed them with ten [more]; thus the tryst of his Lord was completed in forty nights. And Musa (Moses) said to Haroun (Aaron), his brother, ‘Be my successor among my people, do right and do not follow the way of the agents of corruption.’[29]

Surah Al-Qasas (28):

{34} "Haroun, my brother —he is more eloquent than me in speech. So send him with me as a helper to confirm me, for I fear that they will impugn me.'" {35} "He said, 'We will strengthen your arm by means of your brother, and invest both of you with such authority that they will not touch you. With the help of Our signs, you two, and those who follow the two of you, shall be the victors.'"[30]

Surah Ta Ha (20):

{85} He said, ‘Indeed We tried your people in your absence, and Samiri1 has led them astray.’ {86} Thereupon Musa (Moses) returned to his people, indignant and grieved. He said, ‘O my people! Did not your Lord give you a true promise? Did the period [of my absence] seem too long to you? Or did you desire that your Lord’s wrath should descend on you and so you failed your tryst with me?’ {87} They said, ‘We did not fail our tryst with you of our own accord, but we were laden with the weight of the people’s ornaments, and we cast them [into the fire] and so did the Samiri throw.’ {88} Then he produced for them a calf —a [lifeless] body with a low— and they said, This is your god and the god of Musa (Moses), so he forgot! {89} Did they not see that it did not answer them, nor could it bring them any benefit or harm? {90} Haroun (Aaron) had certainly told them earlier, ‘O my people! You are only being tested by it. Indeed your Lord is the All-beneficent. So follow me and obey my command!’[31]
1 He was one of the Sahabah (Companions) of the Prophet Musa (AS)

Shia view[edit]

Shiah (followers of Imam Ali ibn Abi Talib), in addition to holding that this hadith was repeatedly mentioned by Muhammad in a number of different occasions, understand that this hadith is likening Muhammad ) to Musa (Moses) and Ali to Haroun (Aaron).

The Shiah also point out that this hadith, which makes use of a figurative reference, has exactly the same implication of the even more direct Hadith of Invitation in which Muhammad even more explicitly referred to Ali as his brother, inheritor and vicegerent.

Shiahs' views on this hadith are also corroborated by other Hadiths, such as the Hadith of the Ghadir (Pond) of Khum, Hadith of the Two Weighty Things, Hadith of the Twelve Successors, Hadith of Mubahala, Hadith Al-Kisa (The Cloak), etc. It is also corroborated by Qur'anic Ayahs, such as Surah Al-Maidah (5), Ayah 55; Surah Al-Ahzab (33), Ayah 33; Surah Al-Hijr (15), Ayah 41; etc. and their respective Tafsirs from both Sunni and Shiah sources[citation needed].

Sunni view[edit]

Sunni, on the other hand, say the hadith is simply saying Ali is our friend, and/or that Muhammad only said that to be kind. This is due them not being able to reconcile the hadith to their sect believing Abu Bakr ibn Qhuhafah is their successor to Muhammad, especially considering its Sahih isnad (chaing of narrators).

Sunnis also liken it to their report of Muhammad referring to Abu Ubaidah ibn al Jarrah as "a secretary of this nation." They also argue that Bakries have a hadith that Umar ibn al-Khattab should be the next prophet, but this hadith is of a mawdu (fabricated)[citation needed] isnad (chain or narrators), and makes no sense considering Abu Bakr was their first caliph, not Umar.

Abu Bakr Paralleled to Samiri[edit]

Abu Bakr ibn Qhuhafah is often seen as the Samiri (a Sahabi companion of Musa Moses) of Muhammad. This is because, like Samiri, Abu Bakr also began deviating and calling on others to deviate from the religion of Muhammad after his absence in defiance of Allah's appointed successor and vicegerent. Samiri lead the Israelites to forsake the worship of Allah while Musa (Moses) was away for 40 days on Mount Sinai, thinking that the Prophet Musa (Moses) had died. He began creating the Golden Calf saying it was the religion of Musa (Moses) all along. After the death of Muhammad, Abu Bakr and a small group of other companions, instead of attending the Prophet's funeral, began divulging in the shed of Saqifah to invent their own Caliphate, and then claimed it was the will of Muhammad and Allah all along.

Relevant Hadiths[edit]

As mentioned above, the Hadith of Position is corroborated by several other hadiths from Muhammad. Some of which include the following:

Hadith of Ghadir (the Pond) of Khum[edit]

Note: This Hadith is not only Sahih (Authentic), but is the most Sahih Hadith in the entire Sunnah.

Shortly before his passing away, Muhammad made his final religious pilgrimage to Mecca in a trip referred to as The Farewell Pilgrimage. There, atop Mount Arafat, he addressed the Muslim masses in what came to be known as The Farewell Sermon. During his return to his home in Medinah, the follow Qur'anic Ayah was revealed:

O Messenger! Announce the message which has been sent down to you from your Lord, and if you do not, you will not have communicated His message, and Allah shall protect you from the people. Indeed Allah does not guide the faithless lot. (Qur'an Surah Al-Maidah [5], Ayah 67)[32]

Following this, Muhammad stopped at the pond of Khum and delivered the following sermon:

O people, Allah - the Most Kind the Omniscient - has told me that no Apostle lives to more than half the age of him who had preceded him. I think I am about to be called (to death) and thus I must respond. I am responsible and you are responsible, then what do you say?' They said, 'We witness that you have informed, advised and striven. May Allah bless you.' He said, 'Do you not bear witness that there is no god but Allah and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger, and that His Heaven is true, His Hell is true, death is true, the Resurrection after death is true, that there is no doubt that the Day of Judgment will come, and that Allah will resurrect the dead from their graves?' They said, 'Yes, we bear witness.' He said, 'O Allah, bear witness.' Then he said, 'O people, Allah is my Lord and I am the lord of the believers. I am worthier of believers than themselves. Of whomsoever I had been Master, Ali is to be his Master. O Allah, be a supporter of whoever supports him (Ali) and an enemy of whoever opposes him and steer the Truth to Ali.'
Then he said, O people, I will go ahead of you and you will arrive at my Pond (in Heaven) which is wider than the distance between Basra and San'a. It has receptacles as numerous as the stars, and two cups of gold and two of silver. I will ask you about the two weighty things that I have left for you when you come to me to see how you dealt with them. The greater weighty thing is Allah's book - the Holy Qur'an. One end is in Allah's Hand and the other is in your hands. Keep it and you will not deviate. That other weighty thing is my household and progeny (Ahl al-Bayt). The Most Kind the Omniscient had told me that both of them would not separate until they come to my Pond.
O people! Reflect on the Quran and comprehend its verses. Look into its clear verses and do not follow its ambiguous parts, for by Allah, none shall be able to explain to you its warnings and its mysteries, nor shall anyone clarify its interpretation, other than the one that I have grasped his hand, brought up beside myself, and lifted his arm, the one about whom I inform you that whomever I am his master, this Ali is his master; and he is Ali ibn Abi Talib, my brother, the executor of my will (Wasiyyi), whose appointment as your guardian and leader has been sent down to me from Allah, the mighty and the majestic.[33] [34] [35] [36] [37] [38] [39] [40] [41] [42] [43] [44] [45] [46] [47] [48] [49] [50] [51] [52] [53] [54] [55] [56] [57] [58] [59] [60] [61] [62] [63] [64] [65] [66] [67] [68] [69] [70] [71] [72] [73] [74] [75] [76] [77] [78] [79] [80] [81] [82] [83] [84] [85] [86] [87] [88] [89] [90] [91] [92] [93] [94] [95] [96] [97] [98] [99] [100] [101] [102] [103] [104] [105] [106] [107] [108] [109] [110] [111] [112] [113] [114] [115] [116] [117] [118] [119] [120] [121] [122] [123] [124] [125] [126] [127] [128] [129] [130] [131] [132] [133] [134] [135] [136] [137] [138] [139] [140] [141] [142] [143] [144] [145] [146] [147] [148] [149] [150] [151] [152] [153] [154] [155] [156] [157] [158] [159] [160] [161] [162] [163] [164] [165] [166] [167] [168] [169] [170] [171] [172] [173] [174] [175] [176] [177] [178] [179] [180] [181] [182][183][183][184] [185] [186] [187] [188] [189] [190] [191] [192] [193] [194] [195] [196] [197] [198] [199] [200] [201] [202] [203] [204] [205] [206] [207] [208] [209] [210] [211] [212] [213]

