Hafizabad

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This article is about Hafizabad, a city and tehsil of Hafizabad District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. For others, see Hafizabad (disambiguation).
Hafizabad
City and tehsil
Country Pakistan
Region Punjab
Union councils 25
Time zone PST (UTC+5)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC+6)
Area code(s) 0547

Hafizabad (Urdu: حافظ آباد ‎) is a city and tehsil of Hafizabad District in the Punjab province of Pakistan. It is situated at 32° 4′ N. and 73° 41′ E. Hafizabad and Pindi Bhattian are its two tehsil or tahsil/tahasil.

Ancient history[edit]

Hafizabad is an old city. In 327 BC, when Sikandar-e-Azam attacked Hindustan, the territory of the Sandal Bar (where Hafizabad is now located) was a populated area. Big cities were located in this territory, and a lot of sub states were organised here under the presidency of maharajas and rajas.[1]

In the 6th century, when the famous Chinese tourist Hiuen Tsang came here, the area was backward but not underpopulated. Then the tourist moved to Sangla; he stayed one night in a town, then called Jai Pura, which was located near the village Koriala (Kadyala).

Medieval history[edit]

In 997 CE, Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, took over the Ghaznavid dynasty empire established by his father, Sultan Sebuktegin, In 1005 he conquered the Shahis in Kabul in 1005. This was followed by the conquests of the Punjab region. The Delhi Sultanate and later Mughal Empire ruled the region. The Punjab region became predominately Muslim due to missionary Sufi saints whose dargahs dot the landscape of Punjab region. During the Delhi Sultanate period a big city was situated at the site of the present village of Mehdiabad. But afterwards this territory became unpopulated and jungle-like because of shortage of water and Afghan incursions. This situation persisted until Mughal Emperor Akbar's period. Hafizabad was formerly a place of some importance, and is mentioned in the Ain-i-Akbari as headquarters of a Mahal. Hafiz, the founder, was a favourite of emperor Mughal Emperor Akbar.[2]

Legend of King Akbar[edit]

According to one legend, Mughal Emperor Akbar came to the present-day site of Hafizabad on a hunting trip. The King lost his company as he was busy hunting. This territory was a jungle-like area and there was nothing to eat or drink. Akbar felt thirsty and needed to drink some water. Suddenly he was astonished to see a smoke. He followed the smoke and found a cottage, and in the cottage there was a man named Sarmast, a Muslim Sufi. Akbar told him about his thirst and asked for some water. Sarmast had no water, but he called up a grazing deer and milked it to serve Akbar with milk. Akbar drank the milk and told the Sarmast that he was a king and said, "Please ask me for anything you want. I will give you whatever you want." Faqir Sarmast asked him to build a town for his pupils. The Mughal Emperor Akbar promised and ordered the current Hakim, named Hafiz Meerak, to construct a city there.

Hafiz Meerak did as the Mughal Emperor Akbar ordered. The town, Hafizabad, took its name from his name. One source says that Akbar wanted to name the town Akbarabad, but the name Hafizabad became popular until Akbar knew about its creation. Akbar let the city retain its name, Hafizabad. Historians think that this city came into being between 1556 – 1570.

In Period of Aurangzeb Alamgir Lachi Raam Kapoor was mansabdar of Hafizabad. Two khatri tribes Kapoor and Chopras were considered as head of Hafizabad.

Independence[edit]

The predominantly Muslim population supported Muslim League and Pakistan Movement. After the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the minority Hindus and Sikhs migrated to India while Muslim refugees from India settled in the Hafizabad. Most of the refugees have since settled and inter-married into the local population.

Politics[edit]

Mehndi Hasan Bhatti and Choudhary Afzal Hussain Tarar are two famous political figures in Hafizabad. Apart from these Syed Fidah Husaain Shah ex MPA, Malik Fazal Hussain Awan ex MNA, Malik Wazeer Awan ex MPA, Iftikhar Bashir Tarar ex MNA, Rai Fatah Muhammad Kharal ex MPA, Ch. Noor Muhammad Tarar ex MPA, Ch. Nazar Abbas Bhatti ex MPA, Jamshaid Abbas Theem ex MPA, Sardar Rafeeq Ahmad Gujjar ex MPA, Dr. Muzafar Ali Sheikh ex MPA, Ch. Shaukat Bhatti ex MPA, Ch. Intesar Bhatti ex MPA, Mian Shahdat Khan Bhatti ex MNA, Malik Fiaz Ahmad Awan MPA, Asad Ullah Arian MPA, Syed Shoaib Shah MPA, Saira Afzal Tarar MNA, Mian Shahid Bhatti MNA, Liaqat Abbas Bhatti ex MNA, Col. Ali Ahmad Awan ex District Nazim, Ch. Mubashir Abbas Bhatti ex District Nazim, Ch. Mukhtar Ahmad Bhatti ex MPA are also political figures of Hafizabad.

