Hadron collider

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Hadron colliders
Intersecting Storage Rings CERN, 1971–1984
Super Proton Synchrotron CERN, 1981–1984
ISABELLE BNL, cancelled in 1983
Tevatron Fermilab, 1987–2011
Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider BNL, 2000–present
Superconducting Super Collider Cancelled in 1993
Large Hadron Collider CERN, 2009–present
High Luminosity Large Hadron Collider Proposed, CERN, 2020–
Very Large Hadron Collider Theoretical

A hadron collider is a very large particle accelerator built to test the predictions of various theories in particle physics and high-energy physics. A hadron collider uses underground tunnels and vast amounts of energy to cause closely monitored collisions of two particle beams in order to detect and study hadrons.

Only a few hadron colliders have been built, most of them at the European Organisation for Nuclear Research (CERN) facility in Geneva, Switzerland. They include:

Other underground particle accelerators at CERN are connected to the Large Hadron Collider and have been used in conjunction with it.