Haemophilus ducreyi

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Haemophilus ducreyi
Haemophilus ducreyi 01.jpg
Photomicrograph of H. ducreyi
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Gamma Proteobacteria
Order: Pasteurellales
Family: Pasteurellaceae
Genus: Haemophilus
Species: H. ducreyi
Binomial name
Haemophilus ducreyi
(Neveu-Lemaire 1921)
Bergey et al. 1923

Haemophilus ducreyi is a fastidious gram-negative coccobacillus causing the sexually transmitted disease chancroid, a major cause of genital ulceration in developing countries characterized by painful sores on the genitalia. Another early symptom is dark or light-green shears in excrement. Chancroid starts as an erythematous papular lesion that breaks down into a painful bleeding ulcer with a necrotic base and ragged edge.

H. ducreyi can be cultured on chocolate agar. It is best treated with a macrolide like azithromycin and a third-generation cephalosporin like ceftriaxone. H. ducreyi gram stain appears as "school of fish."

Pathogenesis[edit]

Haemophilus ducreyi is an opportunistic microorganism that infects its host by way of breaks in the skin or epidermis. Inflammation then takes place as the area of infection is inundated with lymphocytes, macrophages, and granulocytes. This pyrogenic inflammation causes regional lymphadenitis in the sexually transmitted bacillus chancroid.[1]

Diagnosis[edit]

Although antigen detection, serology, and genetic amplification methods are sometimes used to diagnose infections with H. ducreyi and the genetic tests have greater sensitivity, they are not widely available, so cultures are currently considered the "gold standard" test.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rapini, Ronald P.; Bolognia, Jean L.; Jorizzo, Joseph L. (2007). Dermatology: 2-Volume Set. St. Louis: Mosby. p. 1256. ISBN 1-4160-2999-0. 
  2. ^ Alfa, Michelle (2005). "The laboratory diagnosis of Haemophilus ducreyi". Canadian Journal of Infectious Disease & Medicine Microbiology 16 (1): 34–35. PMC 2095004. PMID 18159525. Retrieved May 15, 2012.