|Intersecting Storage Rings||CERN, 1971–1984|
|Super Proton Synchrotron||CERN, 1981–1984|
|ISABELLE||BNL, cancelled in 1983|
|Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider||BNL, 2000–present|
|Superconducting Super Collider||Cancelled in 1993|
|Large Hadron Collider||CERN, 2009–present|
|High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider||Proposed, CERN, 2020 (planned)|
|Very Large Hadron Collider||Theoretical|
A hadron collider is a very large particle accelerator built to test the predictions of various theories in particle physics and high-energy physics. A hadron collider uses underground tunnels and vast amounts of energy to cause closely monitored collisions of two particle beams in order to detect and study hadrons.
- Intersecting Storage Rings (ISR), CERN, in operation 1971-1984.
- Super Proton Synchrotron (SPS), CERN, used as a hadron collider 1981-1984.
- Tevatron, Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), in operation 1983-2011.
- Large Hadron Collider (LHC), CERN, in operation since 2008.
Other underground particle accelerators at CERN are connected to the Large Hadron Collider and have been used in conjunction with it.
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