Thereupon the Mohammed asked everybody to give the oath of allegiance to ‘Ali and congratulate him. Among those who congratulated him were Abu Bakr ibn Qhuhafah, Umar ibn al-Khattab, and Uthman ibn Affan, the first three Sunni Caliphs.

Abu Bakr and Umar said:
"Well done Ali ibn Abi Talib! Today you became the leader of all believing men and women."[214][215][216][217][218][219][220][221][222]

Hadith of the Twelve Successors[edit]

Muhammad said on several occasions, referenced in both Sunni and Shiah sources from at least 37 chains of narrators in over 100 hadiths, that there will only be twelve Calpihs/Khalifah (successors) to him, all of whom are from Quraysh, that there will be impostor caliphs to guard against, and that after the last of the twelve caliphs, the earth will be swallowed (i.e. the Day of Judgement will occur). Twelver Shiah are the only ones who have twelve Imams/Caliphs, all from Quraysh.

  • The Messenger of Allah said: This affair (Islam) shall neither pass nor will come to an end while my twelve caliphs pass in it. All of them will be from Quraysh.[223][224][225][226][227][228][229][230]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: This religion shall survive till the Hour is established, and there are twelve caliphs (ruling) upon you. All of them will be from Quraysh.[231][232][233][234][235][236][237][238]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: Surely Islam will always remain mighty while there are my twelve caliphs in it. All of them will be of the Quraysh.[239][240][241][242][243][244][245][246][247]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: This affair (Islam) shall always remain upright till there are twelve chiefs. All of them will be from Quraysh.[248][249][250][251]
  • The Prophet said, "There will be twelve Muslim rulers (who will lead the Islamic world)." He then said a sentence which I did not hear. My father said, "All of them (those rulers) will be from Quraysh."[252]
  • I joined the company of the Holy Prophet with my father and I heard him say: This Caliphate will not end until there have been twelve Caliphs among them. The narrator said: Then he (the Holy Prophet) said something that I could not follow. I said to my father: What did he say? He said: He has said: All of them will be from the Quraysh.[253]
  • I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP) say: The affairs of the people will continue to be conducted (well) as long as they are governed by twelve men. Then the Holy Prophet (PBUH&HP) said words which were obscure to me. I asked my father: What did the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP) say? He said: All of the (twelve men) will be from the Quraysh.[254]
  • I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP) say: Islam will continue to be triumphant until there have been twelve Caliphs. All of them (the twelve Caliphs) will be from the Quraysh.[255]
  • The Holy Prophet said: This order will continue to be dominant until there have been twelve Caliphs. The narrator says: Then he said something which I could not understand, and I said to my father: What did he say? My father told me that he said that all of them (Caliphs) would be from the Quraysh.[256]
  • It has been reported on the authority of Jabir b. Samura who said: I went with my father to the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP) and I heard him say: This religion would continue to remain powerful and dominant until there have been twelve Caliphs. Then he added something which I couldn't catch on account of the noise of the people. I asked my father: What did he say? My father said: He has said that all of them will be from the Quraysh.[257]
  • It has been narrated on the authority of Amir b. Sa'd b. Abu Waqqas who said: I wrote (a letter) to Jabir b. Samura and sent it to him through my servant Nafi', asking him to inform me of something he had heard from the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP). He wrote to me (in reply): I heard the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP) say on Friday evening, the day on which al-Aslami was stoned to death (for committing adultery): The Islamic religion will continue until the Hour has been established, or you have been ruled over by twelve Caliphs, all of them being from the Quraysh. also heard him say: A small force of the Muslims will capture the white palace, the police of the Persian Emperor or his descendants. I also heard him say: Before the Day of Judgment there will appear (a number of) impostors. You are to guard against them. I also heard him say: When Allah grants wealth to any one of you, he should first spend it on himself and his family (and then give it in charity to the poor). I heard him (also) say: I will be your forerunner at the Cistern (expecting your arrival).[258]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: There will be twelve caliphs for this nation.[259]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: Surely this religion will always overcome its opponents and no enemy or deserter can ever harm it while there are twelve caliphs from my nation in it. All of them will be from Quraysh.[260]
  • Masrooq rates that someone asked Abdullah Ibn Masood, "O Abaa Abd al-Rahmaan, did you ask the Messenger of Allah how many caliphs will rule this nation?" Abdullah Ibn Masood replied, "Yes, we did ask the Messenger of Allah and he replied, "Twelve, like the number of chiefs (nuqabaa) of Bani Israel""[261]
  • The Prophet said: "This religion remains standing until there are twelve vicegerents over you, all of them agreeable to the nation, all of them from Quraysh."[262]
  • The Prophet said: "There will be after me twelve Amirs, all of them from Quraysh."[263]
  • The Prophet said: There will be twelve caliphs after me, all of them will be from Quraysh.[264][265][266][267][268][269][270][271][272][273][274][275][276][277][278][279]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: This affair (Islam) shall always remain mighty impregnable (against evil) and victorious against all its opponents while it is ruled by twelve, all of them will be from Quraysh.[280][281][282][283][284]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: This affair shall always remain mighty and victorious over its opponents while there are twelve. All of them will be from Quraysh.[285]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: This affair (Islam) shall always remain righteous while there are twelve chiefs. All of them will be from Quraysh.[286][287]
  • The Prophet said: This affair shall always remain closely united till there are twelve caliphs in it all of them will be from Quraysh.[288]
  • The Prophet said: This affair (Islam) will always survive while there are twelve chiefs in it. All of them will be from Quraysh.[289][290][291][292][293]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: There will be twelve strong supports for this nation. Whoever forsakes them will not harm them. All of them will be from Quraysh.[294][295][296]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: This affair (Islam) shall always overcome the one who opposes it. No enemy or opponent will harm it while there will be twelve caliphs from Quraysh.[297][298][299]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: Surely this affair (Islam) shall always remain dominant. No opponent can harm it while there are twelve chiefs. All of them will be from Quraysh.[300]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: This affair of this nation (Islam) shall always be dominant while there are twelve chiefs or caliphs. They are all from Quraysh.[301][302][303]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: The affair of this nation shall always remain straight and dominant over its enemy while there are twelve caliphs amongst them. All of them will be from the Quraysh.[304][305][306][307]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: There will be twelve strong people from the Quraysh. The one who bears enmity against them, his enemy, will not harm them.[308][309]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: Twelve (caliphs) will follow this affair (Islam). All of them will be from Quraysh and their likes will not be seen.[310]
  • Abdullah ibn Masood on being asked if he asked the Messenger (PBUH&HP) about how many caliphs will rule this nation. He replied in affirmative and said that the Messenger replied, "Twelve, like the number of chiefs (nuqabaa) of Bani Israel."[311][312][313][314][315][316][317][318][319][320][321][322][323]
  • The Messenger of Allah said: Your caliphs will be twelve, equal to the number of chiefs of Bani Israel.[324][325][326]
  • The Prophet said: Know that the affair of my nation shall always be righteous while there are twelve caliphs in it. All of them will be from the Quraysh.[327][328][329][330][331][332]
  • The Prophet said: This religion shall always be upright while there are twelve from Quraysh. When they are no more, the earth will be destroyed (swallowed) with all its inhabitants.[333][334][335][336][337][338][339]
  • The Prophet who said, “I am the chief of the Prophets and Ali ibn Abi Talib is the chief of successors, and after me my successors shall be twelve, the first of them being Ali ibn Abi Talib and the last of them being Al-Mahdi.” Al-Juwayni also narrates from Ibn ‘Abbas from the Prophet : “Certainly my Caliphs and my legatees and the Proofs of Allah upon his creatures after me are twelve. The first of them is my brother and the last of them is my (grand) son.” He was asked: “O Messenger of Allah, who is your brother?” He said, “Ali ibn Abi Talib” Then they asked, “And who is your son?” The Holy Prophet replied “Al-Mahdi, the one who will fill the earth with justice and equity like it would be brimming with injustice and tyranny. And by the One Who has raised me as a warner and a give of good tidings, even if a day remains for the life of this world, the Almighty Allah will prolong this day to an extent till he sends my son Mahdi, then he will make Ruhullah ‘Isa ibn Maryam (AS) to descend and pray behind him (Imam Al-Mahdi [AS&AJF]). And the earth will be illuminated by his radiance. And his power will reach to the east and the west.” Al-Juwayni also narrates that the Messenger of Allah informed: “I and Ali and Hassan and Hussain and nine of the descendants of Hussain are the purified ones and the inerrant.”[340]

