Haeju

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Haeju
해주시
Municipal City
Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-Reischauer Haeju-si
 • Revised Romanization Haeju-si
The Buyong Pavilion in Haeju
The Buyong Pavilion in Haeju
Haeju is located in North Korea
Haeju
Haeju
Coordinates: 38°3′N 125°43′E / 38.050°N 125.717°E / 38.050; 125.717
Country  North Korea
Area
 • Total 206.9 km2 (79.9 sq mi)
Population (2008)
 • Total 273,300

Haeju is a city located in South Hwanghae Province near Haeju Bay in North Korea. It is the administrative centre of South Hwanghae Province. As of 2000, the population of the city is estimated to be 236,000. At the beginning of 20th century, it became a strategic port in Sino-Korean trade. Haeju has chemical-related enterprises and a cement factory.

History[edit]

The area around Haeju is known to have been inhabited since the Neolithic period, as shellmounds, pottery, and stone tools have been found at Ryongdangp'o. During the early Three kingdoms period, it was briefly governed by a small chieftain, when it was known as "Naemihol" (). In 757, however, it was conquered by the Goguryeo kingdom, who later lost it to Silla. It was under the Goryeo dynasty's King T'aejo that it received its current name.

Geography[edit]

Haeju City is located at western part of Korean Peninsula, 60 km north of the Military Demarcation Line,100 km south from Pyongyang. This city, being not very mountainous, most part of landforms are composed of plains. All the mountains of this city are under 1,000m.

Mountains[edit]

  • Mountain Suyang, 946m.
  • Mountain Jangdae,686m
  • Nam Hill,122m.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Haeju
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) −0.4
(31.3)
1.8
(35.2)
7.8
(46)
15.3
(59.5)
20.5
(68.9)
24.8
(76.6)
27.7
(81.9)
28.8
(83.8)
24.8
(76.6)
18.7
(65.7)
11.2
(52.2)
2.2
(36)
15.2
(59.4)
Average low °C (°F) −8.7
(16.3)
−6.8
(19.8)
−1
(30)
5.6
(42.1)
11.0
(51.8)
16.1
(61)
21.2
(70.2)
21.8
(71.2)
16.1
(61)
8.9
(48)
2.3
(36.1)
−5.6
(21.9)
6.7
(44.1)
Precipitation mm (inches) 16
(0.63)
15
(0.59)
33
(1.3)
67
(2.64)
81
(3.19)
120
(4.72)
345
(13.58)
260
(10.24)
113
(4.45)
38
(1.5)
36
(1.42)
24
(0.94)
1,148
(45.2)
 % humidity 67 64 63 64 68 76 85 79 71 66 68 70 70.1
Mean monthly sunshine hours 207.7 211.8 226.3 249.0 260.4 231.0 189.1 217.0 234.0 248.0 195.0 176.7 2,646
Source: Wetter Spiegel Online[1]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Haeju is divided into several urban neighborhoods ("dong") and several rural villages ("ri").[2]

Chosŏn'gŭl Hancha
Changch'un-dong 장춘동
Haech'ŏng-dong 해청동
Haeun-dong 해운동 海運
Hakhyŏn-dong 학현동
Kuje-dong 구제동
Kwangha-dong 광하동
Kwangsŏk-dong 광석동
Kyŏlsŏng-dong 결성동
Namsan-dong 남산동
Okgye-dong 옥계동
Puyong-dong 부용동 芙蓉
Ryongdang-dong 룡당동
Saegŏri-dong 새거리동 거리
Sami-dong 사미동
Sansŏng-dong 산성동
Singwang-ri 신광리
Sŏae-dong 서애동 西
Sŏkch'ŏn-dong 석천동
Sŏkmi-dong 석미동
Sŏnsan-dong 선산동
Sŭngma-dong 승마동
Taegok-dong 대곡동
Ŭpp'a-dong 읍파동
Yangsa-dong 양사동
Yŏnggwang-dong 영광동
Yŏnha-dong 연하동
Chakch'ŏn-ri 작천리
Changbang-ri 장방리
Yŏngyang-ri 영양리

Culture and travel[edit]

Famous tourist attractions in the city center include Puyong Pavilion, the Haeju Dharani Monument, the Haeju Sokbinggo, and several trees classified as living monuments. Farther out, scenic spots include Suyangsan Falls, the Sokdamgugok scenic area, Suyangsan Fortress and the Sohyon Academy.

Economy[edit]

Haeju Special Economic Zone was announced in the Second Inter-Korean Summit meeting between the South Korean president Roh Moo-Hyun and the North Korean leader Kim Jong-Il. It was to be a Special Economic Zone centered around the Haeju port. The zone would have consisted of 16.5 km2 of development, and also the expansion of the Haeju port. This project was estimated to cost over US$4.5 billion.

This economic agreement between South Korea and North Korea would have allowed trading across the Northern Limit Line[3] between the ports of Incheon and Haeju, only 110 km apart. Recent military skirmishes make any revival of this deal unlikely for the time being.

Transportation[edit]

Haeju has a military and civilian dual purposes air station (HAE), with a 12/30 runway (Haeju Airport). Haeju also has one of the major economic and military ports in North Korea. It is connected to Sariwŏn via the Haeju Line.

Education[edit]

Haeju is home to Haeju University of Education, Haeju College of Art, and Kim Je Won Haeju University of Agriculture.

Media[edit]

The Korean Central Broadcasting Station airs on AM 1080 kHz using a 1.5-megawatt mediumwave transmitter.

People born in Haeju[edit]

Haeju is the home of the Haeju Choi and the Haeju Oh Clan.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Wetter im Detail: Klimadaten". Spiegel Online. 2011.  Retrieved on April 11, 2012.
  2. ^ http://nk.joins.com/map/view.asp?idx=i104.htm
  3. ^ Rodger Baker (24 November 2010). "Importance of the Koreas' Northern Limit Line". STRATFOR. Retrieved 4 December 2010. 

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

  • North Korea Uncovered (Google Earth), see the geographical locations of many of Haeju's cultural locations including Mt. Suyang Fort and Mt. Suyang Falls, as well as Haeju's railway, industrial, and commercial infrastructure on Google Earth."
  • Haeju photos Traveller's blog with pictures from North Korea

Coordinates: 38°02′N 125°43′E / 38.033°N 125.717°E / 38.033; 125.717