Hadlow (ship)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For other uses, see Hadlow (disambiguation).
Career (United Kingdom)
Name: Hadlow
Owner: W Parker & Co
Port of registry: London
Launched: 1814
Fate: Foundered 1823
General characteristics
Class & type: Transport ship
Tons burthen: 374 tons b.o.m.
Decks: Two decks
Propulsion: Sails
Sail plan: Full-rigged ship

Hadlow was a full-rigged ship which was used to transport convicts between the United Kingdom, India and New South Wales. She also made voyages between the United Kingdom and Sierra Leone before being lost with all hands in 1823.

Construction[edit]

Hadlow was built in Quebec, British North America in 1814 for W. Parker & Co. A two-decked full-rigged ship with a coppered hull, she was assessed at 374 tons Builder's Old Measurement. Her port of registry was London.[1][2]

History[edit]

Few details of her first years of service are known. Having left London under the command of one Captain Davison on 27 May,[3] Hadlow sailed from Cromarty, Scotland, to the Hudson Bay in June 1815 with 34 colonists from Stromness and possibly Loch Eriboll.[4][5] She arrived in York Factory on 26 August 1815 and left again on 7 September to winter at Strutton Sound. Hadlow arrived back in London on 4 November the following year. [3]

Described as "new built", Hadlow sailed from London for Bengal, India via Madeira, Portugal in February 1817 under the command of Captain Edward Lamb.[6] During the return voyage from Calcutta, Captain Lamb died on 31 December 1817.[7] Command of the ship was taken by Captain Anderson. Hadlow collided with the transport ship Wyton in the English Channel in April 1818.[8]

In July 1818, Hadlow was fitted for the transportation of convicts at Deptford Dockyard, Kent. Her guard of a lieutenant and 32 troops of the 48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot embarked on 17 July, along with six women and four children. She sailed to Woolwich, Kent on 30 July and took 50 male convicts from the prison hulk Justitia on 1 August. The next day, she sailed for Sheerness, Kent where she took 97 convicts from the prison hulks Bellerophon and Retribution.

Hadlow departed from Sheerness for New South Wales on 22 August under the command of Captain John Craigie.[Note 1][9] Having called in at the Cape of Good Hope en route,[2] she arrived at Port Jackson on 23 December,[10][11] and her cargo of 149 male convicts were turned over to the authorities there, one having died en route.[Note 2][12] A woman who had been taken on board at the Cape of Good Hope gave birth to a stillborn child shortly after arrival at Port Jackson and subsequently died. The convicts were disembarked on 4 January 1819 for inspection by Governor Macquarie.[2]

Hadlow departed from Sydney, New South Wales for Calcutta India on or about 20 January 1819.[13] She departed from Calcutta in late May 1819 for London, where she arrived in early December under the command of Captain Lamb.[14]

Hadlow departed from Deptford on 20 February 1820 for Gravesend, where, on 23 February, she embarked a captain, sergeant and 32 privates of the 48th (Northamptonshire) Regiment of Foot. She then sailed to Cobh, County Cork to collect another 150 male convicts, who were embarked on 23 March. Hadlow sailed on 2 April. She arrived at Port Jackson on 5 August 1820,[15] two of the convicts having died en route.[16] The convicts were disembarked on 15 August.[15] Hadlow departed from Sydney on 15 September for Batavia, Netherlands East Indies.[17] She returned from Batavia in October 1820 in company with Earl St. Vincent, Mangles and Neptune; the four ships bringing 603 convicts to Port Jackson between them.[18]

Hadlow sailed from London for Bombay, India on or about 10 October 1821.[19] She arrived in April 1822.[20] Hadlow departed from Bombay on 2 June 1822 and arrived in The Downs in mid-October.[21] On a voyage in 1823, Yellow Fever broke out on board ship, killing four of her crew at Sierra Leone. The disease was brought to Sierra Leone either by the merchant ship Caroline or by USS Cyane.[22] At the time, Hadlow was under the command of Captain Praguel.[23] She departed for London on 31 August, but subsequently foundered with the loss of all hands.[24] There was a report of her arriving in The Downs on 4 September 1823,[23] but this is clearly an error.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Captain Craigie's surname is also spelled "Craige" and "Cragie" in sources. The spelling "Craigie" has been adopted for this article
  2. ^ The figures don't tally, but are given per sources quoted.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The Register of Shipping for the Year 1821.". Lloyd's Register: p. 240. 1821. 
  2. ^ a b c "Convict Ship Hadlow 1818". Jen Willetts. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Houston, Stuart; Ball, Tim; Huston, Mary (2003). Eighteenth-Century Naturalists of Hudson Bay. McGill-Queen's Press. ISBN 9780773569751. 
  4. ^ John Ross Robertson, ed. (1914). Robertson's Landmarks of Toronto: A Collection of Historical Sketches of the Old Town of York from 1792 Until 1837, and of Toronto from 1834 to 1914. p. 121. 
  5. ^ Lucille H. Campey (2003). The Silver Chief: Lord Selkirk and the Scottish Pioneers of Belfast, Baldoon and Red River. Dundum. ISBN 9781554883547. 
  6. ^ "(advertisement)". The Morning Chronicle (14885). 15 January 1817. 
  7. ^ "DIED.". The Morning Chronicle (15281). 23 April 1818. 
  8. ^ "LLOYD'S MARINE LIST - May 1.". Caledonian Mercury (15079). 7 May 1818. 
  9. ^ "Ship News". The Morning Post (14851). 25 August 1818. 
  10. ^ "Ship News.". The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW: National Library of Australia). 26 December 1818. p. 3. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  11. ^ "HOBART TOWN.". The Hobart Town Gazette and Southern Reporter (Tasmania: National Library of Australia). 2 January 1819. p. 2. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  12. ^ "Sydney.". The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW: National Library of Australia). 2 January 1819. p. 2. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  13. ^ "Classified Advertising.". The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW: National Library of Australia). 9 January 1819. p. 1. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  14. ^ "(untitled)". Caledonian Mercury (15328). 2 December. 
  15. ^ a b "Convict Ship Hadlow 1820". Jen Willetts. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  16. ^ "Ship News.". The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW: National Library of Australia). 5 August 1820. p. 2. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  17. ^ "Ship News.". The Sydney Gazette and New South Wales Advertiser (NSW: National Library of Australia). 16 September 1820. p. 2. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  18. ^ "(untitled)". The Hobart Town Gazette and Southern Reporter (Tasmania: National Library of Australia). 7 October 1820. p. 2. Retrieved 29 December 2013. 
  19. ^ "(advertisement)" The Times (London). Tuesday, 20 September 1821. (11356), col A, p. 1.
  20. ^ "Ship News". The Morning Post (16075). 21 March 1822. 
  21. ^ "Ship News". The Morning Post (16093). 14 October 1822. 
  22. ^ "SATURDAY, SUNDAY and TUESDAY's POSTS". Derby Mercury (4749). 16 July 1823. 
  23. ^ a b "Ship News". The Morning Post (16447). 8 September 1823. 
  24. ^ "Ship News". Caledonian Mercury (16007). 22 March 1824.