Other[edit]

  • The Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP) said: Don't try to find faults with ‘Ali, he is indeed from me and I am from him, he is your leader after me. He is from me and I am from him, he is your leader after me.[341]
    The Messenger of Allah said to ‘Ali: "Glad tiding O ‘Ali! Verily you and your companions and your Shiah (followers) will be in Paradise."[342][343][344][345][346][347][348]
    The Messenger of Allah (PUH&HP) said: "The Shiah of ‘Ali are the real victorious in the Day of Resurrection."[349][350][351]
    The Messenger of Allah said: "O ‘Ali! On the Day of Judgment I shall resort to Allah and you will resort to me and your children will resort to you and the Shiah will resort to them. Then you will see where they carry us (i.e. to Paradise)."[352]
    The Messenger of Allah said: "O ‘Ali! (On the day of Judgment) you and your Shi’a will come toward Allah well-pleased and well-pleasing, and there will come to Him your enemies angry and stiff-necked (i.e., their head forced up)."[353][354]
    Ibn Abbas narrated: When the verse "Those who believe and do righteous deeds are the best of the creation (Qur’an: Surah Al-Bayyinah [98], Ayah 7)” was revealed, the Messenger of Allah (PBUH&HP) said to ‘Ali: "They are you and your Shiah.” He continued: "O ‘Ali! (On the Day of Judgment) you and your Shiah will come toward Allah well-pleased and well-pleasing, and your enemies will come angry with their head forced up. ‘Ali said: "Who are my enemies?” The Prophet (PBUH&HP) replied: "He who disassociates himself from you and curses you. And glad tiding to those who reach first under the shadow of al-’Arsh on the Day of Resurrection.” ‘Ali asked: "Who are they, O the Messenger of Allah?” He replied: "Your Shiah, O ‘Ali, those who love you."[355][356]
    The Messenger of Allah said: "‘Ali is with Qur’an, and Qur’an is with ‘Ali. They shall not separate from each other till they both return to me by the Pool (of Paradise)."[357][358][359][360]
    Narrate the second Sunni Caliph, Umar ibn al-Khattab, who, when the Muhammed established fraternal and brotherly ties between the companions, said, 'This Ali is my brother in this world and in the hereafter. Among my descendants he is my caliph; he is my successor and vicegerent in my community. He is the heir to my knowledge; he is the payer of my debt. What belongs to him belongs to me; what belongs to me belongs to him; his benefit is my benefit and his loss is my loss. He who is a friend of his is really a friend of mine and he who is an enemy of his is really an enemy of mine.'[361][362][363][364]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ al-Hakim, al-Mustadrak, Vol. III, Pg. 63
  2. ^ al-Hamawini, Fara'id al-simtayn, Vol. I, Pg. 328
  3. ^ al-Dhahabi, Talkhis al-Mustadrak, Vol. III, Pg. 132
  4. ^ Ahmad b. Hanbal, al-Musnad, Vol. I, Pg. 331
  5. ^ al-Khwarazmi, al-Manaqib, Pg. 59
  6. ^ al-Khwarazmi, al-Manaqib, Pg. 72
  7. ^ al-Khwarazmi, al-Manaqib, Pg. 76
  8. ^ al-Khwarazmi, al-Manaqib, Pg. 86
  9. ^ al-Nasa'i, al-Khasa'is, Pg. 63
  10. ^ al-Ganji, Kifayat al-Talib, Pg. 116
  11. ^ Ibn Asakir, al-Tarikh al-Kabir, Vol. I, Pg. 203
  12. ^ al-Biladhuri, Ansab al-Ashraf, Vol. II, Pg. 106
  13. ^ Ibn Kathir, al-Bidayah, Vol. VII, Pg. 338
  14. ^ al-'Asqalani, al-Isabah, Vol. II, Pg. 509
  15. ^ Sahih Bukhari, Book #59, Hadith #700
  16. ^ Sahih Bukhari, Book #57, Hadith #56
  17. ^ Sahih Muslim, Book #31, Hadith #5913
  18. ^ Sahih Muslim, Book #31, Hadith #5914
  19. ^ Sahih Muslim, Book #31, Hadith #5915
  20. ^ Sahih Muslim, Book #31, Hadith #5916
  21. ^ Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Vol. I, Pg. 174
  22. ^ Also Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Vol. I, Pg. 174
  23. ^ Sunan Ibn Majah, Pg. 12
  24. ^ al-Khasa’is, by al-Nisa’i, Pg. 15-16
  25. ^ Mushkil al-Athar, by al-Tahawi, Vol. II, Pg. 309
  26. ^ Kitab Ma'ah Manqhabah 36/361
  27. ^ The Qur'an, Surah Al-Hijr, Ayah 41
  28. ^ Ibn Abi Asem, Kitab Al-Sunnah, graded Sahih by Al-Albani http://shamela.ws/browse.php/book-12051/page-701
  29. ^ The Qur'an, Surah Al-Araf, Ayah 142
  30. ^ The Qur'an, Surah Al-Qasas, Ayah 34-35
  31. ^ The Qur'an, Surah Ta Ha, Ayah 85-90
  32. ^ The Qur'an, Surah Al-Maidah, Ayah 67
  33. ^ Musnad, narrated by Zathan, from thirteen persons, vol. 1 p. 84
  34. ^ Musnad, narrated by Ziyad bin Abu Ziyad, from twelve persons, who had fought in the battle of Badr. vol. 1 p. 88
  35. ^ Musnad, narrated by Sa'id bin Wahhab, from five or six persons, vol. 5 p. 366
  36. ^ Musnad, narrated by Sa'id bin Wahhab and Zayd bin Yathigh, from twelve persons vol. 1 p. 118
  37. ^ Musnad, narrated by Zayd bin Arqam, from sixteen persons, vol. 5 p. 370
  38. ^ Musnad, narrated by Abut-Tufayl, from many persons, vol. 4 p. 370
  39. ^ Musnad, narrated by Abut-Tufayl, from thirty persons, vol. 4 p. 370
  40. ^ Musnad, narrated by Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Leyla, to twelve people, vol. 1 p. 118
  41. ^ Musnad, narrated by Riyah bin al-Harith, from some of the Ansar, vol. 5 p. 419
  42. ^ Musnad, narrated by Riyah bin al-Harith, from some people, vol. 5 p. 419
  43. ^ Musnad, narrated by Sa'id bin Ubayda, from ibn Burayda, from his father, vol. 5 p. 358
  44. ^ Musnad, narrated by Sa'id bin Ubayda from another direction vol. 5 p. 358
