Hadlow Castle

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Hadlow Castle
Photograph of Hadlow Castle taken from Church Street, Hadlow in 1977
Hadlow Castle, 1977
Hadlow Castle is located in Kent
Hadlow Castle
Location of Hadlow Castle within Kent
Alternative names May's Folly
General information
Type Folly
Architectural style Gothic Revival
Town or city Hadlow
Country United Kingdom
Coordinates 51°13′25″N 0°20′20″E / 51.22361°N 0.33889°E / 51.22361; 0.33889
Construction started c1785
Completed 1852
Renovated 2011–13
Demolished 1951 (apart from tower and courtyard buildings)
Owner Vivat Trust
Height 170 feet (52 m)
Design and construction
Architect George Ledwell Taylor

Hadlow Castle is a Grade I listed country house and tower in Hadlow, Kent, England.

History[edit]

Hadlow Castle replaced the manor house of Hadlow Court Lodge. It was built over a number of years from the late 1780s, commissioned by Walter May in an ornate Gothic style. The architect was J. Dugdale.[1] his son, Walter Barton May inherited the estate in 1823, and another inheritance in 1832 from his wife's family. He added a 170 feet (52 m) octagonal tower in 1838, the architect was George Ledwell Taylor. A 40 feet (12 m) octagonal lantern was added in 1840 and another smaller tower was added in 1852. This was dismantled in 1905. Walter Barton May died in 1858 and the estate was sold. Subsequent owners were Robert Rodger, JP, High Sheriff of Kent, in 1865. He died in 1882 and the castle was bought by Dr. MacGeagh, a Harley Street specialist in 1891. He would drive in his carriage to Tonbridge and catch the train to London thus being an early commuter. The castle passed to T E Foster MacGeagh and he sold it in 1919 to Henry Thomas Pearson, whose family occupied it until 1946. During the war it was used as a watchtower by the Royal Observer Corps. The unoccupied castle changed hands several times after the Pearsons' left, and was demolished in 1951,[2] except for the servants' quarters, several stables and the Coach House, which was saved by the painter Bernard Hailstone. The Tower was already a Listed Building, having been listed on 17th April 1951. [3] Now the entrance gateway and lodges of the Castle still stand - a heavy Gothic presence on the street - as does the Stable Court with two turreted pavilions, which are all in private ownerships, and new homes have been built in the grounds.

Tower[edit]

Hadlow Tower under repair, August 2011.

Hadlow Tower, 51°13′21″N 0°20′20″E / 51.2225°N 0.3388°E / 51.2225; 0.3388 known locally as May's Folly, is a Victorian Gothic tower, and one of the largest in Britain. The top 40 feet (12 m) is an octagonal lantern.

The Grade I listed tower was badly damaged in the Great Storm of 1987, and the lantern was removed in 1996.[4] The tower's condition then worsened rapidly. The cost of repairs was estimated at £4 million. In July 2006, Tonbridge and Malling borough council announced that it would issue a compulsory purchase order (CPO) on the tower in an effort to save it.[5] This CPO was confirmed in March 2008 by the Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, with plans for the council to take possession of the Tower and transfer it to the Vivat Trust in late 2009, so that the necessary repair and restoration work can be undertaken; plans included short-term holiday accommodation, with a separate exhibition centre on part of the ground floor.[6]

In January 2011, it was announced that the tower had been compulsorily purchased by Tonbridge and Malling District Council; the council sold it to the Vivat Trust for £1. Restoration of the tower, including the replacement of the lantern commenced in February 2011, with completion then scheduled for September 2012. The project was funded by grants from English Heritage and the Heritage Lottery Fund.[7] The latter granted £2,000,000 of the estimated £4,000,000 restoration cost. Now restored, the tower offers holiday accommodation,[8] with public exhibition space on the ground floor. On 24 February 2011, Hadlow Castle was transferred to the Vivat Trust.[9][10]

The restoration was completed in February 2013, making it the tallest folly in the United Kingdom.[11] In October 2013, the restoration of the tower was recognised when the Vivat Trust and the Save Hadlow Tower Action Group (SHTAG) won a Lloyd-Webber Angel Award.[12] Work was completed on the interior; the exhibition centre in the tower is open on Thursdays from May to October.[11] Visits are organised by SHTAG.[13] In September 2014, it was shortlisted for the 2014 Kent Design Awards.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hadlow Castle". Lost Heritage. Retrieved 25 May 2012. 
  2. ^ Hadlow Castle
  3. ^ "Hadlow Tower". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 10 Feb 2013. 
  4. ^ Folly Towers
  5. ^ Daily Telegraph, 24 July 2006
  6. ^ Vivat Trust website
  7. ^ Moran, Lee (14 January 2011). "Restoration of historic tower gets go-ahead". Kent and Sussex Courier. p. 8. 
  8. ^ "Restoration work on Hadlow Tower in Kent set to start". BBC News Online. 24 February 2011. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  9. ^ "Hadlow Tower - Saved for the Nation". The Vivat Trust. Retrieved 24 February 2011. 
  10. ^ Jenna, Pudelek (6 March 2011). "Taking the tower to new heights". KoS Your Tunbridge Wells. pp. 14–15. 
  11. ^ a b "Tower restored to its former glory after 12-year fight.". Kent and Sussex Courier (Tonbridge edition) (15 February 2013). p. 1. 
  12. ^ "Hadlow Tower receives Lloyd-Webber awards". BBC News Online. Retrieved 21 October 2013. 
  13. ^ "SHTAG". Retrieved 6 Oct 2013. 
  14. ^ Britcher, Chris (28 September 2014). "Architects hope grand designs build on community benefits". Kent on Sunday (Kent). 

Sources[edit]

  • Bignell, Alan (1986). The Kent Village Book. Countryside Books. 
  • Thirsk, Joan (1985). Hadlow Castle, a Short History. Hadlow: Hadlow Historical Society. ISBN 0-9510425-0-5. 

External links[edit]