Geography[edit]

  • Latitude of Hafizabad: 32,0667 (32°4′0.120″N)
  • Longitude: 73,6833 (73°40′59.880″E)
  • Altitude: 207 m
  • Population 2012: (398922)(city population)

Hafizabad is 30 miles (48 km) away in the west from Gujranwala. Connection with the city is by Gujranwala Road or Hafizabad Road. On the Wazirabad – Faisalabad Railway Section, Hafizabad is the eighth railway station. The distance to the city of Wazirabad is 37 miles (60 km). Basically it is an agricultural city. Since the construction of an interchange near Sukheki, Hafizabad is now just 22 kilometres away from the M2 motorway.

Climate[edit]

The district climate is hot during summer and during winter is cold. The Eastern has proximity of rain fall than western part. From July to September is monsoon weather. The soil of the district is fertile that is why best qualities of rice is cultivated here. The average per month ranges rainfall from 50–75 millimetres.[3]

Rivers[edit]

The Chenab River originates in the snow-covered central range of the Himalayas. It receives numerous smaller streams from the lower hills which depend upon rainfall. It breaks out from a rocky gorge in the hills, six miles (10 km) to the north of Bajwat District.

Sialkot flows downward from Marala Headwork and enters Hafizabad District near Kot Kkamer, a village of Hafizabad Tehsil. It forms a natural boundary between Mandi Bahauddin and Hafizabad districts. An other very famous place is Head Sagar Complex in which an Irrigation Canal is passing over a link canal. It is a very common and interesting place for new visitors in Hafizabad.

Industry[edit]

Major portion of the country's rice exports are from Hafizabad, which is sometimes referred to as the Land of Rice or City of Rice. Cotton power loom (weaving) is the second largest industry of Hafizabad. It is linked directly with the cotton market in Faisalabad and businessmen from Faisalabad deal directly with the cotton industry in Hafizabad. It plays an important role in the development of Hafizabad. This industry has been badly affected by the energy crisis.

Before the independence of Pakistan in 1947, the per-annum income of Hafizabad just from rice was 15 million. Peshwar, Agra, Mithra, Calcutta, Karachi, and Sukker were Hafizabad's main clients. Up to 23 rice mills were there until the independence of Pakistan.

Agriculture[edit]

The following types of rice are cultivated in Hafizabad: Basmati 385, Basmati 386, Super Karnal, 1121 Sella, Ery Nine, Erey Six, Super Fan, and KS 282. White Pearl Rice is famous rice brand of Hafizabad. Hafizabad and Jalalpur Bhattian grain market is considered as the biggest grain rice export centres of the country.

Mosques[edit]

The city of Hafizabad has many mosques.Notable mosques include Jamia Masjid khizra Al maruf Masjid barneyan wali Mohalla Garhi awan,Jamia Masjid Makki Jallalpure Road,Jamia Masjid Tehsil wali Fawara Chowk, Markazi Jamia Masjid Qadeem Vanekay Road, Shabir Shah Masjid, Masjid-e-Sadiqia, Jamiya Masjid Haneef Sheir Pura, Eid gah Masjid, Masjid-e-Abu Hanifa, Sidiqia Masjid college road.Dar us Sunnah Railway Station, Masjid Khooh Wali Misri Khan,Masjid Tayiba Gujranwala Road,Masjid Kdimiayan Waniky road,Masjid Al-fatah, Markazi Jamia Masjid Jamalay Mustafa Kot Hassan Khan with electric automatic door. imam Bargha ward number 1. Markazi imam bargha fawara chowk, Darbar-e-Hussain and Masjid Anwar-e-Madnia Mollah Kashmir Nagar.Jamiah masjid Nooraani garhiawan.Masjid Yahya sahib wally. Masjid Nasrullah sahib wally. Jamiah Masjid Subaidar wali Kasoki road.Ahmadiyya Jamaat Khana mulana mairaj ud din sb wali bukken kalan,Masjid Bilal husain pura.Jamia Masjid Mubarak jamia masjid sher-e-rabani kassoke road Jamia Masjid Al-Bader mohala bahawal pura shaqri kassoki road hafizabad, Masjid Amna Madrian wala road mohalla Amna Abad(Tajpura),jamia masjid cheshtia qadria (mohallah dhab wala)

Saints Of District Hafizabad[edit]

Hazrat Shah Sharmast Jilal U Din Bukhari: His mausoleum is located in east of Hafizabad. The Mughal emperor Akbar and Jahangir visited him.