  45. ^ Musnad, narrated by Umar bin Maymun, from Ibn Abbas, vol. 1 p. 331
  46. ^ Musnad, narrated by Abu Ubayd, from Ibn Maymun, from Zayd bin Arqam, vol. 4 p. 372
  47. ^ Musnad, narrated by Abdul-Malik, from Zayd bin Arqam, vol. 4 p. 370
  48. ^ Musnad, narrated by To Atiya, vol. 4 p. 370
  49. ^ Musnad, narrated by Al-Bara' bin Aazib from another chain of narrators, vol. 4 p. 281
  50. ^ Musnad, narrated by Al-Bara' bin Aazib from another chain of narrators, vol. 4 p. 282
  51. ^ Musnad, narrated by Abu Maryam and one of Imam Ali's Companions, vol. 1, p. 152
  52. ^ Musnad, narrated by Ibn Abbas, vol. 1 p. 331
  53. ^ Al-Khasa'is, Sa'id bin Wahhab, from five or six persons p. 21
  54. ^ Al-Khasa'is, narrated by Sa'id bin Wahhab, from six persons – p. 26 and 40
  55. ^ Al-Khasa'is, narrated by Zayd bin Yathigh, from six persons—p. 26
  56. ^ Al-Khasa'is, narrated by Amr bin Sa'd, from six persons, Al-Khasa'is, p. 21
  57. ^ Al-Khasa'is, narrated by Amr Dhi Mur, to some persons p. 40
  58. ^ Al-Khasa'is, narrated by Ibn Abbas bin Burayda, p. 21
  59. ^ Al-Khasa'is, From another direction to Ibn Abbas from Burayda, p. 21
  60. ^ Al-Khasa'is, narrated by Sa'id bin Umayr, from ibn Burayda, from his father, p. 21
  61. ^ Al-Khasa'is, narrated by Aamir bin Wathila, p. 24
  62. ^ Al-Khasa'is, narrated by Auf, from Ibn Maymun, from Zayd bin Arqam, p. 22.
  63. ^ Al-Khasa'is, narrated by Abu at-Tufayl, from Zayd bin Arqam-Al Khasa'is, p. 21
  64. ^ Al-Khasa'is, narrated by Ayman, from Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas, p. 4
  65. ^ Al-Khasa'is, narrated by 'Aa'isha bint Sa'd, from Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas, 24–25
  66. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Sa'id bin Wahhab, from six persons vol. 2 p. 28
  67. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Amr Dhi Mur, Sa'id bin Wahhab and Zayd bin Yathigh, from thirteen persons, vol. 2 p. 18
  68. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Amr Dhi Mur and Sa'id bin Wahhab, from six or seven persons—vol. 2 p. 19
  69. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Sa'id bin Wahhab and Abd Khayr, from some persons, vol. 2 p. 20
  70. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Leyla vol. 2 p. 9
  71. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Also Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Leyla, vol. 2 p. 9
  72. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Salama from Hudhayfa bin Usayd vol. 2 p. 45
  73. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas, vol. 2 p. 53
  74. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Umar bin al-Khattab, vol. 2 p. 80
  75. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Malik bin al-Huwayrith, vol. 2 p. 80
  76. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Ibrahim bin al-Husayn, from Abu Hurayra, vol. 2 p. 72
  77. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Abu 'Ishaq al-Khitabi, from Abu Hurayra, vol. 2 p. 74
  78. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Mansur bin abul-Aswad, from Abu Hurayra, vol. 2 p. 74
  79. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Abu Ya'la, from Abu Hurayra, vol. 2p. 74
  80. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Abdullah bin Adiy, from Abu Hurayra vol. 2 p. 75
  81. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Habshun, from Abu Hurayra, vol. 2 p. 75
  82. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Ali bin Shu'eib, from Abu Hurayra, vol. 2 p. 76
  83. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Ad-Daqqaq, from Abu Hurayra, vol. 2 p. 77
  84. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Samra bin Jundub, vol. 2 p. 71
  85. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Shuriet bin Anas, vol. 2 p. 72
  86. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Qubaysa, from Jabir bin Abdullah, vol. 2 p. 65
  87. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Qubaysa, from someone else, vol. 2 p. 63
  88. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Muhammad bin al-Munkadir, from Jabir bin Abdullah, vol. 2 p. 65
  89. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Aqil, from someone else, vol. 2 p. 62
  90. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Abdur-Rahman bin Bahman, vol. 2 p. 63
  91. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Abu Bastam, Usama's freed slave, vol. 2 p. 86
  92. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Ali bin Khadim, from Abu Sa'id, vol. 2 p. 69
  93. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated From another chain of narrators to Shu'ba, from Zayd bin Arqam, vol. 2 p. 42
  94. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Atiya al-Aufi, from Zayd bin Arqam, vol. 2 p. 39
  95. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Abu Surayha or Zayd bin Arqam, vol. 2 p. 36
  96. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Abu Abdullah ash-Shami, from Zayd bin Arqam, vol. 2 p. 38
  97. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Habibu l-Iskafi, from Zayd bin Arqam, vol. 2 p. 41
  98. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Abu 'Ishaq, from Zayd bin Arqam, vol. 2 p. 41
  99. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Al-Bara' bin Aazib from a tenth chain of narrators, vol. 2 p. 48
  100. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Al-Bara' bin Aazib from an eleventh chain of narrators, vol. 2 p. 50
