Hadoti

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Historical Region of North India
Hadoti (हाड़ौती)
001
Location eastern Rajastan
19th-century flag Bundi.svg
State established: 12th century
Language Hadoti
Dynasties Hadas Chauhan
Historical capital Bundi
Separated states Kota, Jhalawar

Hadoti (हाड़ौती) '. It was called Bundi Kingdom before several states separated, is a region of Rajasthan state in western India. The biggest cities are Baran and Kota.

It includes the districts of Bundi, Baran, Jhalawar and Kota, and is bounded on the west by the Mewar, on the northwest by Ajmer regions of Rajasthan, and on the south by the Malwa, on the east by the Gird regions of Madhya Pradesh state.

Geography[edit]

Language[edit]

History[edit]

Hadoti region of Rajasthan

The name of the region is derived from the Hada Rajputs, a branch of the Chauhan Rajput clan. The Hadas settled in the region in the 12th century and dominated the area for several centuries thereafter. Hada Rao Deva conquered Bundi in 1241 and nearby Kota in 1264. At one time, the Hada-ruled state of Bundi encompassed the present-day districts of Baran, Bundi, Kota, and Jhalawar.

The importance of Bundi state diminished over the years: as early as in 1579, it was deprived of the region which became a separate Kota state; the area included all of what later became a separate Jhalawar state in 1838. However, Bundi state did remain an independent entity, if only nominally, up to and during the British Raj. After the independence of India in 1947, it became part of the Dominion of India (later the Union of India).

Introduction[edit]

India is a huge country and it is quite natural that multitudes of states, towns and cities are located here. It can be segregated in several regions. If one takes a close look to the state of Rajasthan itself, it can be seen that the state too is not an exception. Hadoti is one such significant region. To several people, . The Hadoti region consists of several districts of Bundi, Baran, Jhalawar and Kota.

Geographical boundaries also are quite significant. The Hadoti region is surrounded on the western side by the Mewar region of Rajasthan and on the south by the Malwa region of Madhya Pradesh state.

The origination of the Hadoti region has got a significant story to back upon. The name of the region has been taken up from the Hada Rajputs, which comprises a branch of the Chauhan Rajput clan. As early as the 12th century, these Hada Rajputs migrated into the Hadoti region. Hada Rao Deva, a members of this Hada Rajputs group, occupied Bundi in the year 1241 and also Kota in the year 1264. In the Hadoti region, there is Kota, which had gained its status as an independent state in the year 1579. Similarly Jhalawar became separate state in the year 1838. Hadoti is a treasure house of art and sculpture. Some of the archeological wonders are found in the temples that are situated in every nook and corner of it. Bundi is an important city bearing witness to some of the striking artistry. It is located in a narrow encompassing gorge. To say in details, the Bundi palace of this Hadoti region portrays an instance of Hada Rajput architecture with its engraved bracket, towers, and balconies. The Chitra Shala with its superb paintings of this famous Bundi School that decorates the palace walls. At the time of festivals and fairs, the whole of the Hadoti region gets embellished with color and exuberances. Due to its integrity to the Rajasthani culture, most of the people of the Hadoti region practice Hinduism. They also fete almost all the traditional Rajasthani festivals like Deepawali, Holi, Gangaur, Teej, Gogaji, Makar Sankranti and Janmashtami. Pushkar, one of the significant festivals of the Rajasthan, too has been feted in the Hadoti with great festivity. In the Hadoti region, there is a small sub division of Keshorai Patan, which is situated almost about forty kilometers from the Bundi city and near about twenty-one from Kota. It specially gets enchanted with the mood of festivity and Pushkar celebration. Early in the morning, on the banks of the river Chambal of the region both males and females dress up in costumes. In the crystal clear waters of the river `Charmanyavati` or Chambal of Keshori Patan of the Hadoti, they float illumined diyas into the river water and seek blessings with prayers. Numerous villagers travel by ferry to reach there. The local market of this palace of Hadoti too is thronged with several people who also take a consecrated dip in the " Charmanyawati".

In order to felicitate the development and industrial growth of the Rajasthan state, a special Hadoti industrial fair begun in Kota is observed. Several entrepreneurs have been invited here to take initiatives in this regard. The State Government too has given their wholehearted supports to their endeavors.

Being a part of Rajasthan state, the region of Hadoti is agrarian based with majority of people practicing agriculture in order to meet the demands of their day-to-day living. Wheat, barley, pulses; sugarcanes are the crops that are grown here. The region too is enriched with the resources of oil seeds and minerals well. Various dance forms and musical melodies are quite popular amongst the people of Hadoti region, which recreate them and thus elevate their spirits from the boredom of the mundane living.

The Chiefs estates of princely state of Kotah[edit]

    1. Koela - Hara Chauhan
    2. Palaitha - Hara Chauhan
    3. Kunadi - Jhala
    4. Bamulia - Hara
    5. Kachnoada - Hara
    6. Rajgarh - Hara
    7. Ghati - Hara
    8. Kherli - Tanwar
    9. Srinal - Tanwar
    10. Dabri - Hara
    11. Mundli - Hara
    12. Kherli - Hara
    13. Karwar - Hara
    14. Phasud - Hara
    15. Pipalda - Hara
    16. Antarda - Hara
    17. Nimola - Hara
    18. Sarola - Pandit Brahmins

Hadoti - A paradise for migratory birds[edit]

Migratory birds from neighbouring China as well as Europe have begun flocking to ecologically rich districts in Rajasthan this year, although a little later than usual.

With their wetlands, thick forests and water bodies, the four districts of Hadoti, Kota, Bundi, Baran and Jhalawar have now come to be recognized as a paradise for migratory birds among foreign as well as domestic tourists.

"Hadoti is the second home for the migratory birds from China, Russia, Ladakh and other European countries. The arrival of these birds is a bit late this year, but now with the dip in temperatures, the number of arriving birds is increasing, Every winter, hundreds of migratory birds from various species throng to the spontaneous water bodies of Hadoti region and stay here from October to late March. It is also the season for tourist industry in the region where thousands of foreign and domestic tourists rush during winter.

According to the bird watching experts there are mainly two seasons for the activities of migratory birds in the region - the monsoon season and the winter season from October to March end when they return to their native destinations. The spontaneous agitation of the migratory birds reaches to its climax in December, January and throughout the season, these birds make their presence felt with the melodious singing and chirping over the placid water bodies.