Hazrat Hafiz Syed Mustafa: He is a saint of Mughal era and each year on 24 of Har month the religious festival organised by the natives.

Shah Buban Bukhari: He is known as Baban Bukhari. There is one mosque within premises of his tomb named as Chah Bukhari.

Marwan Shah: He was born in 11th Hijri in the village of Jogi Jamkay. After demise of his father during early childhood he opted for profession of labouring. It is famous and known that during Shab e barat when he was watering the fields of his master the water became milk.

Syed Niamat Ali Shah: Noor Shah Sadar-u- Din was his father and Wali Qutab Imam of Begum Kot Lahore his brother. He came to Jalalpur for preaching Islam. He lived in the district and died at the age of 90. He is buried in Jalalpur and every year his urs is arranged on 15 ‘Har’(A month of ‘Bikrami’ year)

Sheikh Mosa Dud: He was contemporary and devotees of Baba Fareed Gunj Shaker. It is stated that when once Hazrat Baba Fareed Gunjh Shaker was going for pilgrimage, he asked Sheikh Mosa Dud to come along with him but he apologised. When Hazrat Baba Fareed reached ‘Macca’ he saw that Mosa Dud was already there. That's' why the devotees of Fareed Shaker Gunj called him Mosa Dud. He is buried in Mehmood Pur, a slum of Jalalpur.[4]

Sports[edit]

Hafizabad is very famous in sports.The most famous game in the city is horse tent pegging. The best riders of the district are Malik Muhammad Akram Awan of Kot Hassan Khan and his nephew Malik Jahagir Maqbool Awan, a young rider and a Kabadi Player.Volleyball players: Rai Noor Muhammad Kharal (known as Noori) from Thatha Hashmat and Tariq Iqbal From Kotishaq are famous players of volleyball shooting and cricket (Prince Abbas Alvi), hockey (Muhammad Javed Olympian 1999), kabaddi: from Kot Hassan Khan (Muhammad Shfiq Awan Hafizabadi, a very young and talented kabaddi player from Punjab)etc.SOCCER(FOOTBALL): Sikandar Hayat from Kot Ishaq is one of the renowned footballers of the District, whose famous single goal made it possible for M.H.Sufi Foundation school to win Division Championship for the first time. He is the only player from the district of Hafizabad who got training from German coach Mr Hoggler in a camp which was organised by Pakistan Football Federation. Mr. KHALID Goraya from Venike Tarar is well known for his football coaching.

Education[edit]

Over a period of time many new schools and colleges have been established in the district and the overall education standard has improved. Recently a new school system has emerged with the name Centurion which is a great milestone in the field of education. Among all the educationists Maj(r)Hasan Raza Awan has worked tremendously to raise the standard of education in the area. The largest enrolment ratio of the Punjab is in Hafizabad and Rawalpindi. Literacy rate is 64% in males and 44% among females.[5]

Colleges[edit]

Farabi Law College Affiliated with University of the Punjab, M.H.SUFI foundation college kot ishaq, Govt. college for Boys, Now upgraded and renamed as Govt. College Hafizabad, Govt.Islamia Degree college for Women, Punjab college of commerce, Superior college Hafizabad, Muslim College hafizabad, Hafizabad College of Commerce, Hafizabad College of Business Studies, Grw road Hafizabad, Justice Law College Dakkhana road hafizabad, The Management Club 1st Floor Usman Plaza Fawara Chow Hafizabad. Causeway College Hafizabad for Boys & Girls national college of computer science{heritiage}

Schools[edit]

Sir Syed Scholars INN, District Public Schoool, Grammar Model School, Misali Public School, Abdali Public School, Crescent Model School, M. H. Sufi Foundation School, Beaconhouse school system, Brooksfield School System, Allied School System, The Readers School,Govt. Muslim High School, Govt. High school No.1, Govt. High School Madina Colony, Govt. High school No.2 Rana Ali Hassan

References[edit]

Coordinates: 32°04′N 73°41′E / 32.067°N 73.683°E / 32.067; 73.683