  101. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Al-Bara' bin Aazib, from another chain of narrators, vol. 2 p. 50
  102. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Abu 'Ishaq, from al-Bara' bin Aazib and Zayd bin Arqam vol. 2 p. 52
  103. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Amr Dhi Mur, vol. 2 p. 30
  104. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Al-Husayn bin Ali, from Imam Ali, vol. 2, p. 26
  105. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Umar bin Ali, from Imam Ali, vol. 2 p. 28
  106. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Abu at-Tufayl, from Imam Ali, vol. 2, p. 20
  107. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Zayd bin Arqam, from Imam Ali, vol. 2, p. 20
  108. ^ The History of Damascus, narrated by Ibn Umar, vol. 2 p. 83
  109. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Habba bin Juwayn al-Urani, vol. 1 p. 376
  110. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Jundu' bin Amr bin Mazin, vol. 1 p. 308
  111. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Ya'la bin Murra, vol. 3 p. 233
  112. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Abu Ayyub, vol. 5 p. 6
  113. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Abu at-Tufeil, from Abu Qudama, vol. 5 p. 276
  114. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Ya'la, from Aamir bin Leyla, vol. 3 p. 93
  115. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Ya'la bin Murra, from Yazid or Zayd bin Shuraheel, vol. 2 p. 233
  116. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Hudhayfa bin Usayd and Aamir bin Leyla bin Zamra, vol. 3 p. 92
  117. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Aamir bin Leyla from another chain of narrators, vol. 3 p. 93
  118. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Abu Amra, from Amr bin Mahz, vol. 3 p. 307
  119. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Abu Zaynab, vol. 3 p. 307
  120. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Sahl bin Hunayf, vol. 3 p. 307
  121. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Khuzayma bin Thabit, vol. 3 p. 307
  122. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Abdullah bin Thabit al-Ansari, vol. 3 p. 307
  123. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Habashi bin Junada, vol. 3 p. 307
  124. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Ubayd bin Aazib, vol. 3 p. 307
  125. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Nu'Man bin Ajlan, vol. 3 p. 307
  126. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Thabit bin Wadi'a, vol. 3 p. 307
  127. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Abu Fuzala al-Ansari, vol. 3 p. 307
  128. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Najiya bin Amr al-Khuza'i, vol. 5 p. 6
  129. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Miqdad bin Amr, vol. 5 p. 6
  130. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Al-Asbagh, from Ubayd bin Aazib al-Ansari, vol. 3 p. 307 and vol. 5 p. 205
  131. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Habib bin Badil bin Warqa', vol. 1 p. 368
  132. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Qays bin Thabit bin Shamaas, vol. 1 p. 367
  133. ^ Usud al-Ghabah, narrated by Hashim bin Utba, vol. 1 p. 368
  134. ^ Ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib, narrated by Abd Khayr, Amr Dhi Mur and Habbatul-Urani, from twelve people, p. 20
  135. ^ Ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib, narrated by Hamid at-Tawil, from Anas
  136. ^ Ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib, narrated by Abu Salama, from Muhammad bin al-Munkadir, p. 25
  137. ^ Ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib, narrated by Al-Hakam bin Abu Sulayman, from Zayd bin Arqam, p. 23
  138. ^ Ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib, narrated by Abuz-Zuha, from Zayd bin Arqam, p. 20
  139. ^ Ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib, narrated by Zayd's wife, from Zayd bin Arqam, p. 16
  140. ^ Ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib, narrated by Abdullah bin Mas'ud, p. 23
  141. ^ Ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib, narrated by Atiyah, from ibn Abu Awfa, p. 24
  142. ^ Ibnul-Maghazili's Manaqib, narrated by Umayra bin Sa'd, p. 26
  143. ^ Sunan ibn Majah, narrated by Al-Bara' bin Aazib, vol. 1 p. 55
  144. ^ Sunan ibn Majah, narrated by Abdur-Rahman bin Saabit, from Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas, vol. 1, p. 58
  145. ^ Majma al-Zawa'id, narrated by Sa'id bin Wahhab, from thirteen persons vol. 9
  146. ^ Majma al-Zawa'id, narrated by Abu Hurayra, Anas and Abu Sa'id, from nine persons and others, vol. 9 p. 708
  147. ^ Majma al-Zawa'id, narrated by Hamid bin Imara, vol. 9p. 107
  148. ^ Kifayat at-Talib, narrated by Sa'id bin Wahhab and Zayd bin Yathigh, from some persons p. 18
  149. ^ Kifayat at-Talib, narrated by Abdullah bin Muhammad bin Aqil, from Muhammad bin al-Munkadir, p. 14
  150. ^ Kifayat at-Talib, narrated by From another direction to Abu at-Tufayl, from Zayd bin Arqam, p. 13–14
  151. ^ Al-Isaba, narrated by Abut-Tufayl, from seventeen persons, vol. 4 p. 156
  152. ^ Al-Isaba, narrated by Al-Asbagh bin Nabata, from some persons, vol. 4 p. 80
  153. ^ Al-Isaba, narrated by Abdullah bin Bamil, vol. 2 p. 374
