Hadrian à Saravia
Hadrian à Saravia, sometimes called Hadrian Saravia, Adrien Saravia, or Adrianus Saravia (1532 – 15 January 1612) was an English prebend and theologian and a member of the First Westminster Company, charged by James I of England to produce the King James Version of the Bible.
Saravia was born in Hesdin (Artois), then part of Flanders, to Protestant Flemish and Spanish parents. He entered the ministry at Antwerp, had a hand in the Walloon Confession(see Belgic Confession) and gathered a Walloon congregation in Brussels. In 1566 he was a minister in Ghent, where his episcopal leanings were attracting notice. [NOTE: date seems wrong, as he was firs headmaster of Elizabeth School, on Guernsey, in 1563. See below.]
In 1577, after another period in Flanders, he accepted a professorship at Leiden University.
He left the United Provinces when his complicity in a political plot was discovered.
Return to England
He returned to England as master of a grammar school in Southampton. He published several treatises defending the Episcopacy against Presbyterianism. He was appointed, in 1588, rector of Tatenhill, Staffordshire. His first work, De diversis gradibus ministrorum Evangelii (1590; in English, 1592, and reprinted), was an argument for episcopacy, which led to a controversy with Theodore Beza and gained him incorporation as D.D. at Oxford (9 June 1590), and a prebend at Gloucester (22 October 1591).
On 6 December 1595 he was admitted to a canonry at Canterbury (which he resigned in 1602), and in the same year to the vicarage of Lewisham, Kent, where he became an intimate friend of Richard Hooker, his near neighbor, whom he absolved on his deathbed. He was made prebendary of Worcester in 1601 and of Westminster (5 July 1601). In 1604, or early in 1605, he presented to James I of England his Latin treatise on the Eucharist, which remained in the Royal Library unprinted, until in 1885 it was published (with translation and introduction) by Archdeacon G. A. Denison.
In 1607 he was nominated one of the translators of the King James Version of the Bible of 1611, his part being Genesis to the end of Kings II. He is said to have been the only translator who was not English.
On 23 March 1610 he exchanged Lewisham for the rectory of Great Chart, Kent.
- Adrian Saravia, Rector of Tatenhill 1588-1595
- Guernsey Millennium Tapestry 1500-1600 featuring Adrian Saravia
- Saravia, Hadrian à, De Sacra Eucharistica trans. Denison, George A (London 1855) at Project Canterbury site.
- McClure, Alexander. (1858) The Translators Revived: A Biographical Memoir of the Authors of the English Version of the Holy Bible. Mobile, Alabama: R. E. Publications (republished by the Marantha Bible Society, 1984 ASIN B0006YJPI8 )
- Nicolson, Adam. (2003) God's Secretaries: The Making of the King James Bible. New York: HarperCollins ISBN 0-06-095975-4
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.