  154. ^ Sharh Nahjul Balagha, narrated by Abu Zumayla, from some persons
  155. ^ Hilyat al-awliya, narrated by Umayra bin Sa'd, from twelve persons, vol. 5 p. 26
  156. ^ Hilyat al-awliya, narrated by Umar bin Abdul-Aziz, from some persons, vol. 5 p. 364
  157. ^ Hilyat al-awliya, narrated To Tawus, from Burayda, vol. 4 p. 23
  158. ^ Tarikh Baghdad, narrated by Umayra, from eighteen persons, vol. 2 p. 13
  159. ^ Tarikh Baghdad, narrated by Umayra, from other eight sources, vol. 2 p. 13
  160. ^ Tarikh Baghdad, narrated by Musa bin Ayyub, from Abu Hurayra, vol. 8 p. 290
  161. ^ Tarikh Baghdad, narrated by Al-Mansur, from his father, from his grandfather, from Ibn Abbas, vol. 12 p. 343
  162. ^ Tarikh Baghdad, narrated by Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Leyla, vol. 14 p. 236
  163. ^ Al-Kuna wa al-Asma, narrated by Abu Qulaba, from more than ten people, vol. 2 p. 61
  164. ^ Al-Kuna wa al-Asma, narrated by Abu 'Ishaq as-Subay'i, from al-Bara' bin Aazib, vol. 1 p. 160
  165. ^ Mushkil ul-Athar, narrated by Abu 'Ishaq as-Subay'i, from more than ten people, vol. 2 p. 307
  166. ^ Jami` at-Tirmidhi, narrated by Salama from Hudhayfa bin Usayd, vol. 13 p. 165
  167. ^ Muwazihul-Awham, narrated by As'ad bin Zurara, from his father, vol. 1 p. 91
  168. ^ Al-Kafi ash-Shafi, narrated by Isa bin Talha, from Talha bin Abdullah, p. 95
  169. ^ Talha, p. 95
  170. ^ Tafsir ibn Kathir, narrated by Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Leyla from another direction, vol 2 p. 14
  171. ^ Tafsir ibn Kathir, narrated by Abdur-Rahman bin abu Leyla, vol. 2 p. 14
  172. ^ Tafsir ibn Kathir, narrated by To Abu at-Tufayl, from Zayd bin Arqam, vol. 2 p. 14
  173. ^ Tafsir ibn Kathir, narrated by Zayd bin Wahhab and Abd Khayr, from Imam Ali, vol. 2, p. 14
  174. ^ Al-Mu'jam al-Kabeer, narrated by Habashi bin Junada, p. 127
  175. ^ Al-Mu'jam al-Kabeer, narrated by Bishr bin Harb, from Jarir, p. 127
  176. ^ Al-Mu'jam al-Kabeer, narrated by Abu Ayyub, p. 157
  177. ^ Al-Mu'jam al-Kabeer, narrated to Abu at-Tufayl, from Zayd bin Arqam, p. 127 (Manuscript)
  178. ^ Al-Mu'jam al-Kabeer, narrated by Hudhayfa bin Usayd or Zayd bin Arqam, p. 157 (Manuscript)
  179. ^ Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya, narrated by Amr Dhi Mur, vol. 5 p. 210
  180. ^ Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya, narrated by Bint Ka'b (Ka'b's daughter) from Abu Sa'id, vol. 5 p. 208
  181. ^ Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya, narrated by Abu Maryam or Zayd bin Arqam, vol. 7 p. 348
  182. ^ Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya, narrated by Yazid bin Talha, vol. 5 p. 108
  183. ^ a b Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya, narrated by Al-Bara' bin Aazib, vol. 5 p. 208
  184. ^ Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya, narrated by Al Bara' bin Aazib, vol. 5 p. 208
  185. ^ Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya, narrated by Umar bin Ali, from Imam Ali, vol. 5, p. 221
  186. ^ Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya, narrated From another direction to 'Aa'isha bint Sa'd from Sa'd bin abu Waqqas, vol. 5 p. 208
  187. ^ Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain, narrated by Sa'd bin Malik, vol. 3 p. 116
  188. ^ Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain, narrated by Ibn Wathila, from Zayd bin Arqam, vol. 3 p. 109
  189. ^ Talkhis al-Mustadrak, narrated by Aamir bin Wathila, vol. 3 p. 109
  190. ^ Arjah ul-Matalib, narrated by Abul-Hamra', p. 581
  191. ^ Arjah ul-Matalib, narrated by Fatima binte Muhammad p. 448 and 571
  192. ^ Al-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, narrated by Al-Bazzar, from Abu Hurayra, p. 94
  193. ^ Al-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, narrated by Al-Abdi, from Abu Sa'id
  194. ^ Al-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, narrated by Abd bin Thabit, from al-Bara' bin Aazib, p. 93
  195. ^ Al-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, narrated by Aamir bin Wathila, from Imam Ali, vol. 1, p. 41
  196. ^ Al-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, narrated by Salman, from Imam Ali, vol. 1 p. 41
  197. ^ Al-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, narrated by Amr bin al-Aas, p. 125
  198. ^ Al-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, narrated by Amr bin al-Aas-Khawarizmi's Manaqib, p. 126
  199. ^ Al-Mu'jam As-Saghir, narrated by Tawus, from Burayda, vol. 1 p. 71
  200. ^ Al-Jarh wa at-Ta'dil, narrated by Abu Leyla bin Sa'id, from his father, vol. 4 p. 431
  201. ^ The History of Islam, narrated by Shu'ba, from Ibn Maymun, from Zayd bin Arqam, vol. 2 p. 196
  202. ^ The History of Islam, narrated by Aamir bin Sa'd, from Sa'd bin Abu Waqqas, vol. 2
  203. ^ Fara'id al-Simtayn, narrated by Al-Bara' bin Aazib, vol. 1 p. 64
  204. ^ Fara'id al-Simtayn, narrated by Al-Bara' bin Aazib from another direction, vol. 1 p. 65
  205. ^ Fara'id al-Simtayn, narrated by Ammar bin Yasir, vol. 1 p. 195
  206. ^ Fara'id al-Simtayn, narrated by Amr Dhi Mur, from Imam Ali, vol. 1, p. 67
  207. ^ Fara'id al-Simtayn, narrated by Sulaym bin Qays, from some persons, one of them was Abu Dharr, vol. 1 p. 315
  208. ^ Fara'id al-Simtayn, narrated by Hasan bin Thabit, vol. 1 p. 73
  209. ^ Du'atul-Hudat, from Hudhayfa bin al-Yaman
  210. ^ Al-Imama wa al-Siyasa, from Amr bin al-Aas p. 93
  211. ^ Salama, abu at-Tufeil from Hudhayfa bin Useid al-Ghifari
  212. ^ Tawus, from his father, Ahmad bin Hanbal's Manaqib, (Manuscript)
  213. ^ Mizanul-I'tidal, Amr Dhi Mur, from Imam Ali, vol. 2 p. 303.
  214. ^ Musnad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Vol. 4, Pg. 281
  215. ^ Tafsir al-Kabir, by Fakhr al-Razi, Vol. 12, Pg. 49-50
  216. ^ Mishkat al-Masabih, by al-Khatib al-Tabrizi, Pg. 557
  217. ^ Habib al-Siyar, by Mir Khand, Vol. 1, Part 3, Pg. 144
  218. ^ Kitab Al-Wilayah, by Ibn Jarir al-Tabari
  219. ^ al-Musannaf, by Ibn Abi Shaybah
  220. ^ al-Musnad, by Abu Ya’ala
  221. ^ Hadith al-Wilayah, by Ahmad Ibn `Uqdah
  222. ^ Tarikh, by Khatib al-Baghdadi, Vol. 8, Pg. 290,596
  223. ^ Sahih al-Muslim, Kitab al-Imaarah
  224. ^ Al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 285, Tr. No. 2068 and 2069
  225. ^ Kefaayah al-Asar, pg 51, Chap 6, Tr. No. 3
  226. ^ Bihar Al-Anwar, Vol. 36
  227. ^ Al-Taraaef, pg 168-172
  228. ^ Al-Khesaal, pg 469-473. Tr. No 12-30
  229. ^ Al-Umdah by Ibn Bitreeq
  230. ^ E'laam al-Waraa by Tabarsi
  231. ^ Sahih al-Muslim, Kitab al-Imaarah
  232. ^ Mukhtasar al-sahih al-Muslim by Tirmidhi, Tr. No. 1196
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  234. ^ Musnad Abi Ya'laa, Vol. 13, pg 456, Tr. No. 23(7463)
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  236. ^ Kanz al-Ummaal Vol. 12, pg 32, Tr. No. 33855
  237. ^ al-Ghaibah by No'mani, pg 120, part 6, Tr No. 9 and pg 119, Chap 6, Tr. no. 6
  238. ^ Bihar Al-Anwar Vol. 36, pg 281, Chap 41, Tr. No. 102
  239. ^ Musnad Tayalesi, Vol. 3, pg 105 Tr. No 767 and Vol. 6, pg 180 Tr. No 1278, published at Hyderabad, India in 1321 A.H
  240. ^ Al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 258, Tr. No. 1964
  241. ^ Al-Fetan, Vol. 1, pg 39, Chap 7, Tr. No. 2
  242. ^ Al-Malaahem wa al-Fetan pg 32, chap 29
  243. ^ Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 5, pg 93
  244. ^ Sunan Abi Dawood, Kitab al-Mahdi
  245. ^ Taarikh Baghdad, Vol. 12, pg 126, No. 516
  246. ^ Al-Bidaaya wa al-Nihaayah, Vol. 1, pg 18
  247. ^ Al-Mojam Al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 214, Tr. No. 1792 and 1793
  248. ^ Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 5, pg 86
  249. ^ al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 218, Tr. No. 1808
  250. ^ Lawaame' al-Uqool, Vol. 5, pg 150
  251. ^ al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 215, Tr. No. 1798
  252. ^ Sahih Bukhari, Book 89, Hadith #329
  253. ^ Sahih Muslim, Book 20 Hadith #4477
  254. ^ Sahih Muslim, Book 20 Hadith #4478
  255. ^ Sahih Muslim, Sahih Muslim, Book 20 Hadith #4480
  256. ^ Sahih Muslim, Book #020 Hadith #4481
  257. ^ Sahih Muslim, Book #020 Hadith #4482
  258. ^ Sahih Muslim, Book #020, Hadith #4483
  259. ^ Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Vol. 5 Pg. 106
  260. ^ Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Vol. 5 Pg. 87
  261. ^ Musnad Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Vol. 1 Pg. 398
  262. ^ Sunan Abu Dawoud, Book 36 Number 4266
  263. ^ Sunan al-Tirmidhi (Arabic) Chapter of Fitan, 2:45 (India) 4:501 Tradition #2225 (Egypt) Hadith #2149 (numbering of al-'Alamiyyah)
  264. ^ Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 5, pg 92
  265. ^ Kanz al-Ummaal, Vol. 12, pg 33, Tr. no 33860 narrating from Tabraani and Tr. No. 33803, narrating from Tirmidhi
  266. ^ Sunan al-Tirmidhi, Kitab al-Fetan, Chap 46, Tr. No. 2223
  267. ^ Tarikh Baghdad Vol. 14, pg 353, No. 7673
  268. ^ Al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 236. Tr. No. 1875 and pg 248, tr. No. 1923 and pg 251, Tr. No 1936 and pg. 283 Tr. No. 2063 and Vol. 2, pg 215, Tr. No 1799.
  269. ^ Al-Ghaibah of No'mani, pg 123 chap 6, Tr. No 14, and pg 120, Chap 6, Tr. No. 8
  270. ^ Kifaayaa al-Asar, pg 50, Chap 6, Tr. No. 2
  271. ^ Nihaayah al-bidaayah wa al-Nihaayah Vol. 1, pg 17
  272. ^ Yanaabi al-Mawaddah, Chap 77, pg 445
  273. ^ Al-Mawaddah al-Qurbah, pg 215
  274. ^ Kashf al-Yaqeen, chap 2, pg 71
  275. ^ Al-Ghaibah by No'maani pg 120, Chap 6, Tr. No. 8
  276. ^ Kifaayah al-Asar, pg 27, Chap 2, Tr. No 5 and pg 76, Chap 8, Tr. no. 6 and pg 77, Chap 8, Tr. No. 7 and pg 78, Chap 8, Tr. No. 9
  277. ^ Behaar al-Anwwar, Vol. 36, chap 41, pg 282, Tr. No 103 and Vol. 36, Chap 41, pg 255, Tr. No. 72 and Vol. 36, pg 311, Chap 41, Tr. No. 153-156
  278. ^ Al-Insaaf, Tr. No. 129 and pg 292, Tr. No. 264 and Tr. No. 127
  279. ^ Kamaal al-Deen, Vol. 1, pg 279, Chap 24, Tr. No. 26
  280. ^ Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 5, pg 93, 96, 98
  281. ^ Al-Ghaibah by No'maani, pg 116, chap 6, Tr. No. 17
  282. ^ Sahih Muslim, Kitaab al-Imaarah
  283. ^ Kanz al-Ummaal, Vol. 12, pg 32, Tr. No. 33850
  284. ^ Al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 213, Tr. No 1791 and Vol. 2, pg 214, Tr. No 1795
  285. ^ Tarikh al-Khulafaa, The chapter of the duration of the Caliphs, pg 7
  286. ^ Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 5, pg 97
  287. ^ al-Malaahem by Ibn al-Munaadi, pg 113
  288. ^ Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 5, pg 107
  289. ^ Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 5, pg. 97
  290. ^ Sahih al-Muslim, Kitab al-Imaarah
  291. ^ Al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 228, Tr. No. 1849, and Tr. No. 1850 and Tr. No. 1851
  292. ^ al-Malaahim by ibn Munaadi, pg 112
  293. ^ Firdaus al-Akhbaar, Vol. 5, pg 7705
  294. ^ al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 214. Tr. No. 1794
  295. ^ al-mo'jam al-Awsat, Vol. 3, pg 437, Tr. No. 2943
  296. ^ Kanz al-Ummaal Vol. 12, pg 33, Tr. No. 33858
  297. ^ al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 215. Tr. No. 1796
  298. ^ Kanz al-Ummaal Vol. 12, pg 33, Tr. No. 33852
  299. ^ Lawaame al-Uqool, Vol. 5, pg 151
  300. ^ al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2 Pg. 238. No. 1883
  301. ^ al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 215. Tr. No. 1797 and Vol. 2, pg 226, Tr. No. 1841
  302. ^ Kanz al-Ummaal Vol. 12, pg 33, Tr. No. 33853
  303. ^ Al-Mustadrak alaa al-Sahihain, Kitaab-o-Ma'refat al-Sahaabaa, Vol. 3, pg 317-617
  304. ^ al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 282. Tr. No. 2059
  305. ^ Kanz al-Ummaal Vol. 12, pg 32, Tr. No. 33848
  306. ^ al-Bidaaya wa al-Nihaaya, Vol. 1, pg 17
  307. ^ al-Ghaibah of No'maani, pg 119, Chap 6, Tr No. 7
  308. ^ al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, pg 286. Tr. No. 2073
  309. ^ Majmaa az-Zawaaed, Vol. 5, pg 191, Chapter, 'The Caliphs are Twelve'. The author of Muntakhab al Asar says, "Tabraani in his al-Mo'jam al-Kabeer, Vol. 2, has brought this tradition of Jaabir from thirty-seven chain of narrators. It is clear that Jaabir has heard the tradition concerning the twelve caliphs on more than one occasion from the Messenger of Allah like the eve of the stoning of Al-Aslami, in the last pilgrimage at Arafaah, when he went to the Prophet along with his father and when he heard the Prophet delivering a sermon in the mosque.
  310. ^ Kamaal al-Deen, Vol. 1, pg 272, Chap 24, Tr. No 21
  311. ^ Musnad Ahmad, Vol. 1, pg 398
  312. ^ Kanz al-Ummaal, Vol. 12, pg 33, Tr. no. 33857
  313. ^ Muntakhab Kanz al-Ummaal, Vol. 5, pg 312
  314. ^ Taarikh al-Khulafaa, pg 7
  315. ^ Majma al-Zawaaed, Vol. 5, pg 190 (The Chapter of Twelve)
  316. ^ Al-Mataaleb al-Aaliyah, Vol. 2, pg 196. Tr. No. 2040-2041
  317. ^ Al-Durr al-Manthoor by Jalaaluddin al-Suyuti under the Quranic verse, "And We raised amongst them twelve chiefs" (Surah Maaedah 5:12)
  318. ^ Mutashaabehaat al-Quran Vol. 2, pg 53
  319. ^ Yanaabi al-Mawaddah, pg 258
  320. ^ Mustadrak al-Sahihain, Vol. 4, pg 501
  321. ^ Musnad Abi Ya'laa, Vol. 8, pg 444, Tr. no 65 (5031), Vol. 9, pg 222, Tr. no 356 (5322)
  322. ^ Mutazab al-Asar pg 3, Tr. No. 1
  323. ^ Isbaat al-Hudaat (by Shaikh Hurr al-Aameli), Vol. 3, pg 196
  324. ^ Al-Ghaibah of No'maani, pg 118, Tr. No 5
  325. ^ Kefaayah al-Asar, pg 23, Chap 2, Tr. No. 2 and pg 25, Chap 2, Tr. No. 3
  326. ^ Bihar Al-Anwar, Vol. 36, Chap 41, pg 229, Tr. No 8 narrating from al-Uyoon, al-Khesaal, kamaal al-Deen, al-Lawaame' al-Elaahiyyah, pg 286
  327. ^ Al-Malaahem by Ibn Al-Munaadi, pg 113
  328. ^ Mustadrak Alaa al-Sahihain, Vol. 3, pg 618
  329. ^ Kanz al-Ummaal, Vol. 12, pg 33, Tr. No. 33849
  330. ^ Majma al-Zawaaed, Vol. 5, pg 190
  331. ^ Al-Intinsaar fi Naas Al-Aimmah al-Athaar, pg 25
  332. ^ Akhbaar Isbahaan Vol. 2, pg 176 The Chapter of Meem
  333. ^ Kanz al-Ummaal, Vol. 12, pg 34, Tr. No. 3386
  334. ^ Kash al-Astaar, part 1, pg 99 narrating from al-Ebaanah
  335. ^ E'laam al-Waraa pg 384
  336. ^ Muqtazab al-Asar, pg 3-4
  337. ^ Manaaqeb of ibn Shar Aashob, Vol. 1, pg 290
  338. ^ Bihar Al-Anwar Vol. 36, pg 267, Chap 41, Tr. No. 87
  339. ^ Al-Insaaf, pg 361
  340. ^ Al-Juwayni, Fara’id al-Simtayn, Mu’assassat al-Mahmudi li-Taba’ah, Beirut 1978, p. 160
  341. ^ Msunad Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Vol. V, Pg. 356, Matba‘ah al-Maymaniyyah
  342. ^ Fadha’il al-Sahaba, by Ahmad Ibn Hanbal, Vol. 2, Pg. 655
  343. ^ Hilyatul Awliyaa, by Abu Nu’aym, Vol. 4, Pg. 329
  344. ^ Tarikh, by al-Khateeb al-Baghdadi, Vol. 12, Pg. 289
  345. ^ al-Awsat, by al-Tabarani
  346. ^ Majma’ al-Zawa’id, by al-Haythami, Vol. 10, Pg. 21-22
  347. ^ al-Darqunti, who said this tradition has been transmitted via numerous chains of narrators
  348. ^ al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar Haythami, Ch. 11, section 1, Pg. 247
  349. ^ al-Manaqib Ahmad
  350. ^ Yanabi al-Mawaddah, by al-Qundoozi al-Hanafi, Pg. 62
  351. ^ Tafsir al-Durr al-Manthoor, by al-Hafidh Jalaluddin al-Suyuti
  352. ^ Rabi al-Abrar, by al-Zamakhshari
  353. ^ al-Tabarani, on the authority of Imam ‘Ali
  354. ^ al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar al-Haythami, Ch. 11, Section 1, Pg. 236
  355. ^ al-Hafidh Jamaluddin al-Dharandi
  356. ^ al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar, Ch. 11, Section 1, Pg. 246-247
  357. ^ al-Mustadrak, by al-Hakim, Vol. 3, Pg. 124
  358. ^ al-Sawa’iq al-Muhriqah, by Ibn Hajar, Ch. 9, Section 2, pg. 191, 194
  359. ^ al-Awsat, by al-Tabarani; also in al-Saghir
  360. ^ Tarikh al-Khulafa, by Jalaluddin al-Suyuti, Pg. 173
  361. ^ Manaqib Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Tha'labi
  362. ^ Tafsir Ahmad ibn Muhammad al-Tha'labi
  363. ^ Mawaddatu'l-Qurba Mir Seyyed Ali Hamadani
  364. ^ Manaqib Ibn Maghazili Faqih Shafi'i
  • Dhakhad'ir al-'uqba, Pg. 63
  • al-Fusul al-muhimmah, Pg. 21
  • Kifayat al-Talib of Kaoji Shafi'l, 1356, Pg. 148-154
  • Sawa'iq al-muhriqah, Pg. l77

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